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One of the original questions: What was Willis Harman so excited about at the Sequoia Seminars in ? What was Stolaroff so excited about? Well it turns out that they were excited about Gerald Heard. Also I had found that between and a discovery had been made for the large scale production of LSD and I was looking for government programs related to this discovery Chatter - Artichoke: In fact CIA documents show that a U. A year later, Lilly chemists succeeded in their quest , and subsequent supplies were from Lilly[1,2].
One objective was to keep any further LSD out of the hands of the West's enemies; another was to find out as much as possible about the drug; and the third was to experiment with LSD as a weapon in warfare and espionage.
Back home in the United States, the Eli Lilly company in Indianapolis established a new process for LSD which meant that the drug could now be mass-produced. The CIA agent who reported this development to his superiors noted that the military services had access to a home supply of LSD by the ton. Point Richmond became a proving ground for filling in some of those blanks. Owsley had got as far as crystal LSD, which in itself required a reasonable level of purity; but he believed that if he could achieve absolute purity, then the LSD would be extra special with extra special results.
Between them Owsley and Scully created 20 to 30 grams of what they thought was the purest LSD anyone had yet produced. The crystal lost its yellowish tinge and became almost blue-white under the fluorescent lamp. LSD is one of a very small group of compounds with this property. Secora Seminar - - Need help with more information Anyone have any more info on the "Secora Seminar" or related history? Tavistock - Systems Psychodynamics - mass brain-washing techniques http: Was it an early passion?
No, I was trained as a scientist, thought I was going to be a chemist for a while, ended up as an electrical engineer and then systems engineer. And then in at age 36 I had an up-ending experience that I hadn't asked for and the net result was my path through life took a sudden swerve.
It was a two-week seminar which, there was nothing like it at the time although later on there were things like Est and Silva Mind Control and all kinds of things, but at that time, it was a fairly intensive seminar and I only came into it because I didn't realise that. I was tricked into coming into it, thinking it was going to be a nice, safe intellectual discussion. What was the seminar, specifically? The same group became Beyond War, they still exist , I think.
It became apparent to me through that experience that I had feelings that I was not even aware of, you know my unconscious mind. Its rather hard to explain how an experience suddenly opens you up. It's not exactly a rational, linear process. At any rate I just started to search around for whoever knew something about any part of this. Celia Green was just a youngster coming in at that time.
So in the next half dozen years or so I got somewhat involved in psychical research and somewhat involved in the psychedelic research. That sort of blew up in a way in the 's!
So I shifted over to doing research on the future. Other special weekends have featured Dr. Elisabet Sahtouris, scientist and author, Helen Palmer, psychologist and author, and Brian Swimme, physicist, teacher and author. Beyond War's successor organization, the Foundation for Global Community is active and can be found at http: Sequoia Seminar was purchased by the Hendricks family in After much renovation and capital improvements, they have passed stewardship to us.
The Sequoia Retreat Center stands on the shoulders of peace makers, reconciliation makers, stewards of the land and Sequoias. Our roots are in the people who have created extraordinary lives. We honor and extend that work by holding this space open. To give another illustration of how things were developing: Sitting in the audience was an engineer named Myron Stolaroff. Stolaroff was in charge of long-range planning at Ampex, which was one of the first of the high-technology companies to emerge in the valleys south of San Francisco.
Stolaroff had heard Gerald speak several times before and considered him one of the world's outstanding mystics. So when Heard began rhapsodizing about the effects of certain mind-altering drugs, Stolaroff was predictably upset. At one point Hubbard's name had come up, and Heard had implied that if Stolaroff wished to try any of these substances, Al was the man to guide him through the experience.
So Stolaroff had written Hubbard and one day Al had turned up on the doorstep, bounding into Myron's office with a tank of carbogen , a "fun-loving guy" who "radiated an enormous energy field. Stolaroff, who had been skeptical of a lot of Gerald's claims, was convinced.
It was a terrible experience. During those hours in Hubbard's apartment, Stolaroff relived his birth, the actual physical birth, gasping and writhing for what felt like days, until he broke through to the world, which actually smelled of ether.
Although it was a torturous few hours, Myron emerged from the LSD womb convinced that many of his personal eccentricities and neuroses could be traced back to the trauma of his birth. This was not a radical possibility as far as psychoanalysis was concerned; Otto Rank, one of Freud's last disciples, had explored the effects of birth on the emerging psyche in numerous articles. But it would have taken psychoanalysis years to attain the level that LSD had reached in one climactic rush.
Stolaroff returned to Ampex convinced that LSD "was the greatest discovery that man had ever made. Myron Stolaroff was a good example. Stolaroff had been in charge of long-range planning at Ampex, one of the first of the big electronics firms to settle south of the Bay Area, when he had been bitten by the psychedelic bug.
Together with Hubbard he had tried to interest Ampex's management in a program that would use LSD to solve all kinds of corporate problems, interpersonal problems, design problems, long-range planning problems.
But the plan had foundered on Al's penchant for Christian mysticism. Stolaroff didn't let go, though: The senior management of Ampex had been horrified. Having gotten to know Hubbard through rather extraordinary circumstances, it didn't seem at all irrational for them to be worrying, "What if this nutball drives our best men crazy? The Palo Alto Mental Research Institute had been studying the drug since , and had been instrumental in introducing dozens of local psychiatrists and psychologists, as well as interested laymen like Allen Ginsberg, to the perplexities of the Other World.
Leo Hollister who will soon reappear in association with a hopeful young writer named Ken Kesey , at the Veterans Hospital, was still doing model psychoses work. The point was that most LSD researchers were fairly conservative. Charging five hundred dollars for one session with a highly questionable drug? The whole thing smacked of chicanery, despite the fact that Stolaroff had a licensed psychiatrist running the actual therapy sessions. But what was worse, it was chicanery with good word of mouth.
The San Mateo Call Bulletin, scenting a medical scandal, had interviewed a number of Stolaroff's patients and found them laudatory to the point of hyperbole. Some of the Players: Our aim is to learn more about events and abilities commonly described as "psychic" or "paranormal" by supporting research , sharing information and encouraging debate. Our members come from all over the world, and represent a variety of academic and professional interests.
The Jesus as Teacher studies were brought to the west in the 's by Dr. Seminars were held at Asilomar and other locations. By the 's it was clear that a permanent facility was needed. Early meetings were held in a cottage and participants stayed in tents during the two and three week summer seminars.
The first lodge was built on land at the Quaker Center in Ben Lomond. Here the tradition of working together was begun and the goal of blending buildings with the land was met in "Casa de Luz", House of Light.
This first lodge was given to the Quaker Center in He has submitted several important technical papers to the Journal of the Audio Engineering Society and other related publications, which have become foundational to modern loudspeaker theory. Examples of his recent work include extensive development of dipolar loudspeaker theory.
He left no diary, nor chatty relatives to memorialize him in print. And if a cadre of associates had not recently agreed to open its files, Captain Alfred M.
Hubbard might exist in death as he did in life--a man of mirrors and shadows, revealing himself to even his closest friends only on a need-to-know basis.
Beverly Hills psychiatrist Oscar Janiger once said of Hubbard, "We waited for him like a little old lady for the Sears-Roebuck catalog. Those who will talk about Al Hubbard are few. Oscar Janiger told this writer that "nothing of substance has been written about Al Hubbard, and probably nothing ever should.
But nobody is ambivalent about the Captain: He was as brilliant as the noonday sun, mysterious as the rarest virus, and friendly like a golden retriever.
The first visage of Hubbard was beheld by Dr. Humphry Osmond, now senior psychiatrist at Alabama's Bryce Hospital. John Smythies were researching the correlation between schizophrenia and the hallucinogens mescaline and adrenochrome at Weyburn Hospital in Saskatchewan, Canada, when an A. Hubbard requested the pleasure of Osmond's company for lunch at the swank Vancouver Yacht Club.
Osmond later recalled, "It was a very dignified place, and I was rather awed by it. He was also very genial, an excellent host. Osmond supplied him with some. Among Hubbard's passions was motion. His identity as "captain" came from his master of sea vessels certification and a stint in the US Merchant Marine. At the time of their meeting in , Al Hubbard owned secluded Daymen Island off the coast of Vancouver --a former Indian colony surrounded by a huge wall of oyster shells.
To access his acre estate, Hubbard built a hangar for his aircraft and a slip for his yacht from a fallen redwood.
The author of the article states absolutely that Kazi was a Muslim, because of his first name: This means in Arabic a person who memorized the Koran. He could have decided to wage Jihad 10 years ago, or last month, or if he were still alive, could decide at any point in the future.
They are chosen acts to fulfill the command for Jihad. The truly believing Muslim is commanded to do anything that will help create and enforce the dominance of Islam in any place where they live. I didnt watch 60 mins program. How bad was it? Of course the media is having a field day. California Penal Code section makes it a crime to record activity without the consent of all parties.
Courts across the country have found this alone can be grounds for summary judgment for Trump. Did Avenatti tell Daniels this before he did it? The Tampa police reports probably have more details. She is superfically smart, but then contradicts herself within 5 minutes. Picture appeared in this article, among others https: I remember that picture from the Congressional Baseball Playoffs…that happened after the shooting, where Steve Scalise got shot.
LSU shirt in honor of Steve Scalise. Ryan most likely wearing purple LSU ball cap. And of course Chucky never misses a camera pointed at him. The refugees, particularly the Muslims are not assimilating yet living high off the hog on our dime. Most are making more in governmental supplements than average hardworking middle class American. Here comes Bolton… https: Scavino45 March 24, The news is so gross. He says we need to call them out for it everywhere and make it a thing.
Makes no sense whatsoever. She laughed about the threat event just a little too much. It has also been in countless movies and tv shows. And what is more likely true…is that she has been threatened if she refuses to play along with this Hoax. Her pupils were Dilated big time… Its the talk of the town now… Twitter going crazy.
I just hope Trump leaves this alone… any american that saw this interview saw that. It just goes to show you how desperate and rabid Anderson Cooper is…. In previous magazine interviews, she said there were multiple encounters. Did I miss anything?
Are the Trump micro-managers back on the train? Are they chastened, vowing to trust Trump? The new map is expected to make elections more competitive and put several Republican-held seats in play for Democrats this year. The Two Party system at work. The dems redraw the lines to screw the repubs. The repubs redraw the lines, and screw themselves;……………….. Will there be another election for that seat in November? Lamb will be running for one of the new seats.
Just got the details — old district Lamb just won was District Map of those new districts 18 is gone can be seen here in the top right map. The old map is also shown:. That is when States gain or lose several seats and their legislature redistricts to accommodate their new number of members and new electoral count. See my comment just below.
PA will still exist as a seat. So PA will have neither of those two candidates in the next session starting January , and they could possibly both wind up in the House but in the 14th and 17th instead. Every single House seat is always on the ballot each 2-year Federal election, the term for each seat is 2 years on a Constitutionally set schedule regardless of how many times in between that it becomes vacant. For the special elections, sometimes to save money they just wait until the next scheduled election happens there is one every November but if that is too long they will schedule one outside of November instead.
The House rule was set in the original Constitution, the Senate rule came in with the 17th Amendment. If that re-districting survives challenges then areas shift around between that and other districts so that on the next election you will still see PA on the ballot but with many different voters same for other adjusted districts.
So no, the district does not vanish, it is still there under a different number or several numbers. Also of note, on Wikipedia I see that PA has primaries scheduled for both parties the new home of Saccone , but in the new PA there is no challenger: No Republicans filed to run in the 18th district. Way to spend that RNC cash Ms.
They got nothing on Trump from a legal standpoint. But they will try to drive him out by turning the voters against him. What's up with this floozy Stormy Daniels' massively dilated pupils during her 60 Minutes interview?
Dilated pupils when large amounts are taken , dry mouth and nose, bad breath, frequent licking of lips, excessive activity, fidgety, difficulty sitting still, lack of interest in food or sleep. The person is irritable, argumentative, nervous. Can be very talkative, but conversation lacks continuity, changes subjects rapidly.
Could have constant runny noses, cold and nasal problems and nose bleeds. Use or possession of small spoons, razor blades, mirrors, little bottles of white powder and plastic, glass or metal straws. Forget the dry mouth, look at those pupils! I admit, I tuned in, and my jaw dropped when I saw those pupils.
Drug addict…blown out pupils but still speaks clearly…addict. Her dialogue seems to impart that she continued with the fitness class instead of getting back into thevsafety of her car and going to a police department to ensure the protection of her child. Relax, smile and get a great night's sleep. The construction of Trump's wall begins in the morning! HowieCarrShow just wrote a book which everyone is talking about. He was a great help. He is a veteran journalist who had a great influence in NH and beyond.
He calls it the most amazing political campaign of modern times. Trump realDonaldTrump March 26, Stormy… That was it? If that disc has anything on it why withhold it? Denies she just wanted the money. And, as I commented above, it seemed like she continued on and went to the fitness class. Should have hopped back in the car and driven away…to the police station, home, anywhere…. California attorney general announces the state will sue the Trump administration over added census question https: Everyone, go out and vote is right!
You are commenting using your WordPress. You are commenting using your Twitter account. You are commenting using your Facebook account. Notify me of new comments via email. Notify me of new posts via email. Please use this thread to post anything relating to the Donald Trump Administration and Presidency. This entry was posted in Uncategorized. March 25, at 6: Now I hate illegals even more. March 25, at 8: Locusts are migrants Like Liked by 1 person.
One is too many! I would say that he is a malignant narcissist. I would say he is a puss-filled crapweasel. ForGod… you really have got to work on expressing yourself! I get what you are saying, but look up malignant narcissist. It fits him, trust me.: March 25, at 7: Dare I gleam from that rejoinder, an absence of enamor for the booger eating, crackhead moron? March 25, at How much do you think is available??? March 25, at 9: And Gunny and Wheatie made it to another video….
I think it may be true, but like you said who cares. Many great politicians were adulterers. Obama probably hooked up with some dudes. I would believe that one—bet he did some things with his new security. Looks like BS to me. Anderson cooper, what a sanctimonous tool. F him and the gerbel he rode in on. Osmond doubts that Hubbard would have been associated with such a project "not particularly on humanitarian grounds, but on the grounds that it was bad technique. The researcher would reveal only that Al Hubbard's name "appeared in connection with Gottlieb and White , but the material is heavily redacted.
Since Harry always argued that psychology would eventually prove what religion already knew, why bother with psychology at all? The movement believed psychology could help people toward religion, and religion could help them psychologically. A physician participating in a seminar wrote that he had learned that psychiatry taught, "To be happy you must be properly oriented to your environment and totally integrated, so that every action is a productive one leading to full potentiality.
Freudian psychology, which defined religious belief as neurotic, was an example of the first danger. Harry believed that "Freudian psychology leads to a mechanistic view of the universe and to a philosophy of meaninglessness. Eisner had been a student of Harry's in the business law course. She had attended a Records study group at the Rathbuns' home in and was at the first Sequoia Seminar in She had gone on to earn a Ph.
A parenthetical comment near the beginning of the notes indicate that there were "several sessions during which Seminar participants verbalized their 'seventh veil' matter, their inmost blocks to further growth and progress on the Way. When she told the participants, "nothing that has been said is a surprise, at least to me," she was repeating language she had used to describe her Buchmanite experience.
Emilia assured the group that they became more lovable when they opened up and admitted their "inmost natures and problems," and explained that it was all part of the process of discovering what they could be so that they could see where they were and how they could move toward what God intended them to be. In Emilia and Betty Eisner were coleaders of a group that wrote spontaneously on themes suggested by Emilia, "trying to express their own feelings rather than intellectual concepts.
We are learning how such activities can contribute to the process of individual change with which we are concerned. The most explicit was a seminar entitled "Group Therapy" led by Betty Eisner.
It was described as "an intensive group therapy situation and will be conducted on a very personal level aimed at removing barriers within the individual which obstruct his growth in creative living. The use of art materials will play an important role. The announcement letter for the seminar season cautioned potential participants that the leaders were "neither qualified nor intended to perform the function of psychotherapy," and they would not accept anybody who seemed more interested in that than in pursuing a religious life.
About the same time, a handwritten memo from Emilia asked if people should not be "well grounded in the teachings of Jesus and have made the decision to follow the 'way' before they are enrolled in any group which has as its objective the process of introspection therapy.
Although nobody knew it at the time, Sequoia Seminar was one of a stream of sources for what would become the "human potential" movement of the s. Their stress of religious values kept them from total involvement, but for several years in the late s they were the place where some of the California activists in the human potential movement got their start.
One was Del Carlson. Carlson was a Marine Corps veteran who had been attracted to a Records study group at San Jose State College in and who had participated actively in Students Concerned. He stayed with the movement after the demise of Students Concerned and was, for a dozen years, one of the mainstays of the group. A high school art teacher, he had his summers free and devoted them to Sequoia Seminar. He was the group's registrar, business manager, and leader of art therapy sessions until Carlson was also a friend of Michael Murphy, the man who founded Esalen.
In fact, Carlson was a coleader of the first formal seminar ever held at Esalen in , when it was still called Slate's Hot Springs. Even more important, both to Sequoia Seminar and the human potential movement, was Willis Harman. An engineering professor at Stanford, Harman had attended a study group led by Harry [Rathbun] and then had gone to a Sequoia Seminar in He had not expected the heavy emphasis on meditation, introspection, and self-exposure, but he found that his engineer's rational world view was "permanently destroyed" as a result of his experience there.
He embarked on an extended period of self-education in mysticism and psychic phenomena and moved into the inner circle of Sequoia Seminar. On November 16, , eight of the Sequoia Seminar leadership group accompanied Harman to the home of a physician member of the movement, where Harman took LSD for the first time [Interesting Harman in another interview says ].
In subsequent years almost every member of the Sequoia Seminar inner leadership group experimented with LSD on a number of occasions. Many of the drug sessions were led by Betty Eisner who was very interested in the psychotherapeutic possibilities of low doses of the then legal hallucinogen.
She and Harman disagreed strongly, however, on how the drug should be used since he [Harman] preferred larger doses that would provide the user with mystical experiences , rather than the milder effects that Eisner sought.
It was never distributed to anyone other than group leaders, and their sessions were carefully planned and supervised, usually with the presence of one of the planning group members who was a medical doctor. There appear to have been few if any "bad trips," and the drug-induced mystical experiences and psychotherapeutic sessions are usually remembered positively by those who partook of them. Experimentation with LSD stopped after because most of those involved felt there was nothing more to be gained from continued use and perhaps also because of a difficult confrontation between Emilia Rathbun and Betty Eisner that may have involved the use of the drug.
Those, like Harman, who wished to pursue further interests in the drug left Sequoia Seminar and became active in other groups such as Esalen and the International Foundation for Internal Freedom. Sharman by the end of the decade is illustrated by the controversy that surrounded the last meeting of the trustees of the Sharman will in Harry was not only one of the trustees of the self-liquidating foundation set up by the will; he was also its executor.
In plans were made to dispose of the last twenty-five thousand dollars of the funds from Sharman's estate , and Harry apparently hoped that the bulk of the money could go to Sequoia Seminar. To convince the others that his group met the intention of the will, Harry invited them out to California for a seminar.
Word of the psychological emphasis had spread, and those who toed the orthodox Sharman line were not pleased with what they had heard.
One trustee reported that a number of students of his had gone to Stanford and had reported back unfavorably on the Rathbuns' work. Another summed up his objections by telling Harry that he believed Sequoia Seminar was "quite different from those led by Dr. Very little serious study of the Records themselves seems to be attempted and much time is devoted to the personal problems of the individual members. Training and skill in psychology and psychiatry seem to be very important.
This domination could have made the group an ongoing force within the new human potential movement in California. That course was not followed, however, because in the period between and Emilia underwent a number of severe personal strains that eventually climaxed in a religious revelation.
This revelation was the basis for a reclarification of the whole meaning and purpose of the movement. The psychologizing that Emilia had first questioned back in the early s when it was led by Elizabeth Boyden had slowly worked its way into her own group, and by the end of the decade it threatened to eclipse the religious work completely. The philosophy that had evolved was based in part on the validity of psychology as a means for personal insight, but it also used the evolutionary and mystical theories of Gerald Heard , and always the objective study of the life of Jesus in the Sharman tradition.
Emilia's personal crisis of the period after would have the effect of redressing the balance and putting psychology back into a secondary role. Psychology would be exchanged for a new interpretation of the religious message that would finally move Sequoia Seminar from proto-sect to a fully self-conscious religious movement.
The increasing stress on psychology toward the end of the s, and the growing formalization of ideology, were both indications that the group was moving away from the churches both literally and theoretically and toward the sect end of the church-sect continuum. The codification of the movement's ideology decreased the likelihood that they would change to go along with trends in the larger society.
The focus on psychology was perceived by members as a "service," exactly the kind of service predicted by the economic model as compensation for the increased cost of sect membership. The transition was not yet complete. The most obvious component of a sect is its divergence from standard church values.
It is that divergence that makes membership so costly. At the end of the s, Sequoia Seminar was still primarily a gospel study group that could operate from within the churches. There were signs of uniqueness beginning to appear, but they would not be fully embraced until after Emilia had her vision of a New Religion for the Third Age. Eisner worked with LSD, mescaline, amphetamine, ketamine, Ritalin, and carbogen with her patients, both in individual and group settings. Some of the sessions she facilitated in group settings included "encounter group"-style expression, experimental combinations of psychoactive drugs and body work.
She conducted important early research into the the use of LSD to treat alcoholism, notably with colleague Sidney Cohen. Her publications and personal correspondence are archived at Stanford University. In addition to using hallucinogens like LSD and mescaline in psychedelic therapy, Eisner also gave stimulants such as methylphenidate and the inhaled gas mixture carbogen to her patients.
Until much more is known about the personal biochemical and psychological , familial, and social factors that contribute to alcoholism, so it will remain. Most new therapies are merely adjunctive to AA and will continue to be so until it is shown that they have therapeutic value when used alone.
In my view, psychedelic therapy is best used as a preparation for AA. Bob founded AA, alcoholism had not been accepted as a disease, either by society at large or by the medical profession.
Society considered it a moral problem, but found itself confronted with an interesting dilemma, for only a small proportion of the total drinking society drank excessively. No moral sanctions were required for the majority, who eventually made social drinking an integral part of the culture. The majority who remained moral drinkers could not understand why a minority became intemperate or alcoholic.
Moral sanctions were applied on the premise that excessive drinking arose from defects of character, defects of will, and defects in society. These sanctions included education, persuasion, incarceration, and banishment.
Unfortunately, the most stringent measures had little permanent effect, and the proportion of the drinking society a concept developed by Dr.
Osmond remained the same or increased. Medicine also considered alcoholism a non-disease. The founders of AA introduced the medical model first to alcoholics, later to society, and finally to the medical profession.
This concept was very appealing to alcoholics because it gave them a satisfactory explanation for their misfortunes. If they were sick and not evil, then they might expect the same sort of treatment they would receive if they developed pneumonia or diabetes. Bob also introduced the concept of allergy, which thirty-five years ago was incorporated into medicine as a new group of diseases.
It also carried strong personal responsibility. An alcoholic could not be censured for being an alcoholic, but he could be for doing nothing about it. Society resisted the idea that alcoholics are sick, since it got no guidance from a reluctant medical profession.
Doctors expect diseases to be more or less definable, to have treatment that may be ineffective but must be in common use, and to have a predictable prognosis. When they became convinced that AA did help large numbers of alcoholics remain sober, they gradually accepted alcoholics as patients. Even now, the majority of hospitals are extremely reluctant to admit alcoholics who are drunk, and many doctors dread seeing them in their offices.
Eventually AA forced the profession to accept the fact that alcoholism, which has been estimated to afflict 5 per cent of the population, is a disease. This marked the beginning of the final solution to the problem. For, having accepted the disease concept, doctors were challenged by the enormous problems, and, in a matter of a few years, several major therapeutic discoveries were made. The newer adjunctive therapies developed for alcoholism may be divided into the psychological and the biochemical.
Psychotherapy, deconditioning therapy, and psychedelic therapy are examples of purely psychological therapy, while sugar-free diets for relative hypoglycemia, mega vitamin B3, megascorbic acid, and adrenocortical extracts or extracts of licorice are examples of pure chemotherapies.
Psychedelic therapy is the only therapy that has prepared alcoholics to become responsible members of AA, when previously they had been unable to do so. Failure to understand this distinction has led to several futile researches, best exemplified by the study of Smart and Storm , which was widely circulated in an extreme form before publication of the watered-down version.
Psychedelic therapy refers to a form of psychotherapy in which hallucinogenic drugs are used in a particular way to facilitate the final goal, which for alcoholics is sobriety. The drugs may be mescaline, LSD, psilocybin, and many others, as well as combinations. It is therefore trivial to test the effect of LSD or other hallucinogens on alcoholics in such a way that there is no psychedelic reaction.
In fact, these trivial experiences have led to trivial data, as reported by Smart et al. Close examination of their report shows that no therapy was given, nor was there any encouragement of discussion of problems. The experience was not psychedelic, but was more in the nature of an inquisition, with the subject strapped to the bed, pretreated with dilantin , and ill from mcg of LSD. Since no investigator has ever claimed that LSD used in this way does have any therapeutic effect, this experiment suggests that LSD used with no therapeutic intent or skill is not apt to help.
One of the subjects given LSD by Smart et al. The experiences and the outcome were quite different. Psychedelic therapy aims to create a set and a setting that will allow proper psychotherapy. The psychedelic therapist works with material that the patient experiences and discusses, and helps him resynthesize a new model of life or a new personal philosophy.
During the experience, the patient draws upon information flooding in from the altered environment and from his own past, and uses it to eliminate false ideas and false memories.
With the aid of the therapist, he evaluates himself more objectively and becomes more acutely aware of his own responsibility for his situation and, even more important, for doing something about it.
He also becomes aware of inner strengths or qualities that help him in his long and difficult struggle toward sobriety. Abramson , contains the best collection of scientific papers on psychedelic therapy. There was a marked similarity between these reactions and schizophrenia and the toxic psychoses. Delirium tremens is one of the common toxic states. It occurred to us that LSD might be used to produce models of dt's. Many alcoholics ascribed the beginning of their recovery to "hitting bottom," and often "hitting bottom" meant having had a particularly memorable attack of dt's.
We thought that LSD could be used this way with no risk to the patient. We treated our first two alcoholics at the Saskatchewan Hospital , Weyburn, Saskatchewan, and one recovered. Other early pilot studies were encouraging, and we increased the tempo of our research until at one time six of our major psychiatric centers in Saskatchewan were using it. As of now, we must have treated close to one thousand alcoholics.
Within a few years after our first patients were treated, we became aware that a large proportion of our alcoholics did not have psychotomimetic reactions. Their experiences were exciting and pleasant, and yielded insight into their drinking problems.
It became evident that a new phenomenon had been recognized in psychiatry. Osmond created the word psychedelic to define these experiences, and announced this at a meeting of the New York Academy of Sciences in Following this, our researches were aimed at improving the quality and quantity of psychedelic reactions. Within the past ten years, major studies, under the direction of Dr. Unger at Spring Grove State Hospital, Baltimore, Maryland, have added materially to our knowledge of the effect of psychedelic therapy on alcoholism.
I will not review the results of psychedelic therapy in detail. This has been done in the books edited by H. Abramson and in The Hallucinogens by A. The one striking conclusion is that every scientist using psychedelic therapy with alcoholics found the same proportion of recoveries.
Whether the experiments were considered controlled or not, about 50 per cent were able to remain sober or to drink much less. This seems to be a universal statistic for LSD therapy. Walter Alvarez recently told me that when he wrote a paper on food allergies at the Mayo Clinic about fifty years ago, he was severely criticized by his colleagues.
Only strong support from one of the Mayos, who discovered that he himself had a food allergy, protected Alvarez from even-more-powerful assault. Medicine seems very reluctant to take unto itself new diseases. The most common is paper blotter.
Other forms include gell caps, liquid, and gelatin. Each form will contain different quantities and purities of lysergic acid diethylamide.
The chart below shows dosages for pure LSD measured in micrograms ug. His father was a local merchant, and the family was prominent locally. Myron graduated first in his class both from his high school and from the local military junior college. He was a student at Stanford when David Packard and Bill Hewlett came back to campus to show off their first commercial oscillator. Near the end of the Second World War, he received an engineering degree and took a job working as the first employee of Alexander M.
Poni-atoff at a small electric-motor company in Belmont, California. He began as a design engineer and later helped Poniatoff prototype the first magnetic reel-to-reel tape recorder , which launched the company that took its name from Poniatoff's initials plus "ex" for excellence.
Ampex Electric and Manufacturing had been founded in San Carlos after Poniatoff had begun looking for new applications for his high-quality motors. Ampex is no longer a factor in Silicon Valley and today is remembered largely because its corporate logo is still prominently visible on Highway , the freeway that slices through the heart of the Valley.
Of course, none of that was apparent from what was nothing more than an invitation to attend a lecture being given by Harry Rathbun , a professor of business law at Stanford.
Rathbun was a charismatic teacher who was tremendously popular on campus, where he lectured to overflow classes on subjects that included discussions of personal ethics and values. Rathbun's presentation was given in a small library in South Palo Alto, and it struck Stolaroff "between the eyes. Stolaroff was transported, realizing that his life had been hollow and that the questions Rathbun was asking and answering mesmerized him.
As it turned out, Rathbun's own life had been transformed when he and his wife, Emilia, attended a wilderness retreat led by Henry B. Sharman , a wealthy retired Canadian. Sharman had written a book entitled Jesus as Teacher , which probed the historical records surrounding the New Testament.
After returning to Stanford, the Rathbuns began conducting study groups for Stanford students in their home on the teachings of Christ. The sessions were later expanded to include a two-week retreat at a center that was established in the mountains about forty miles southwest of campus near the sleepy beach town of Santa Cruz.
They became known as the Sequoia Seminars and ultimately, in the s, spun off a series of cultlike groups including the Creative Initiative Foundation, Beyond War, and Women to Women Building the Earth for the Children's Sake that attracted a broad, largely upper-middle-class following. In many cases, people who joined them sold their homes and personal belongings and dedicated their lives completely to these groups.
However, long before the s, the Sequoia Seminars had a less well known but more dramatic and far-reaching consequence, in their immediate impact on Myron Stolaroff. Although he had been angered by Harry Rathbun's sneaky trick of guiding him to the phi-losophy of Jesus, Stolaroff remained intrigued by Rathbun's ideas.
The following year, he decided to set aside his anti-Jesus bias and his concern about what was happening to Jews around the world in the name of Jesus and attend a longer set of discussion groups led by the Rathbuns. At the seminar, Stolaroff became a convert. By the time it was over, he felt that he had experienced true love for others for the first time in his life and become a believer in "the power of the message" of Jesus. It was during one of his visits in that Heard spoke enthusiastically to Stolaroff about a new drug called LSD.
The very idea shocked the young engineer, who couldn't figure out why a world-famous mystic would need to take a drug. With two passports and with a murky history of connections to both law enforcement and intelligence agencies, Al Hubbard was without question one of the most curious characters in America during the s and s.
There are conflicting accounts of Hubbard's life, but the best summary of his early years appears in Jay Stevens's Storming Heaven: LSD and the American Dream. Born in Kentucky, Hubbard surfaced publicly in Seattle in with the invention of a perpetual-motion machine. And there was an intimation that he had had some loose affiliation with the Manhattan Project as a black-market supplier of uranium. Even after Stolaroff had come to know Hubbard well, he wasn't certain where the truth lay.
But he soon fell under Hubbard's spell, viewing him as an especially powerful and articulate individual. Hubbard is intriguing in part because while most popular accounts of the introduction of LSD in America focus on the roles played by author Ken Kesey and psychologist Timothy Leary, Hubbard was an earlier proponent, and an important influence in the use of psychedelics by a number of Silicon Valley's pioneering engineers.
He found LSD in , and in addition to Huxley, Heard, and perhaps more than one thousand others during the s, he introduced the drug to Stolaroff and indirectly to a small group of engineers who formed a splinter group from the Rathbuns' Sequoia Seminar. He had decided that experiences like the one he had had in Canada were the answer to the world's problems. LSD would give society a new set of powerful tools to advance human development.
Like Engelbart, Stolaroff set off on his own grand quest to augment the human mind. His first stop was his closest friends at the Sequoia Seminar , where he had become a member of the group's planning committee. He introduced them to LSD in turn and created an informal research group composed of five fellow engineers and their wives. Stolaroff's study group set in motion an unheralded but significant train of events, plunging a small group of technologists into the world of psychedelics almost a decade before LSD became a standard recreational drug on American college campuses.
Fadiman had gone to Harvard and studied social relations. He soon came to consider the field as psychology without rats, and he had instead focused his energy on being an actor. After graduating in , he spent a year in Paris, and while he was there Timothy Leary and Richard Alpert along with Aldous Huxley passed through on their way to deliver an academic paper on psychedelics in Copenhagen.
In Paris, Alpert, who had been Fadiman's professor at Harvard , told him, "The greatest thing in the world has happened to me, and I want to share it with you.
Forced back to America by the threat of the draft, Fadiman moved to California a year later and arrived at Stanford as a distinctly unhappy graduate student in He was feeling that school was a waste of his life, which he would have rather spent in more cultured Augmentation Europe. Moreover, having recently been introduced to psychedelic drugs, the world suddenly seemed like a much different place.
Full of self-pity, he began leafing through the Stanford class catalog looking for something that might be interesting to study. In his new, more highly attuned state, Fadiman thought to himself, There's something here.
That morning, he walked across campus to visit Harman. The man to whom he introduced himself looked like a totally straight and conservative engineering professor, and when Fadiman asked if he could take the interdisciplinary course, Harman replied that it was already full for the quarter, and perhaps he should think about it for the next quarter.
The professor walked across the room, shut his office door, and said, "We'd better talk. He was able to talk to the students about things that Harman felt he couldn't. He also soon became the youngest researcher at the newly founded International Foundation for Advanced Study, Myron Sto-laroff's project for continuing his research on the uses of LSD. Experiments were already being conducted at the Veterans' Administration Hospital in Menlo Park, and the Palo Alto Mental Research Institute had also begun introducing local psychiatrists and psychologists, and even writers such as Allen Ginsberg, to psychedelic drugs.
Engineers rather than medical professionals led the project, and the clinic was intent on charging a five-hundred-dollar fee for each experience. An early local newspaper report described the foundation's goals as being "partly medical, partly scientific, partly philosophical, partly mystical.
They worked with several psychologists, including Fadiman , as well as the mysterious Al Hubbard, who was a mentor to both Harman and Stolaroff and who became a member of the board of directors.
Fadiman, who soon was teaching at San Francisco State, finished his Ph. The foundation was not far from Roy Kepler's bookstore and a short walk from the hole-in-the-wall store where the Midpeninsula Free University store and print shop were to locate in the mid-sixties. About a mile away from the truck store, the original People's Computer Company settled and in turn was the catalyst for the Homebrew Computer Club in the mids. The club itself served to ignite the personal-computer industry.
Most of the Bay Area was comfortably oblivious. Beginning in , for a period of more than four years, the International Foundation for Advanced Study led more than people through LSD experiences. Among the participants were Dr. Charles Savage, a physician who had conducted medical experiments for the U. Navy in the early s, exploring the use of psychedelics as a truth serum , In his hunt for subjects for the foundation's creativity studies, Fadiman called George Leonard, a California-based editor for Look.
The magazine was at work on a special issue entitled "California: A New Game with New Rules. However, the June 28,, edition of Look introduced the rest of the world to the social and cultural changes that were ripping through California. On the cover was a photo of Jim and Dorothy Fadiman, locked in a deep embrace amid a field of California poppies.
A backlash was inevitable. Fadiman continued to oversee the LSD creativity research with scientists and engineers, until one day, while he was at the office with a group of four scientists lying on the floor listening to music in preparation for work on their technical problems while under a low dose of LSD, he opened an official-looking letter from the Food and Drug Administration.
He knew what was coming. It was July , and the government was looking for ways to show that it was acting to stop teenage drug use. The letter was an order to immediately stop the foundation's research. Fadiman turned to his colleagues and said, "I think we opened this letter tomorrow. In and , LSD was seeping out of an isolated bohemian niche and into the mainstream of America.
It would even permeate SRI, the largely military funded research center that sat just blocks away from offices of the foundation and the Whole Earth Truck Store. She co-founded the Sequoia Seminar, an organization promoting nonviolent conflict resolution. The organization was a forerunner of the Foundation for Global Community. Stolaroff, the former Ampex executive, noted in that LSD was the most important invention of the last 1, years.
No intelligent well-informed person would disagree. Berkeley was world headquarters for LSD, a substance which the government conservatively estimates more than 90 million people have taken. In a ranking DEA official, Gene Haislip, stated that the entire global supply was controlled by a group of approximately people in the bay area. Mullis famously attributes his invention to the fact that he took LSD in Berkeley. The waitress at the Buttercup was Suze Orman , who went on to become the bestselling financial author.
She was frequently annoyed at the 2 customers, Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak , who were poor and tried to get free coffee. The reason, of course, was Leary's advocacy of LSD. In the words of a popular song from that time "San Francisco [be sure to wear some flowers in your hair]" by Scott Mckenzie, To produce 5- to million hit of any other psychedelic, you would have to have the resources of Upjohn Corporation. I mean it's an industrial scale undertaking. Because LSD is active in the microgram range, it is unique in that you're not simply able to get your neighborhood or your campus high, you are a political force at the national level.
If you're sitting on to million hits of LSD, you have a gun poised at the head of the establishment, and they react to it that way. You have some strong ties to the Bay Area; tell us about them. In , I came to Berkeley from Illinois and slept in my van on Hearst Avenue for four months while I worked in the hills for a tree service helping cut down eucalyptus trees. E-mail Carolyn Said at csaid sfchronicle.
C San Francisco Chronicle http: Gobind Khorana that allows the amplification of specific DNA sequences. Mullis earned a Bachelor of Science degree in chemistry from the Georgia Institute of Technology in Atlanta in , during which time he got married and started a business.
After receiving his PhD, Mullis left science to write fiction, but quit and became a biochemist at a medical school in Kansas City. A lot of people were doing that in Berkeley back then.
And I found it to be a mind-opening experience. It was certainly much more important than any courses I ever took. I seriously doubt it. California Monthly Berkeley, CA: California Alumni Association 1: Yesterday a Hillary operative ate his words faster than a stoner gobbling a smoldering roach when the fuzz kicks in the door.
Did you ever give drugs to anyone? Did you sell them to anyone? She wants no discussion of youthful drug experiments. Reasons that go back to the Clintons' Berkeley Summer of Love in -- if not before. Reasons that I know well because I was in Berkeley in that summer of I was living about four blocks away from where Bill and Hillary were, in the parlance of the time, "shacked up. I know what went down. It was non-stop sex, drugs, rock and roll, and activism. And while I don't remember everything, I remember a lot.
More than I should given the quantity, quality, and diversity of the drugs that were on the scene, on the street, and in the bodies of all of us at the time in that place. Of course, Mr Gerstein makes no accusations of drug use by the young, hip and activist couple Hillary was clerking for the radical Treuhaft law firm in nearby Oakland.
Bill gave up a summer of working for George McGovern to be with her. Instead, he's dug up some charming details of two young politico-hippies in love in the town that was the town to be in if you were young hippies in love in The new couple quickly became quite domestic.
Bowing to her future husband's Arkansas roots, Mrs. Clinton baked him a peach pie. The pair also "produced a palatable chicken curry for any and all occasions we hosted," Mrs.
Clinton clerked at the Treuhaft firm in nearby Oakland, Mr. Clinton plowed through books, explored Berkeley shops, and scouted out San Francisco restaurants. According to the future senator, the pair also kindled their romance on long walks where Mr. Clinton occasionally used his southern twang to regale her with Elvis Presley tunes.
One night in July, the couple drove down to Stanford to listen to an outdoor concert by Joan Baez. I know because I was part of the People's Park riots of Shotguns, death, helicopters spewing gas.
The whole stupid shebang that left one man dead. Our own mini Kent State. I was also around for the Free Speech Movement of By I'd been around Berkeley and the Bay Area for some time.
And I was there, living in a house on corner of Fulton and Ward streets not more than four blocks from the Derby Street apartment. If the Clintons ventured outside onto Telegraph Avenue at all we would have passed each other on the street, skulked around Cody's books, and had cappuccino at the Med. On this you can bet your stash of primo Afghan hash.
The Green House, today. My apartment, below right. Acid factory, above right The other thing you can bet the stash on about the Clintons in that summer of in Berkeley is that they were stoned, loaded, blasted, wasted, high as a kite, and just plain baked. At the very least. Assuming that pot and hashish was as far as it went. And it did not for many in that summer, I assure you, stop at that. Other drugs that were around for the asking and used frequently were LSD and cocaine.
Heroin too, but I never saw it. It was on the down low, the QT, very hush-hush and you usually had to go to Oakland to score it.
In the house I lived in at the time, there were four apartments. Two in front and two in the rear. I lived in the downstairs front. Above me lived a couple, Ben and Carol. Carol was great at sewing and macrame. Ben was great at making tablets of Lysergic Acid.
Indeed, at the time Ben was one of the main suppliers for the bay area. Every so often Ben would go off somewhere and come back with a trunk which he and a partner would haul up the stairs and into the apartment above us. Yes, like the Clintons I too was shacking up with what we referred to at the time as "my old lady. About one every three seconds or so. Ben had mixed up his LSD and was running the preparation through the pill press. After a long night of this, Ben and Carol and his partner would emerge from the apart, stoned as poleaxed penguins from the high you got by working around LSD in a less than controlled environment.
Bags of small pills in blue or red or whatever color he'd decided on would remain behind to be shuffled out to the Hells Angels or whomever Ben had doing his distribution.
You didn't ask about that. It was his business and Ben was the first person I ever knew to keep a number of guns lying around.
And that was the LSD scene in Berkeley at the time. The pot scene was even looser and more available. It wasn't a question of who on the streets of Berkley was baked. It was a question of who wasn't. If you read the Sun article it is clear that there's more investigative reporting to be done on the question of the Clintons' summer of love. But there are a few hints.
The pair also "produced a palatable chicken curry for any and all occasions we hosted. L'11 settembre Trump ha annunciato di essere rimasto il solo proprietario del concorso di Miss Universo avendo acquisito le quote della NBC  . E va bene allora The Art of the Deal scritto da Trump stesso con la collaborazione di Tony Schwartz , per scopi caritatevoli e umanitari. Nel la fondazione ha raccolto Nel il Washington Post ha iniziato a scrivere che il denaro della fondazione sarebbe potuto provenire da potenziali violazioni della legge dell'etica, come l'autofinanziamento e l'evasione fiscale.
Foster come suo vice. Trump ha comunque sempre contribuito alle campagne presidenziali repubblicane o democratiche a seconda dei periodi e delle affiliazioni del momento, appoggiando sei presidenti democratici e quattro repubblicani. Nella puntata del 17 settembre del Larry King Live Trump ha ufficialmente dato il suo appoggio al senatore repubblicano John McCain in occasione delle presidenziali del Il 16 maggio Trump ha annunciato che non si sarebbe offerto per la candidatura repubblicana nelle elezioni americane del , "non essendo pronto a lasciare il settore privato", mentre pare che la decisione sia stata presa a seguito di un clamoroso flop nei sondaggi: Hillary Clinton aveva avuto un significativo vantaggio nei sondaggi nazionali e nella maggior parte dell'anno Ai primi di luglio, l'avanzata di Hillary Clinton scese nei sondaggi nazionali a causa dell'annunciata riapertura delle indagini da parte dell'FBI sulla controversia riguardante l'uso della posta elettronica come Segretario di Stato durante la prima Presidenza di Barack Obama.
Il Direttore dell'FBI James Comey, ha concluso che Hillary Clinton aveva avuto una "grave colpa" nella gestione dei documenti, classificati come governativi.
Dopo che Trump ha vinto la nomination presidenziale del Partito Repubblicano, gli storici Fredrik Logevall e Kenneth Osgood hanno osservato che "non passa giorno senza che alcuni giornalisti confrontino Donald J.
Il 15 luglio Trump ha annunciato che il governatore dell'Indiana, Mike Pence sarebbe stato il candidato alla vice-presidenza degli Stati Uniti: Trump e Pence sono stati ufficialmente nominati dal partito repubblicano il 19 luglio nella Convention Nazionale Repubblicana.
L'elenco dei relatori e partecipanti al convegno comprendeva l'ex candidato presidenziale Bob Dole, ma altri candidati nominati in precedenza non hanno partecipato al convegno, anche se John McCain aveva sostenuto Trump prima della Convention. Due giorni dopo, Trump ha accettato ufficialmente la candidatura in un discorso di 76 minuti ispirato al discorso di Richard Nixon del , nel quale Nixon accettava la candidatura presidenziale.
In accordo ottemperanza alle regole della FEC per i candidati presidenziali, Trump ha pubblicato nel un documento di 92 pagine sulla sua posizione finanziaria, patrimoniale, debitoria e sulle sue fonti di reddito e cariche aziendali.
I discorsi iniziali in questo dibattito hanno visto prevalere Trump con il record di commenti indecenti sulle donne vedi sotto e contro le accuse mosse sugli scandali sessuali di Bill Clinton. Prima di questo dibattito Trump ha tenuto una conferenza stampa alla quale sono stati invitate quattro donne, che hanno accusato l'ex presidente Bill Clinton di molestie sessuali.
Il rifiuto di Trump di dire se, in caso di sconfitta, avrebbe accettato il risultato delle elezioni presidenziali ha attirato l'attenzione da parte dei media. Nei giorni immediatamente precedenti il secondo dibattito televisivo fra Trump e Hillary Clinton, il quotidiano The Washington Post ha ottenuto e pubblicato una registrazione del in cui Trump, prima di girare una puntata del programma televisivo Access Hollywood , si vantava in termini scurrili con l'allora co-conduttore dello show , Billy Bush , di aver baciato e toccato delle donne senza il loro consenso e di aver sedotto donne sposate.
L'incidente ha portato prima a chiedere le scuse pubblicamente durante la sua campagna   e ha suscitato indignazione in tutto l'ambiente politico,  .
Come replica, Trump ha a sua volta accusato Bill Clinton , ex presidente degli Stati Uniti e marito della sua rivale democratica, di aver commesso violenze sessuali; alcune delle vittime di questi presunti abusi hanno accettato di essere intervistate accanto a Trump, in una conferenza stampa di poche ore precedente il dibattito televisivo. Clapper, ha rilasciato una dichiarazione congiunta in data 7 ottobre sull'influenza russa nelle elezioni presidenziali del negli Stati Uniti.
Il 9 dicembre , alti funzionari dell'amministrazione Obama hanno affermato che la Russia ha fornito al sito WikiLeaks migliaia di messaggi di posta elettronica violati dal Comitato Nazionale Democratico DNC sulla campagna di Hillary Clinton, al fine di influenzare il risultato delle elezioni. L'FBI ha poi confermato questa affermazione.
Trump e la sua squadra di transizione hanno respinto le accuse e detto: Il 15 dicembre , il portavoce della Casa Bianca Josh Earnest ha detto che Trump sapeva che la Russia era stata coinvolta nelle elezioni per aiutare la campagna presidenziale che era in corso. Il 16 giugno Trump ha annunciato formalmente la propria candidatura alle presidenziali del con un evento a New York nella sua Trump Tower, venendo introdotto dalla figlia Ivanka: Trump ha criticato spesso gli accordi commerciali stipulati dagli Stati Uniti con altri Stati, ai quali ascrive in particolare il declino del settore manifatturiero e della perdita di posti di lavoro a vantaggio di paesi a basso costo di manodopera.
Bush nel e nel Quando i cittadini, concedendogli il loro voto, lo hanno eletto presidente in novembre, Trump ha stabilito cinque primati, concretizzati il 20 gennaio all'inizio del mandato:. La vittoria di Trump ha scatenato le proteste negli Stati Uniti e in tutto il mondo.
I democratici in fila con altri avversari di Trump sono scesi in strada per amplificare la loro opposizione alle idee di Trump e condannare le sue dichiarazioni infiammatorie. Dobbiamo marciare su Washington e porre fine a questa presa in giro. Sabato, il giorno dopo la solenne inaugurazione di Trump, ci furono manifestazioni di massa negli Stati Uniti e in tutto il mondo, dove i manifestanti hanno protestato contro Trump; un totale di circa 2. Nella sua prima settimana come presidente, Trump ha firmato sei ordini esecutivi.
Il suo primo ordine come presidente ha stabilito procedure interinali in attesa di abrogare la legge sulla protezione del paziente e la cura conveniente Obamacare. Quella stessa settimana, Trump ha ritirato gli Stati Uniti dal Partenariato Trans-Pacifico, ha riaperto i progetti di costruzione di Keystone XL e Dakota Access Pipeline e ha firmato un ordine esecutivo per iniziare la progettazione e la costruzione lungo il confine con il Messico di un muro e rafforzare la sicurezza delle frontiere.
Il 27 gennaio, il presidente Trump ha firmato un ordine esecutivo che ha sospeso l'ammissione di rifugiati per giorni e ha negato l'accesso ai cittadini dell' Iraq , Iran , Libia , Somalia , Sudan , Siria e Yemen per 90 giorni, citando preoccupazioni di sicurezza sul terrorismo. Il 6 marzo , Trump ha emesso un ordine esecutivo rivisto che, tra le altre differenze con l'ordine originale, ha esentato i cittadini iracheni, i titolari di visti e i residenti permanenti dalla sospensione temporanea e non ha differenziato i profughi siriani dai rifugiati provenienti da altri paesi.
Nel marzo e nell'aprile, Trump aveva detto a Comey che i sospetti in corso formavano una "nube" che danneggiava la sua presidenza,  e gli chiese di informare il pubblico che non era personalmente sotto inchiesta. ABC News ha successivamente segnalato che il consulente speciale stava raccogliendo informazioni preliminari su un possibile intralcio alla giustizia, ma non ha avviato un'indagine su vasta scala. La politica energetica di Trump sostiene il sostegno industriale nazionale per le fonti energetiche fossili e rinnovabili, al fine di frenare la fiducia nell'olio medio-orientale e forse trasformare gli Stati Uniti in un esportatore di energia netta.
Trump non accetta il consenso scientifico sul cambiamento climatico. Le politiche sull'immigrazione di Trump sono state discusse intensamente durante la campagna. Ha affermato che nel mirino della deportazione ci saranno i criminale, coloro che hanno superato il tempo di permanenza previsto dai loro visti e altre "minacce alla sicurezza". Alla fine di gennaio Trump ha emesso un ordine esecutivo che vieta l'ammissione di immigrati provenienti da sette paesi prevalentemente musulmani.
Ha affermato di essere impegnato nella nomina di giudici che tentano di rovesciare la sentenza di Roe v. Sostiene personalmente "il matrimonio tradizionale",   ma considera la legalizzazione nazionale del matrimonio fra persone dello stesso sesso una questione "risolta". Trump sostiene un'estensiva interpretazione del secondo emendamento e afferma di essere contrario al controllo delle armi in generale,   sebbene le sue vedute in merito siano mutate nel corso del tempo.
Come candidato Trump ha ripetutamente promesso di abrogare e sostituire l' Obamacare. Trump mira a razionalizzare il Dipartimento degli Affari dei Veterani , velocizzare le liste di attesa e aggiornare le strutture pertinenti. Trump ha dichiarato il suo sostegno alla scelta scolastica e al controllo locale per le scuole primarie e secondarie.
I suoi commenti sul salario minimo sono stati incoerenti. Trump s'identifica come un " libero commerciante ", ma dice che il commercio dev'essere "ragionevolmente giusto". Tuttavia, Trump ha sostenuto molto appassionatamente un accordo commerciale "giusto" post-Brexit con il Regno Unito ,  che Trump dice sarebbe "buono per entrambe le parti". Le prime politiche di Trump hanno favorito la deregolamentazione e l'intervento del governo federale ridotto. Durante le prime sei settimane di carica, ha abolito novanta regolamenti federali.
Il 23 gennaio , Trump ha ordinato un congelamento temporaneo di assunzioni di personale a livello governativo, che consente eccezioni, soprattutto per i posti di lavoro ritenuti vitali per motivi di sicurezza nazionale o di sicurezza pubblica. Il 24 febbraio , Trump ha ordinato alle agenzie governative di creare forze di lavoro per determinare quali norme siano considerate gravose per l'economia Usa.
Per affrontare gli stati islamici dell'Iraq e della Siria ISIS , Trump, nel , ha chiesto di sequestrare il petrolio nelle aree occupate dall'ISIS, utilizzando le forze aeree statunitensi e le truppe terrestri. Sia come candidato che come presidente, Trump ripetutamente ha dichiarato di volere un buon rapporto con la Russia. Durante la campagna e nei primi mesi della sua presidenza, Trump aveva sperato che la Cina avrebbe aiutato a frenare le ambizioni nucleari e i test missilistici della Corea del Nord,  tuttavia, la Corea del Nord ha accelerato il suo test missilistico, portando ad un aumento delle tensioni nell'aprile Trump ha risposto che se la Corea del Nord intraprendesse misure per attaccare Guam, "accadranno loro cose che non avrebbero creduto mai che sarebbero state possibili".
Nel dicembre Trump ha annunciato che non avrebbe rinnovato la sospensione semestrale dello spostamento dell'ambasciata statunitense da Tel Aviv a Gerusalemme , sospensione che i precedenti presidenti americani hanno sempre rinnovato dopo che nel il Congresso americano decise lo spostamento dell'ambasciata . Sono seguite proteste anche violente da parte dei palestinesi. Il 12 luglio , il rappresentante della California Brad Sherman ha presentato formalmente una richiesta di impeachment , secondo l'H.
Trump ha segnalato la sua intenzione di correre per un secondo mandato, depositando presso la FEC poche ore prima dell'assunzione della presidenza. Dopo alcune sue affermazioni di Trump, polemiche sugli immigrati, la NBC ha annunciato nel che il programma sarebbe continuato senza Trump, annuncio che ha avuto seguito nella realizzazione di una stagione di The New Celebrity Apprentice , con l'ex-attore ed ex-governatore della California Arnold Schwarzenegger alla conduzione.
Trump ha avuto dei camei nei seguenti film e serie televisive:. Il 16 dicembre Trump ha commentato dal suo popolare blog personale l'avvenuta condanna in primo grado della cittadina statunitense Amanda Knox a ventisei anni di reclusione per il diretto coinvolgimento nel brutale omicidio della studentessa inglese Meredith Kercher a Perugia. Trump fa parte dei cosiddetti birthers , coloro che sostengono che Barack Obama sarebbe nato in Kenya , malgrado egli sia nato a Honolulu , quindi in territorio statunitense.
La vicenda, iniziatasi nell'autunno , dopo aver diviso l'opinione pubblica statunitense in due fazioni contrapposte, ovvero i sostenitori dei birthers tra cui Trump e molti politici del Partito Repubblicano con relativi sostenitori e i loro oppositori, ha avuto conclusione il 27 aprile con la pubblicazione sul sito della Casa Bianca di un comunicato ufficiale che allegava la scansione del certificato di nascita originale di Obama, che ne ha confermato la nascita in territorio statunitense.
It's inconceivable that, after four years of questioning, the president Obama still hasn't produced his birth certificate. In questa storia il protagonista, sfrattato di casa, si rivolge a un' agenzia immobiliare che si rivela essere gestita da extraterrestri che vogliono conquistare la Terra, ma l'intervento del miliardario Trump salva la situazione in quanto diventa loro socio. In alcuni episodi del cartone animato Robotboy compare un miliardario chiamato Ronald Rump. Compare in un cameo nell'episodio finale della trasposizione anime del manga Inuyashiki .
E sapete che per anni ho avuto buone relazioni con la Chiesa. Penso che la religione sia una gran cosa. Non metto in mezzo Dio". Trump ha dichiarato che il proprio libro Trump: Trump per motivi di lavoro mantiene comunque strette relazioni anche con persone di convinzioni religiose differenti, tra cui protestanti evangelici e cristiani come Tony Perkins e Ralph E.
Nel febbraio del , durante il suo viaggio di ritorno a seguito di una visita in Messico , papa Francesco ha dichiarato quanto segue circa Trump senza tuttavia citarlo esplicitamente:. Oz Show le sue ultime analisi del sangue, esaminandole col pubblico. In seguito alla sua affermazione come uomo politico, le abitudini alimentari di Trump sono state oggetto di attenzione da parte dell'opinione pubblica.
Inoltre, le fonti giornalistiche concordano nell'indicare che Trump non svolga nessuna forma di esercizio fisico "dai tempi del college". Un'analisi condotta da USA Today , pubblicata nel giugno del , ha evidenziato come Trump e i suoi affari siano stati coinvolti in circa 3. Ross , Sam Zell e Larry Silverstein combinati insieme.
Cinquecento casi sono stati archiviati, mentre in un altro centinaio di cause le risoluzioni finali non sono state rese pubbliche. Nel un'analisi di settore predisse l'imminente fallimento del Trump Taj Mahal ; l'analista venne citato in giudizio da Trump, il quale riteneva che egli avesse avuto un ruolo determinante nel crollo dei suoi affari in quella struttura, ma la questione venne alla fine risolta fuori dalle aule del tribunale.
Nel Trump venne citato in giudizio dagli investitori dell'oggi chiuso Trump Ocean Resort Baja Mexico ;  Trump disse di essere stato un mero portavoce nella faccenda   e la sanzione venne stabilita in una cifra simbolica. Trump concesse personalmente quaranta milioni di dollari per garantire un prestito di seicentoquaranta milioni di dollari per la Trump International Hotel and Tower a Chicago. Nel luglio del Trump ha citato in giudizio l'ex Miss Pennsylvania Sheena Monnin , dopo che questa aveva pubblicamente sostenuto che il concorso di Miss USA era stato truccato.
Nel il partito dei democratici ha citato in giudizio Trump accusandolo d'intimidire i votanti. L'Ohio Democratic Party ha scritto in una nota legale: Non ho nulla contro Donald e gli auguro il meglio per la sua campagna elettorale.
Penso incidentalmente, che sarebbe un ottimo presidente". Nel il Daily Mail ha pubblicato un articolo che, citando una ricerca russa, attribuirebbe a Donald Trump una parentela matrilineare da Rjurik , semileggendario condottiero variago , capostipite della dinastia rjurikide.
Trump, in the interviews, said he believed he could have been subject to another physical exam to check on his bone spurs, had his draft number been called. The Forbes figure was high enough to put Trump in a tie at No. Da Wikipedia, l'enciclopedia libera. URL consultato il 10 novembre URL consultato il 18 settembre URL consultato il 5 gennaio Clinton tace ma gli concede la vittoria , in Corriere della Sera , 9 novembre URL consultato il 9 novembre URL consultato il 17 dicembre URL consultato il 7 dicembre URL consultato il 31 maggio archiviato il 9 aprile URL consultato il 24 luglio URL consultato il 12 maggio URL consultato il 3 settembre URL consultato il 2 maggio URL consultato il 17 gennaio URL consultato il 22 maggio URL consultato il 27 febbraio URL consultato il 9 aprile URL consultato l'8 settembre Master Apprentice , Simon and Schuster, , pp.
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