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The Workhouse in Preston, Lancashire

Chittenden, New Haven Dr. Coley, New York Dr. Owen Copp, Philadelphia Dr. Dana, New York Dr. Favill, Chicago Katherine S. Hadley, New Haven Henry L. August Hoch, New York Mrs. Stewart Paton, Princeton Francis G. Rhett, New York Jacob A. Riis, New York Dr. Russell, White Plains, N. Jacob Gould Schurman, Ithaca Dr. Stone, New York Sherman D. Henry van Dyke, D. To work for the protection of the mental health of the public; to help raise the standard of care for those threatened with mental disorder or actually ill; to promote the study of mental disorders in all their forms and relations and to disseminate knowledge concern- ing their causes, treatment and prevention; to obtain from every source reliable data regarding conditions and methods of dealing with mental disorders; to enlist the aid of the Federal Government so far as may seem desirable; to coordinate existing agencies and help organize in each State in the Union an allied, but independent Society for Mental Hygiene, similar to the existing Connecticut Society for Mental Hygiene, Inquiries regarding the work and requests for publications issued or distributed by the organization should be addressed to Clifford W.

Salmon at the same address. Price at Exhibits - 15 Cents or Postpaid - 20 Cents The first three items of the mental hygiene programme are "eugenics" in the forms of educating people for responsible parenthood and "legislation denying the privilege of parenthood to the manifestly unfit" - "education" including the "development of good mental habits" and a "frank attitude toward sexual matters" - and "social service" providing "assistance in securing adjustment of social and family difficulties".

At the present time there exist upon the earth five races or varieties of man , each very different from the other in instincts, social customs, and, to an extent, in structure. These are the Ethiopian or negro type, originating in Africa; the Malay or brown race, from the islands of the Pacific; the American Indian ; the Mongolian or yellow race, including the natives of China, Japan, and the Eskimos ; and finally, the highest type of all, the Caucasians, represented by the civilized white inhabitants of Europe and America.

Hunter's textbook was the one used in Tennessee in Chapter 17 on "Heredity, Variation, Plant and Animal Breeding" called for "personal hygiene, selection of healthy mates [eugenics], and the betterment of the environment [euthenics]" as means to improve "the health and vigour of the future generations".

On eugenics it the science of being well born it called for "freedom from germ diseases which might be handed down to the offspring", notably tuberculosis, epilepsy and feeble-mindedness.

It was largely for "parasitic" families that poor houses and asylums existed. Humanity would not allow us to "kill them off" but we "have the remedy of separating the sexes in asylums or other places and in various ways preventing intermarriage and the possibilities of perpetuating such a low and degenerate race.

Remedies of this sort have been tried successfully in Europe and are now meeting with success in this country. Internet Archive offline The four models were key display items in the museum's "Hall of the Age of Man", a project of Osborn's that was opened in , having been in preparation since See also Pictorial Encyclopedia of Clarke, the Medical Director of the Committee, stated the aims of the new organisation, which will deal with the vexed problems of crime, prostitution, pauperism, and un-employment; problems in which mental factors are of primary importance.

It is hoped also that this organisation will be able through its influence to be of assistance to the country in solving some of the difficult problems connected with the return to civil life of the mentally abnormal soldiers, as well as those raised by immigration Hincks of Toronto University whose perception of the national necessity, and indefatigable efforts have done so much to coordinate the efforts of others On the public platform he has time and again deplored the fact that through loose methods at our ports we have been allowing thousands of insane and feeble-minded aliens to enter the Dominion We need additional hospitals for the insane, farm colonies for the feeble- minded and psychiatric departments attached to our, general hospitals.

Canada would do well to build and equip several institutions similar to the Phipps Institute at Baltimore where research in connexion with mental diseases could be carried on. Our knowledge concerning many of the psychoses is indeed meagre, and if we would prevent mental breakdowns, if we would check early cases of dementia priecox for example, then more time and thought must be given by the medical profession to psychiatry, and the interest of intelligent men and women must be directed to the conservation of the mental health of the race by developing the qualities of foresight and judgement.

January "The Right to Marry. What can a democratic civilisation do about heredity and child welfare? Mental Hygiene January Because I have a conviction based on experience and on facts that many a mental disorder is much less ignominious than more than fifty per cent, of the other diseases for which people have to get treatment; that many a nervous or mental disorder is the result of struggling honestly but unwis. February John B.

Watson and Rosalie Rayner of Johns Hopkins University published Conditioned Emotional Reactions in which they reported their pioneer behaviour modification experiments making baby Albert B terrified of a tame rat, other animals, and cuddly toys by banging a steel bar behind him. Journal of Experimental Psychology Volume 3. Otherwise, complexity in adult response could not be accounted for. These authors without adequate experimental evidence advanced the view that this range was increased by means of conditioned reflex factors.

It was suggested there that the early home life of the child furnishes a laboratory situation for establishing conditioned emotional responses. The present authors present their experimental findings of conditioned fear responses in a male infant beginning at 11 months of age. The divorce ended Watson's academic career and he subsequently wrote his psychology in a more popular style.

October Watson asked to resign. Then President of the United States from to Believing in the power of scientific data and data-gathering, he promoted research into business and industrial topics. The aim was to stabilize the economy and help prevent a recurrence of the post- World War one business slump of This was not published until One of the participants was Roderick McKenzie - source: This picture is without a dust cover.

Another bookseller describes a copy as "pale gray paper covered boards, dull green cloth backstrap, with decorative green and blind-stamping design to front cover, in a dull gray paper dustwrapper printed in green". Click on the cover to go to a bookseller's web page that says: Sara Teasdale's copy with her signature, dated June , on the front flyleaf. She signs using her married name, Sara Teasdale Filsinger.

Teasdale married Ernst B. Filsinger in , and moved with him to New York in They divorced in Tragically, both Teasdale and English poet, Charlotte Mew, committed suicide. Mew, a Bloomsbury native with a family history of mental illness, went into a severe depression following the death of her sister.

She took her life in by drinking disinfectant. After suffering from a severe case of pneumonia which left her an invalid, Teasdale overdosed on barbiturates in " Restricted to just sets of imported sheets of the UK Poetry Bookshop edition - Consequently now expensive.

Saturday Market by Charlotte Mew In Saturday Market there's eggs a plenty And dead alive ducks with their legs tied down, Grey old gaffers and boys of twenty - Girls and the women of the town - Pitchers and sugar-sticks, ribbons and laces, Posies and whips and dicky-bird's seed, Silver pieces and smiling faces, In Saturday Market they've all they need. But there is more than this in Saturday Market; there is tragedy, just as in the great market of the world.

The poems of this young Englishwoman are Saturday market poems: Conditions in institutions for the insane and feeble-minded had advanced little since the time when "Bedlam" was first contracted from "St. Mary's of Bethlehem," an English asylum. The idea of forestalling and preventing the development of mental disorders was a novelty. About a young man not long out of the university had an attack of amnesia loss of memory occurring in some forms of insanity and wandered about the country" [appears to be a Time magazine fantasy.

In time he recovered and returned to his family and to normal life. But he retained a vivid memory of his experiences, set them down in a manuscript, resolved to turn them to account for human welfare. William James and a few other far-sighted gentlemen encouraged him.

Similar bodies have since been initiated in more than 20 states. Beers has devoted his life and resources to the movement, has raised hundreds of thousands of dollars. In he founded the National Committee for Mental Hygiene, of which he has been Secretary ever since. He was instrumental in starting a correlative agency in Canada. Other countries followed suit.

Four years ago, Mr. Beers took the first step toward world-wide cooperation in mental hygiene. James, professor of clinical medicine at Columbia. Welch is the most distinguished pathologist and bacteriologist in the United States.

Now 73 years old, he has been since his interne years at old Bellevue one of the most versatile and influential figures in the American and world public health movements. Among other officers of the Mental Hygiene Committee are Dr. Eliot, President Emeritus of Harvard, and Dr. Bannard Manhattan banker , Treasurer. The Medical Director is Dr. Williams, successor to Dr.

Salmon, who is now Medical Adviser. The Committee's chief accomplishments: Paul, Minneapolis and other cities, as well as in foreign countries. Review of Nervous and Mental Diseases. The book he used was the required school text book: The cartoon part by Carey Orr was published in the Chicago Times. Presidency of Herbert Hoover Republican to This statement is a duplicate of an article which appeared in an English newspaper and is entirely erroneous in its statement that children are to be psychoanalyzed in this clinic.

The child guidance clinic in London will be conducted along precisely the same lines as similar activities financed by the Commonwealth Fund in this country. Psychoanalysis will have no part in it.

One of his flighty flappers she dated playboy Dagwood Bumstead, son of the millionaire, J. Bolling Bumstead, a railroad magnate, along with several other boyfriends. Duke - Library of Congress - Blondie reveals her urge to seduce her boyfriends' fathers. Blondie married and took up mental health counselling in Often, of course, the situation is too tough for him.

Sometimes he masters his difficulties; sometimes they are too much for him. His struggles are all that the world sees and it usually misunderstands them. It is hard for a free fish to understand what is happening to a hooked one.

Presidency of Franklin D. Roosevelt Democrat to See psychiatrists - Sharon Tate murder - Manson sanity - verdict - book - mentally ill? In , after spending most of his adult life in prison, Manson moved to the San Francisco area in California and gathered a group of followers, which he referred to as "the family. Manson himself wasn't present for the killings.

Manson was convicted of conspiracy to commit murder on January 15, June Man and Society: A Substantive Introduction to the Social Science introduced the term symbolic interactionism. October Robert Merton: American Sociological Review volume 3 number 5 pages See Margaret Evans' article See social structure "There is a growing body of evidence, though none of it is clearly conclusive, to the effect that our class structure is becoming rigidified and that vertical mobility is declining.

Picture by Carleton Coon. Coon argued artists' impressions depend very much on superficial things like dress and haircut. See Southampton and anonymous lecture notes. House never mentioned Mead that I can recollect. But within a week of my arrival at Chicago, I was studying Mead's Mind, Self and Society , directed to it by Herbert Blumer , who as a young instructor had taught Mead's class after Mead's unexpected death" Anslam Strauss Phenothiazine Pheno thiazine is a synthesised man-made compound.

The phenothiazine formula is C12H9NS. The molecule consists of two benzene rings joined by a sulphur atom and a nitrogen atom. Keep 'em Flying" "In a world torn by the hatreds and fears of men appears a woman She appears as though from nowhere to avenge an injustice or right a wrong!

Ernest Watson Burgess and Harvey J. The Family from Institution to Companionship. Large patriarchal type most closely approximates institutional family. Burgess and Locke say "The Industrial Revolution paved the way for the breakdown of the small patriarchal family p. The economic preparation of postmodernism or late capitalism began in the s , after the wartime shortages of consumer goods and spare parts had been made up, and new products and new technologies not least those of the media could be pioneered.

The psychic habitus of the new age demands the absolute break, strengthened by a generational rupture, achieved more properly in the s The Americanocentrism of my own particular account is justified only to the degree that it was the brief "American century" that constituted the hothouse, or forcing ground, of the new system, while the development of the cultural forms of Postmodernism may be said to be the first specifically North American global style.

Both levels, infrastructure and superstructures - the economic system and the cultural "structure of feeling" - somehow crystallised in the great shock of the crises of the oil crisis, the end of the international gold standard, for all intents and purposes the end of the great wave of "wars of national -xxliberation" and the beginning of the end of traditional communism , which, now that the dust clouds have rolled away, disclose the existence, already in place, of a strange new landscape.

Photograph by Ebony photographer Moneta Sleet. A Series of Addresses in The first Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists of Chicago was published on With the aid of strain gauges or similar agencies to read the performance of these motor organs and to report, to "feed back," to the central control system as an artificial kinesthetic sense, we are already in a position to construct artificial machines of almost any degree of elaborateness of performance.

Long before Nagasaki and the public awareness of the atomic bomb, it had occurred to me that we were here in the presence of another social potentiality of unheard-of importance for good and for evil.

The automatic factory and the assembly line without human agents are only so far ahead of us as is limited by our willingness to put such a degree of effort into their engineering as was spent, for example, in the development of the technique of radar in the Second World War.

I have said that this new development has unbounded possibilities for good and for evil. For one thing, it makes the metaphorical dominance of the machines, as imagined by Samuel Butler, a most immediate and non- metaphorical problem. It gives the human race a new and most effective collection of mechanical slaves to perform its labor.

Such mechanical labor has most of the economic properties of slave labor, although, unlike slave labor, it does not involve the direct demoralizing effects of human cruelty. However, any labor that accepts the conditions of competition with slave labor accepts the conditions of slave labor, and is essentially slave labor.

The key word of this statement is competition. It may very well be a good thing for humanity to have the machine remove from it the need of menial and disagreeable tasks, or it may not. I do not know. It cannot be good for these new potentialities to be assessed in the terms of the market, of the money they save; and it is precisely the terms of the open market, the "fifth freedom," that have become the shibboleth of the sector of American opinion represented by the National Association of Manufacturers and the Saturday Evening Post.

I say American opinion, for as an American, I know it best, but the hucksters recognize no national boundary. Perhaps I may clarify the historical background of the present if I say that the first industrial revolution , the revolution of the "dark satanic mills," was the devaluation of the human arm by the competition of machinery. There is no rate of pay at which a United States pick-and-shovel laborer can live which is low enough to compete with the work of a steam shovel as an excavator.

The modern industrial revolution is similarly bound to devalue the human brain , at least in its simpler and more routine decisions. Of course, just as the skilled carpenter, the skilled mechanic, the skilled dressmaker have in some degree survived the first industrial revolution, so the skilled scientist and the skilled administrator may survive the second. However, taking the second revolution as accomplished, the average human being of mediocre attainments or less has nothing to sell that it is worth anyone's money to buy.

The answer, of course, is to have a society based on human values other than buying or selling. To arrive at this society, we need a good deal of planning and a good deal of struggle, which, if the best comes to the best, may be on the plane of ideas, and otherwise - who knows? I thus felt it my duty to pass on my information and understanding of the position to those who have an active interest in the conditions and the future of labor, that is, to the labor unions.

I did manage to make contact with one or two persons high up in the CIO, and from them I received a very intelligent and sympathetic hearing. Further than these individuals, neither I nor any of them was able to go. It was their opinion, as it had been my previous observation and information, both in the United States and in England, that the labor unions and the labor movement are in the hands of a highly limited personnel, thoroughly well trained in the specialized problems of shop stewardship and disputes concerning wages and conditions of work, and totally unprepared to enter into the larger political, technical, sociological, and economic questions which concern the very existence of labor.

The reasons for this are easy enough to see: Those of us who have contributed to the new science of cybernetics thus stand in a moral position which is, to say the least, not very comfortable, We have contributed to the initiation of a new science which, as I have said, embraces, technical developments with great possibilities for good and for evil. We can only hand it over into the world that exists about us, and this is the world of Belsen and Hiroshima.

We do not even have the choice of suppressing these new technical developments. They belong to the age, and the most any of us can do by suppression is to put the development of the subject into the hands of the most irresponsible and most venal of our engineers. The best we can do is to see that a large public understands the trend and the bearing of the present work, and to confine our personal efforts to those fields, such as physiology and psychology, most remote from war and exploitation, As we have seen, there are those who hope that the good of a better understanding of man and society which is offered by this new field of work may anticipate and outweigh the incidental contribution we are making to the concentration of power which is always concentrated, by its very conditions of existence, in the hands of the most unscrupulous.

I write in , and I am compelled to say that it is a very slight hope. Social Structure New York: It includes adults of both sexes, at least two of whom maintain a socially approved sexual relationship and one or more children, own or adopted, of the sexually cohabiting adults.

Either as the sole prevailing form of the family or as the basic unit from which more complex forms compounded, it exists as a distinct and strongly functional group in every society. Senator Joe McCarthy re-elected by a huge majority, "having exploited the general uneasiness felt after the treason trials of Nunn May , Fuchs and Alger Hiss by accusing the State Department of harbouring prominent Communists.

Joe McCarthy gives his name to McCarthyism Taft, and Styles Bridges and Republican National Chairman Guy Gabrielson push a reluctant Republican elephant to mount an unstable and unpleasant platform.

The elephant says "You mean I'm supposed to stand on that? Ellen Schrecker says "We all know that it is technically incorrect to call the anticommunist political repression of the early Cold War McCarthyism. Dianetics - scientology Ron Hubbard's publications on "dianetics" through the mind in led in to establishing the Church of Scientology. The publications do not use the word scientology although a page in the Astounding Science Fiction article shows pictorially the idea of progress to scientific thought originally meant by the term when coined by Stephen Pearl Andrews in Hubbard is quoted as writing "Dianetics is a science; as such, it has no opinion about religion, for sciences are based on natural laws, not on opinions" Dianetics Auditor's Bulletin Vol.

The engineer controls the brain - "Basic personality could compute like a well greased Univac". Ron Hubbard, Hermitage House 4 dollars. This was followed by comic stories and a text end piece by Newton Bigelow.

The Bumsteads 3 pages - Dagwood learns that while it's fun to spend time with the family, having alone time is good also. Your Mental Health 1 page text article by Newton Bigelow. Psychiatrists saw Manson as "a very emotionally upset youth," "slick" but "extremely sensitive" , "dangerous" with "homosexual and assaultive tendencies" , having "an unstable personality" but being potentially able "to straighten himself out" , being "unable to control himself" with "a tendency to cut up" , having "work habits that range from good to poor" , being "erratic and moody" and "a classic text book case of a correctional institution inmate" , as an "energetic person" who hides "his loneliness, resentment and hostility behind a facade of superficial ingratiation" , being "emotionally insecure" and tending to "involve himself in various fanatical interests" , and, finally, as "in need of a great deal of help in the transition from institution to the free world" The modern science of mental health This volume probably contains more promises and less evidence per page than has any publication since the invention of printing.

Briefly, its thesis is that man is intrinsically good, has a perfect memory for every event of his life, and is a good deal more intelligent than he appears to be. However, something called the engram prevents these characteristics from being realized in man's behavior. During moments of unconsciousness and pain and at any time from conception onward, the "reactive mind" can still record experience, but experiences so recorded -engrams- are a major source of man's misery, his psychosomatic ills, his neuroses and psychoses, his poor memory, and his generally inefficient functioning.

By a process called dianetic reverie, which resembles hypnosis and which may apparently be practiced by anyone trained in dianetics, these engrams may be recalled. Once thoroughly recalled, they are "refiled," and the patient becomes a "clear," who is not handicapped by encumbering engrams and who can thenceforth function at a level of intellect, efficiency and goodness seldom if ever realized before in the history of man.

The system is presented without qualification and without evidence. It has borrowed from psychoanalysis , Pavlovian conditioning , hypnosis and folk beliefs , but, except for the last, these debts are fulsomely denied. The huge sale of the book to date is distressing evidence of the frustrated ambitions, hopes, ideals, anxieties and worries of the many persons who through it have sought succor. His friend Art Shay took photographs of her through the open bathroom door.

He says she called him a "naughty boy". This photograph was published on the Nouvel Observateur magazine cover in Paris on 3. The others illustrated the inside stories of De Beauvoir's adventurous sexual life. Presidency of Dwight D. Eisenhower Republican to Homo Rhodenis - Rhodesian man. A plastolene reconstruction by Carleton S.

Plate one in The History of Man Coon writes that in his reconstructions "skulls and jaws were restored, and then the missing portions were filled in by imagination. Then the muscles were laid on, and finally the skin and hair were conjured up.

The forms of the soft parts, including lips, nose tips, ears and hair, are wholly conjectural". September Cover of Captain America. After a five year absence, Captain America comics were revived in December The last edition was in of this incarnation was September source Being a communist was un American. December "The Study Of Man: Class and Opportunity in Europe and the U. Mike Forrest Keen summarises Parsons as arguing that the McCarthysit movement "could be understood as a symptom of structural strains accompanying a major transformation in American society from isolated nation to international leader, the impact of growing industrialisation, and a free-enterprise economy.

Such changes required a stronger commitment to the national community. As a result, those segments of the society with more individualistic and critical traditions i. Its Relations to Personality and to Social Structure" begins The American family has, in the past generation or more, been undergoing a profound process of change.

Essays on the social situation of mental patients and other inmates During this time he helped Harold Garfinkel with his work on degradation ceremonies. In the year when young Clifford Beers had just emerged from a mental hospital with a driving urge to tell his story, he found a sympathetic listener in Miss Clara Louise Jepson , friend of his childhood and youth, "I have so much to tell. I must write a book," he said to Miss Jepson "Will you help me? In this way my wife became the royalty on my book, a reward as great as it was unexpected.

But the marriage of these young people had to be postponed still longer, until Clifford Beers could clear away the debts he had incurred in organizing the new National Committee for Mental Hygiene. He was always generous in the credit he gave to Clara Jepson in those early difficult days. Miss Jepson's unwavering belief in me during the difficult years of my work,"; he wrote to other friends, "gave me the courage to challenge Destiny Mrs Beers, companion and hostess, took on the additional role of French interpreter during their eventful trips to Europe, when in recognition of his remarkable work, her husband was received by scientists, statesmen, and royalty.

Today Mrs Clifford Beers lives quietly in the house she and her husband shared together, on a tree-lined street in Englewood, New Jersey, the mental health movement still the dominant interest in her life. February 6, source. If you search every inch of space in three different daily newspapers, the odds are that you will find only one item which is relevant. To find one relevant item it would be necessary to read, on the average, the entire content of two magazines.

If you listened to one entire dat of broadcatsing of a radio station, you would, on e the average, find about programmes with information or partrayals rleevant to metal healh problems. An almost identical number of relevant programmes would be expected in the entire daily teelcating of one station - 2. Ths we can conclude that: Information concerning mental illness appears relatively infrequenstly in mass media presentations " Jum C. Nunnally in Cohen and Young p. March Harold Garfinkel "Conditions of successful degradation ceremonies" "Acknowledgment is gratefully made to Erving Goffman , National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, Maryland, and to Sheldon Messinger, Social Science Research Council pre- doctoral fellow, University of California, Los Angeles, for criticisms and editorial suggestions" Garfinkel argued that successful degradation ceremonies are an essential part of all societies.

The degradation of the "perpetrator" reveals not only the perpetrator's essential characteristics as undesirable, but unites the witnesses in affirming the values that bind them together.

The confessions of the Red can be read to each [teach? July "Declaration of Sitges" in Colombia lead to the establishment of a National front in which the Liberal and Conservative parties governed jointly. La Violencia ended and far-reaching social and economic reforms were attempted. January It's late, it's late We're 'bout to run outta gas It's late, it's late We gotta get home fast.

Skinner - awarded to Robert Merton. The first commercially produced birth-control pill. Andy Warhol 's tribute to her appears to me deeply emotional, but not to Fredric Jameson. UK mental patients April If we continue to produce millions of young mothers who stop their growth and education short of identity, without a strong core of human values to pass on to their children, we are committing, quite simply, genocide, starting with the mass burial of American women and ending with the progressive dehumanization of their sons and daughters.

These problems cannot be solved by medicine or even by psychotherapy. I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the colour of their skin but by the content of their character. A casual introduction to sociological thinking. Random House studies in sociology: However, not everything that can be counted counts, and not everything that counts can be counted.

Scott Foresman problems in American history. Scott, Foresman pages. The series provided history teachers with selections from source documents along with analysis of problems for use in class discussion. The first deals with intolerance during the s , when members of the secret Know Nothing society charged that foreigners were corrupting America.

Their attacks were directed especially against Irish Catholic immigrants Unit Two considers the Red Scare of and Unit Three deals with the period after World War Two, when the term 'McCarthyism' was coined to define an intense search for disloyal citizens and government officials. In presenting each of the three units, this book analyzes the social setting of intolerance--that is, the conditions that led to the fear that America was in danger of subversion from within.

In it introduced a new word: Johnson' State of the Union Address included: Our task is to help replace their despair with opportunity. This administration today, here and now, declares unconditional war on poverty in America. See Wikipedia draft by Zweifel. Johnson's Special Message to Congress: UK mental patients Deborah patient "What good is your reality, when justice fails and dishonesty is glossed over and the ones who keep faith suffer I never promised you perfect justice and I never promised you peace or happiness.

My help is so that you can be free to fight for all these things". Wikipedia "During the early s an increasing number of psychologists and educators began to study the effects of early experiences on human development.

Much research suggested that preschool compensatory education might be an important step for disrupting the cycle of poverty experienced by large numbers of Americans. Combined with powerful social and political factors, this notion led to the authorization of Project Head Start in " Joan S. Bissell "the educational remedy to the war on poverty was politically popular" Sigel and Cocking p. Included "a brief evaluation of the first year's work".

Martin Luther King, Jr June , Oberlin Ohio "all mankind is tied together; all life is interrelated, and we are all caught in an inescapable network of mutuality, tied in a single garment of destiny.

Whatever affects one directly, affects all indirectly. For some strange reason I can never be what I ought to be until you are what you ought to be. And you can never be what you ought to be until I am what I ought to be - this is the interrelated structure of reality.

John Donne caught it years ago and placed it in graphic terms: No man is an Island, entire of itself; every man is a piece of the continent, a part of the main And then he goes on toward the end to say: And by believing this, by living out this fact, we will be able to remain awake through a great revolution. Created the national savings fund, Colombian Institute for family wellbeing; the institute to protect non renewable resources; the agency to promote exports; the nacional agency for the construction of schools; and the national institution to promote and finance superior education.

Declaration of a summer of love. The theme began in and was developed as a series of prints in Fredric Jameson argued that the lack of emotion in Warhol's art was a feature of postmodernism. That exceptional children - children with mental retardation - can be exceptional athletes, the fact that through sports they can realize their potential for growth. Special Olympics are held every two years. Since they have alternated between summer and winter Olympics. Until they were all held in the United States.

The commission and Szasz were jointly involved in in securing the release of Victor Gyory,. He was moved the next day to Haverford State Mental Hospital. He received a series of electric shocka and, in early June, asked a psychiatric aide what he could do to have them stopped.

Three aides one a scientologist were suspended for seeking legal aid for him. Szasz examined Gyory on behalf of the Commission and Gyory's release was obtained after court proceedings on Tuesday 2. Citizen control, delegated power and partnesrhip involve degrees of citizen power. Placation, consultation and informaing involve degrees of tokenism. Therapy and manipulation are nonparticipation See participation.

That radical caucus knew that there were many abuses in the mental health system to be talked about. Louis Frydman of Lawrence, Kansas, and others. We had a meeting in Detroit at a very nice hotel to plan what was to become the first Conference on Human Rights and Psychiatric Oppression. That conference was held a year later in Detroit. Tom was fired for bringing us together. It was a long time before he could get another job in his field.

In the interim, he sold gliders for a living. Psychiatric oppression was alive and well, even for the professionals who believed in us - especially for the professionals who believed in us. The conference that Tom Hertzberg started evolved into the Conference on Human Rights and Psychiatric Oppression and was held yearly for 13 years between and During that time, it went through four name changes ending as the International Conference for Human Rights and Against Psychiatric Oppression.

This conference attracted people from Canada, the Netherlands, and Britain. Throughout its history, this conference held yearly demonstrations at hospitals. Some of these demonstrations held vigils for our friends and neighbors who died in such places.

It is clear that we cannot distinguish the sane from the insane in psychiatric hospitals. The hospital itself imposes a special environment in which the meanings of behavior can easily be misunderstood. The consequences to patients hospitalized in such an environment-the powerlessness, depersonalization, segregation, mortification, and self- labeling-seem undoubtedly countertherapeutic. I do not, even now, understand this problem well enough to perceive solutions.

But two matters seem to have some promise. The first concerns the proliferation of community mental health facilities, of crisis intervention centers, of the human potential movement, and of behavior therapies that, for all of their own problems, tend to avoid psychiatric labels, to focus on specific problems and behaviors, and to retain the individual in a relatively non-pejorative environment.

Clearly, to the extent that we refrain from sending the distressed to insane places, our impressions of them are less likely to be distorted. The risk of distorted perceptions, it seems to me, is always present, since we are much more sensitive to an individual's behaviors and verbalizations than we are to the subtle contextual stimuli that often promote them. At issue here is a matter of magnitude. And, as I have shown, the magnitude of distortion is exceedingly high in the extreme context that is a psychiatric hospital.

The second matter that might prove promising speaks to the need to increase the sensitivity of mental health workers and researchers to the Catch 22 position of psychiatric patients. Simply reading materials in this area will be of help to some such workers and researchers. For others, directly experiencing the impact of psychiatric hospitalization will be of enormous use. Clearly, further research into the social psychology of such total institutions will both facilitate treatment and deepen understanding.

I and the other pseudopatients in the psychiatric setting had distinctly negative reactions. We do not pretend to describe the subjective experiences of true patients. Theirs may be different from ours, particularly with the passage of time and the necessary process of adaptation to one's environment. But we can and do speak to the relatively more objective indices of treatment within the hospital.

It could be a mistake, and a very unfortunate one, to consider that what happened to us derived from malice or stupidity on the part of the staff. Quite the contrary, our overwhelming impression of them was of people who really cared, who were committed and who were uncommonly intelligent. Where they failed, as they sometimes did painfully, it would be more accurate to attribute those failures to the environment in which they, too, found themselves than to personal callousness.

Their perceptions and behavior were controlled by the situation, rather than being motivated by a malicious disposition. In a more benign environment, one that was less attached to global diagnosis, their behaviors and judgments might have been more benign and effective. Mr Neill, announcing the settlement, said that Mr Robinson was a member of Parliament from to and Minister of Health in the Labour Government from to He had directed a great deal of his energies to mental health.

When his party was in opposition he was spokesman on health matters and a leading supporter of the Mental Health Act, Before he became a minister he had been a vice-president of the National Association of Mental Health.

The Church of Scientology of California published and circulated in this country what might be called broadsheets styled variously as Freedom Scientology, Freedom and Scientology, Freedom. Some of the broadsheets had international editions. Mr Ginever was the editor of the broadsheets. Mr Hubbard, the founder of the Church of Scientology claimed the copyright in what was published in the broadsheets.

About the autumn of the defendants commenced a campaign against Mr Robinson through their broadsheets. The reason for the campaign was that the defendants very strongly objected to political decisions in which Mr Robinson as a Minister of the Crown had been involved and which led to a ban being placed on the admission to this country of people coming from abroad to study Scientology. In the campaign extravagant allegations were made against Mr Robinson which were of a gravely defamatory nature.

Put shortly, it was alleged that Mr Robinson had instigated or approved of the creation of what were called "death camps", likened to Belsen and Auschwitz, to which persons including mental patients could be forcibly abducted and there killed or maimed with impunity.

It was further alleged that Mr Robinson had abused his position as a minister in relation to government grants made to the National Association of Mental Health. The broadsheets containing these grave allegations were each distributed to about , persons, including people in public life such as MPs and editors of newspapers and journals.

Although the allegations were extravagant, Mr Robinson felt that, in view of the virulence and extent of the campaign against him, he could not allow their publication to pass without taking action. Accordingly he launched the present libel proceedings. Counsel was glad to be able to say that the defendants had now redeemed themselves to the extent that they now acknowledged that there was no truth in what they said about Mr Robinson and they greatly regretted that they ever made such allegations.

They had agreed to pay Mr Robinson a substantial sum to mark the gravity of the libels and to indemnify him against his costs. They had further undertaken not to repeat the same or any similar libel. In an otherwise distasteful affair it was a matter for some pleasure that the defendants appeared in court by their counsel to confirm what he had told his Lordship and to offer their apologies to Mr Robinson.

Mr Comyn said that he confirmed everything which Mr Neill had said, and on behalf of the defendants he offered their sincere apologies to Mr Robinson for the wrong which they bad done him.

The record was, by leave, withdrawn. A state of siege and a National Security Statute instituted in substantially to counteract drug trafficking also enhanced the government's ability to act against guerrillas. It was also used to suppress popular unrest Turbay lifted the state of siege and nullified the security statute in June , shortly before leaving office. Saw at ten or more parties to They were amongst boys who "spiked" the punch.

In approximately she believes she was "drugged using Quaaludes or something similar placed in what I was drinking" and "became the victim" of "gang" or "train" "rapes where Mark Judge and Brett Kavanaugh were present". Declaration of Julie Swetnick Thursday 1. It has been alleged that Christine Blasey 15 was sexually assaulted by Brett Kavanaugh 17 in the presence of Mark Judge in the Summer of Christine Blasey said Kavanaugh was drunk and held her down on a bed with his body, grinding against and groping her, covering her mouth when she tried to scream and trying to pull her clothes off.

She escaped when Judge jumped on them both and they all fell. She also recalled a friend Leland Keyser. Part of his entry reads "Who Won Anyway? Keg City Club Treasurer - Kegs or bust: A photograph in the Yale Daily News on Kavanaugh does not appear in the photograph.

Kavanaugh was also a member of Truth and Courage, known as the Tit and Clit club. Jesse Jackson stood as a potential Presidential candidate for the Democratic Party in and During the campaign Jackson began speaking of a "Rainbow Coalition". What the new politics of representation does is to put that into question, crossing the questions of racism irrevocably with questions of sexuality.

Offering a reliable courier service by public transport throughout Toronto and providing meaningful and supportive employment to people living with mental health challenges.

Studied modern dance in New York, from Married photographer and filmmaker Robert Frank in Studied wood carving and drawing, and began working in clay. Married Leo Treltler, pianist and music scholar, in In , inspired by photographer Walker Evans, and with the aid of a grant, he travelled across the United States photographing all strata of its society in some 28, shots. He selected 83 of those for publication in his book The Americans for which Jack Kerouac wrote the introduction.

He then moved away from photography to concentrate on filmmaking, his first work being "Pull My Daisy" , based on Kerouac's play Beat Generation and starring Allen Ginsberg, Gregory Corso, and Peter Orlovsky, with a narration by Kerouac. Frankel, an ardent communist, was a friend of Kerouac and Ginsberg's around the Columbia campus, late s. He attended Kerouac's wedding party in November Fuller was the botanist with whom William Burroughs and Lewis Marker stayed in Ecuador during their search for yage, Enrolled at Annapolis Military College but was expelled for drunkenness.

Attended Harvard and became a Mason and member of the Knights of Columbus. Developed a morphine habit and was a patient at Dixmont mental hospital, Allegheny in Moved to New York where he worked as a con man and overcoat thief to support his addiction. Met with Burroughs, Huncke, and others there in the s. Kerouac knew him well there, and Garver's ramblings found their way into Kerouac's writings, including a long section of "Orizaba Blues" 31st to 41st choruses - "I had a slouch hat too one time In Kerouac tried to enlist the help of Malcolm Cowley in negotiating a contract for Garver to write an historical novel about the Zapotec Indians, but nothing came of it and Garver died alone in Mexico City.

He is referred to, as an overcoat thief, in the first draft only of Allen Ginsberg's "Howl" , and also mentioned in Ginsberg's poem: A family friend who was an amateur wrestler and also Leo's unofficial chauffeur. Later worked as a clerk in a furniture store. Left the USA when 30, living in Singapore and Thailand for ten years, working as a broadcast systems engineer. Returned to Denver where he is working on his own autobiographical novel, The Duluoz Legend , about events with Kerouac and Cassady when he was a child.

After Neal's release in he introduced Jacqueline to Kerouac, and they began a brief affair, as described in Big Sur. She married jazz musician piano and bass Arnett Mercer in Died in Santa Fe, New Mexico, where he had been living since Trumpet playing jazz musician, composer and singer.

Accompanied Charlie Parker in s on recordings that formed the birth of bebop. Later experimented successfully with Cuban rhythms. Became mathematics teacher at Horace Mann School in His Collected Poems was published in Changed his surname to Brooks after his discharge from the Army in Lawyer and writer who sometimes gave readings with his brother.

His poems collected in Rites of Passage A poet, English teacher, and socialist. Gave poetry readings with Allen in the s. Naomi was an active member of the Communist Party and took her sons Allen and Eugene to party meetings. Suffered from a rare psychological illness and spent time in Greystone mental hospital.

Born in Jersey City, New Jersey. Pianist and Glee Club member. Later studied at Brown University. Later took a government job and moved to Washington, D. Studied philosophy at Columbia University, where he met Ginsberg, Kerouac, and others. Settled in the San Francisco area. Associate of Jack Micheline's in the s and knew Herbert Huncke in the s. Classmate and close friend of Kerouac's at Horace Mann School, , where he fenced and played football. Studied Native American culture in North Dakota.

In reality, the book never existed. Gould was the subject of two profiles by Joseph Mitchell, later collected as Joe Gould's Secret The book was filmed in Worked at one time for the publisher A. Gould died of AIDS. Tenor sax player influenced by Lester Young and then bop. Gray was found dead in mysterious circumstances, with a broken neck in the open desert near Las Vegas. Attended Kerouac's wedding party, November Secretary of the French Club.

Went on to study at M. Born in Berlin, moved to USA in Edie Parker studied art with Grosz in New York, Grumet was born in Manhattan and graduated from Columbia Law School.

Attended North Platte High School. Arranged to meet Kerouac in San Francisco later that year. Practical-joking classmate of Kerouac's at Horace Mann School, , where he was also manager of the football team. Went on to Brown University. Played football, baseball and soccer. Diana Curtis Hansen was a fashion model and writer in New York.

She had graduated from Barnard College, majoring in philosphy and aesthetics, and married her English-literature professor, Ted Hoffman, before meeting Neal in and marrying him in July Mother of Curtis Hansen, her son with Neal, born November Married a Swiss banker in Born in East Douglas, MA, where his father worked in a local ax factory. The family later moved to Nashua, NH, where Alexis worked in a shoe factory. Pacome, Quebec, Canada, on the family farm. The family moved to Nashua, NH, around , and like most of the family, Marie worked in local shoe factories.

With her sister Claire [Buckley], Marie became one of Gabrielle's surrogate mothers, caring for her when her true mother died when she was one year old in Married Alexis Harpin in Nashua, , having two children, Raymond and Raoul, and became involved in selling insurance with her husband. When Alexis died in Marie lived with her son Dr. Raymond Harpin, a physician in Lynn, MA, and took up hair removal by electrolysis.

Attended school in Lynn, becoming a proficient pianist and playing varsity football. Spent time as Secretary of Lynn Chamber of Commerce, and with the Lynn Item newspaper before beginning a career in the early s, initially teaching languages but later switching to Biology, which he taught at Lynn Classical High School until his retirement in Raoul remembered visits by the Kerouac family to Lynn, and scaring Jack by shining a flashlight under his chin in the dark.

The cousin of Russell Durgin. Worked as science reporter, and witnessed first atomic bomb test at Bikini Atoll, Introduced Kerouac to John Clellon Holmes Novels include The Revelations of Dr. His non-fiction work Psychopaths includes a study of Neal Cassady. Moved to live near Tucson, Arizona. An account of a visit by Jack and Neal with the Harrington family in Arizona January was edited out of the published On the Road but can be read in the scroll version. One of the greatest American novelists and short story writers, a moralist and allegorist.

Author of The Scarlet Letter , and others. A character called Junius appears in his unfinished novel, Septimus Felton. Music Club President and leading baritone voice in the Glee Club. Drafted into in U. Released his first collection, A Summoning of Stones , in Taught poetry at various institutions, most notably the University of Rochester from to A painter, drummer, flautist, and warlock.

Heiserman was an athlete from Oregon whom Kerouac met in San Francisco, summer He was also a world class chef, fluent in numerous languages including Persian, Turkish, Armenian, and Tibetan , and an accomplished musician. Heiserman, also known as "Hassan," continued his bohemian ways, living on the streets of New York City as a kind of countercultural elder statesman until his death. Henderson was her stepfather's name. LuAnne met Neal in and they married August 1. Travelled to New York late where they first met Kerouac and Ginsberg.

Divorced from Neal, March Married Ray Murphy, , and had a daughter, Anne Marie. Married Samuel Catechi, Retired to live in Sonoma, California with her last husband, Robert Skonecki, in LuAnne spent her final years in San Francisco. Helped organize the Radio Club. Went on to study at Columbia University.

Lived in the Queen of Heaven Orphanage from due to collapse of her family during the depression. Married and moved to Los Angeles. Died of liver disease due to alcoholism. Hung around the local poolhalls in his teens, meeting Neal Cassady there. Recommended that Neal Cassady join him working on the railroad, which he did in April The two remained good friends in San Francisco and later in San Jose. Married Al Hinkle in December Became a close friend of Carolyn Cassady. Co-authored with Terry Southern Candy Went on to Springfield College.

A poet friend of Gerd Stern and Philip Lamantia's. Travelled to New York in , based in Greenwich Village. Kerouac met them at Carl Solomon's, c. Rumoured to have died from a peyote overdose in Mexico, , although other reports claim his death was caused by mononucleosis.

Left behind just 29 poems, collected as Journey to the End. Lamantia read Hoffman's poems at the famous Six Gallery event, October Educated at Stanford and then Columbia, where he knew Kerouac and Ginsberg. A dancer with the Martha Graham troupe before turning to art dealing. Once the lover of architect Philip Johnson, he became Peggy Guggenheim's companion and assistant in Venice. One of the greatest jazz singers.

Recorded with Benny Goodman, s, and later with her life-long soulmate Lester Young. One of the first to write about the David Kammerer killing, in the Columbia Spectator , fall Highly critical of Ginsberg's Howl , calling it "a dreadful little volume Elizabeth has also written other novels in which characters are based on her brother and his two wives, including The Adventures of Dorothy and Marian , The Marriage Martyr , and An Awful Intimacy Holmes was a poolplayer and gambler whom Neal Cassady met in Pederson's pool hall, Denver, in Holmes was the leader of a group of friends, and Neal approached him to learn pool, offering to teach him philosophy in return.

Holmes lived with his grandmother in Denver, and Neal Cassady stayed there, on and off for the next three years. From Holmes he learned the inticacies of pool and how to cheat at cards, and also acquired his first suit.

Was drafted into U. Met Kerouac in New York, , and together they were responsible for giving a name to the Beat Generation. Holmes's GO , has been called the first Beat novel. Holmes shared a love of jazz with Kerouac, and the two made recordings on a disc-cutting machine at Holmes's apartment, together with their mutual friend, Seymour Wyse At other similar sessions Allen Ginsberg recorded his poetry and Kerouac read from his work-in-progress, The Town and the City as well as from Hamlet.

Met Holmes in when they were both working for Reader's Digest. Married August in Manhattan, where they lived until their divorce in April Met Holmes in New York, Died of lung cancer just two weeks after John, in April He died at the age of 17 years, after being run over by a milk wagon. Distinguished poet, literary critic, essayist, translator, and teacher. Holmes was a former Louisiana State University football player.

Introduced the concept of "Beat" to Kerouac, Ginsberg, Holmes and others. Junkie friend of William Burroughs in New York, s. Once worked for gangster Dutch Schultz. Hanged himself while imprisoned in the Tombs. When the deception was discovered, in November , Natalie became hysterical and committed suicide by slitting her throat and throwing herself from the roof of a building.

Her career began in the story department of Samuel Goldwyn Productions. She moved to Columbia Pictures and then to the Music Corporation of America as head of its literary department, eventually becoming vice president of the New York office. Jackson, a novelist and former associate editor of The Saturday Evening Post.

Kerouac raved about his wild style in "Crazy Jazz" The recording "Gator Tail" with Cootie Williams earned him his nickname. Married to singer Ruth Brown. Auden between and , and also his secretary before that role was taken on by Alan Ansen. Father, Henry James Sr. Moved to England, where most of his important novels were written, including The Wings of the Dove , The Ambassadors , and The Golden Bowl , and short stories such as the ghostly The Turn of the Screw A philosopher and antagonist of the Kant and Hegel school.

Best known for his poetry, including the collections Blood for a Stranger heavily influenced by Auden , The Woman at the Washington Zoo , and The Lost World , as well as for the humorous novel Pictures From an Institution Jarrell was struck by a car and killed while out walking in Chapel Hill, North Carolina.

A high-jumper in school. Spent four years in the armed services, then six years as an office-worker before accompanying Jack and Neal to Mexico in There he painted in a style he dubbed Jazz Action and read his poetry, developing a personal style of oral delivery he called Jazz Poetry.

He moved to Paris in the s and remained there until the early s, spending his summers in Europe and winters in Timbuktu, Mali. During the early s Joans was a writer in residence in Berlin, Germany. In the late s he relocated to Seattle and resided there and in Vancouver, between travels, until Selected Poems Mother of Jerry, Nancy, Bill and Sally. Attended Barnard College where she became friends with Elise Cowen who introduced her to Allen Ginsberg, who in turn arranged for Joyce and Jack Kerouac to meet on a blind date.

They were together during the time of the publication of On the Road , A Beat Love Affair in Letters, Joyce was married briefly to abstract painter James Johnson, who was killed in a motorcycle accident in December , and later to the painter Peter Pinchbeck.

Nancy sent one of her poems to Kerouac in January Present when William Burroughs shot Joan. Discharged in he began an artistic life in Greenwich Village, New York, as a poet, playwright, and publisher. In the mids he became a prominent voice in the Black Arts movement, changing his name to Amiri Baraka in First gained fame with the success of his play The Dutchman In he edited and published The Moderns: His study Blues People: Jurewiczus was a football colleague of Kerouac's in Lowell High School team.

Auden, with whom he collaborated on opera liberatti, including "The Rake's Progress" Kammerer was leading a youth group of which Carr was a member, and quickly became infatuated with the teenager, pursuing him for the next five years, wherever Carr was enrolled at school. On August 14, , when Kammerer's attentions became too intense, Carr stabbed him and threw the body into the Hudson River.

Tenor sax-playing jazz musician who worked with Stan Kenton and Woody Herman in s. Lenore's poetry collection Word Alchemy was published in , but she is best known for the shorter volume of poetry The Love Book Fought for Israel in the War of Independence, Settled in Greenwich Village to paint in s. Later returned to Israel, becoming an eminent writer, painter, journalist and theatre critic.

Secretary of the German Club, and Dramatic Club member. Burroughs and Allen Ginsberg. Moved to San Francisco's North Beach in and remained there for most of the rest of his life, becoming a Buddhist.

He was one of the founders of Beatitude magazine in Kaufman was a poet in the oral tradition and did not usually write down his poems. Much of his published work survives due to his wife Eileen, who wrote his poems down as he conceived them. Keck was a jazz musician, playing guitar on a recording date with trumpeter Tony Fruscella On next voyage, in February , Kendrick was killed when the Dorchester was sunk by a German submarine in Baffin Bay.

Classmate and close friend of Kerouac's at Horace Mann School, , and later at Columbia University, where his father was basketball coach. Later worked in sales and marketing.

Born in Nashua but moved with his parents to Lowell in where he helped to run the family store when his father was too ill to work. Born in Nashua, she was a fine pianist and later became a piano teacher in Lowell and Boston. Married Raymond Rouleau, a theatre violinist, in Nashua, , and had daughter Madeleine in Raymond died in and Beatrice moved to Lowell with her parents in Born in Riviere de Loup, Quebec.

Briefly visited the Kerouac family in Lowell on the death of Gerard in They married in August and the couple moved to Grosse Pointe to live.

This arrangement did not suit Jack, who returned to New York and the marriage was annulled in September Edie's autobiography, You'll Be Okay was published in Married Severine Malenfont in and their first child, Jack's grandfather Jean-Baptiste, was born there later that year, and six others followed later.

The brother of Leo Kerouac. Born in Chateauguay, Quebec, but moved with his family to Nashua, New Hampshire in , remaining there for the rest of his life. He worked as a railroad brakeman, and later as a carpenter. Married Alice Chamberlain in A major influence on the young Jack who died of rheumatic fever. Brought up in Nashua, New Hampshire. When she was a year old her mother died giving birth to her sister Dorothee. She was raised by her father and two elder sisters, Claire and Marie, until her father remarried Amanda Dube in Went to work in a Nashua shoe factory, Married Leo Kerouac in Born in Nashua but moved with his parents to Lowell in Born in Nashua but moved to Lowell with her parents in Worked as a farmer.

Married Clementine Bernier in St Pascal, Together they had fifteen children, although five of them died during childhood. Moved the family to Nashua, New Hampshire in , and took up carpentry. Worked as a shoemaker. Married Rosanne Dumais in They became Jack's godparents.

Remarried, to Alexina Des Roches in Nashua, He died just two weeks before his godson. Met William Cannastra at an artists' colony in Provincetown, Massachusetts, and returned with him to New York, , where she worked as a seamstress. After Cannastra's death in October , Jack Kerouac moved into the West 21st Street loft she'd shared with Bill, and they married ten days later.

The marriage broke up after eight months, during which time, in an apartment at West 20th Street, Kerouac had typed the scroll version of On the Road and Joan had become pregnant. She gave birth to her daughter Janet in February , although Kerouac always denied paternity.

Joan's autobiography, Nobody's Wife: The Smart Aleck and the King of the Beats was published in The effects of the Depression forced them to close down the business in when they moved their family to Lowell, opening another small store for a couple of years.

Joseph was an asthmatic and in poor health for many years before his death. An apprentice at the Nashua Telegraph, he moved to Lowell in to work on a new newspaper, L'Etoile, as writer and printer, living there with his sister Emma. Jack's aunt, the wife of Joseph Kerouac, whom she married in , and mother of their five children. Lived in Nashua, New Hampshire until , when the family moved to Lowell.

Sister of Jack's boyhood friend, Sebastian Sampas. They married in November , living first of all in Lowell, and moving to St. Petersburg, Florida in November Stella became the executor of the Kerouac estate after Jack's death. Colleague of Kerouac's at Horace Mann School, A member of the Social Committee and manager of the Varsity baseball team. Born St Petersberg, Russia, becoming involved in the theatre. Studied painting in Boston and London, s. Became an important member of the New York school of abstract expressionism.

Decline and Fall" Commentary , and others. Later taught English at Iowa State University. He also directed some scenes in several of the films of his close friend W. Fields when Fields could not get on with the directors assigned to him. A drug courier from the age of thirteen, she became the most important drug trafficker operating in Mexico City from the s to s. William Burroughs' drug connection there.

His poetry was first published in the magazine View in , when he was fifteen and in the final issue of the Surrealist magazine VVV the following year. He returned to the Bay Area in and his first book, Erotic Poems , was published a year later. He appeared at the famous Six Gallery event in , reading the poems of John Hoffman, a friend who had recently died. New and Selected Poems, Her father was a dress manufacturer, her mother a journalist.

Met Jay Landesman in and they married in Eliot's line from The Waste Land: Louis, Missouri, where his family had an antiques business, and was educated at the University of Missouri and Rice University, Houston. Moved to New York in , having founded the magazine Neurotica the year before. Married Frances Deitsch in , a lyricist he had met in Greenwich Village. The couple moved back to St.

In he produced a version of his autobiographical novel The Nervous Set as a musical, with lyrics by Fran and music by Tommy Wolf, which was also staged on Broadway, New York. The Landesmans moved to London in , becoming involved in the local arts scene, with Jay setting up Polytantric Press. Landesman's work includes three volumes of autobiography: A complete set of his magazines was reissued in book form as Neurotica: The Authentic Voice of the Beat Generation, Studied at Harvard and travelled in France and Italy, where he met many writers and began composing his own poems.

Cummings, as well as some of his own poetry. Laughlin was responsible for publishing in New Directions the first edition of Kerouac's Visions of Cody in , although as a heavily edited collection of excerpts comprising about one third of the total work. Peter Orlovsky was his model and lover.

Ginsberg was attracted to a portrait of Orlovsky by LaVigne and in asked to be introduced to him, beginning a lifelong relationship. Moved to New York in , and later to Seattle. Football coach at Boston College, later at Notre Dame.

Owner of a bookshop in Brest whom Kerouac visited when he was researching his family history in France, June An African- and Native-American whom Kerouac met and had an intense love affair with in New York during the summer of At that time Alene was typing up the work of both Ginsberg and Burroughs that was eventually published as The Yage Letters Alene lived with Lucien Carr from She had a daughter, Christina, by John Mitchell, the proprietor of the famous Gaslight coffee bar in Greenwich Village, where many folk artists appeared in the late s and early '60s, including Bob Dylan, Joan Baez, and Len Chandler, and where Allen Ginsberg and Gregory Corso read their poetry.

Some of Alene's autobiographical writing was published in Beatdom 6 As a young man he became interested in sexuality, erotic folklore, and origami. His book Love and Death , an attack on sexual censorship, was published in , an outgrowth of the little magazine Neurotica , which he and Jay Landesman edited and published in nine issues between and , with contributors including Allen Ginsberg, Marshall McLuhan, and Kenneth Patchen.

Legman's other books include Rationale of the Dirty Joke , Limerick , and Bibliography of Paper-folding Jinny was an art student and model. In she married the Columbia student Walter Lehrman and they moved to Berkeley, where Walter taught at the University of California. Kerouac met Jinny again in October , at the first public reading of Ginsberg's poem Howl , and they began a brief affair. A painter girlfriend of Lucien Carr's, They attended Kerouac and Joan Haverty's wedding party together, November Moving to the west coast in the s and adopting the pen-name Liza Williams, she wrote for Open City and LA Free Press , her columns subsequently collected into a book called Up the City of Angels Worked in the record business, for Olivia, Capitol and Island, where she was a senior executive.

Girlfriend of Charles Bukowski and Hunter S. Thompson's Chicano buddy Oscar Acosta, in the s. Published her first poem when she was 17 and her first book, The Double Image , six years later. In , she married American writer Mitchell Goodman and moved with him to the United States the following year.

Associated with the Black Mountain school. While in New York in Lindsay turned to poetry, and became famous as a travelling bard. In he journeyed miles on foot from Jacksonville, Florida to Kentucky, trading his poetry for food and lodging.

In , he undertook another poetry-selling trek, walking from New York City to Hiram, Ohio, and in another trip took him from Illinois to New Mexico. Two of his poems were published in Poetry Magazine in and , and from then on Lindsay was famous. A six-month journey in throughout the East and Midwest left Lindsay exhausted and depressed, and he committed suicide in by drinking a bottle of Lysol. Lipka was a football colleague of Kerouac's in Lowell High School team. He was a colleague of Kerouac's at Columbia, , where Lippman played piano with his group, The Blue Lions, a popular dance band in and around the university campus.

Lindsey became an award-winning composer, conductor, pianist and orchestrator, writing scores for many movies. He died in Malibu, California. Head football coach at Columbia University, s-'40s. A jazz enthusiast and pianist who studied at Columbia University, where Kerouac met him in , and helped him write two term papers for his music course, "Jazz and the Modern Symphony" and "The New Music" both reprinted in Moody Street Irregulars 15 , Later worked as a lawyer. Also mentioned in March, letter to John Clellon Holmes.

Took to crime and spent time in several British prisons, including Dartmoor. Fled to Tangier after a bank robbery. Met William Burroughs and Jack Kerouac there. Became a fairly significant player in Off Broadway modern theatre circles, directng and specializing in plays by Genet and Artaud, writing her own works, collaborating with the Living Theatre, and rubbing elbows with lots of top-flight talent. She even gets a mention in James Earl Jones' autobiography. Her father was movie theatre impresario Sidney Lust.

Educated at Harvard, a brilliant mathematician, later at Princeton. Mentioned in Kerouac's letter to Holmes of May 27, Later divorced, and married to an anthropologist in London. Later a member, with Kerouac, of the Young Prometheans, an intellectual discussion group. Graduated from Harvard University in , where he studied aeronautical engineering, and served in the U.

Army during World War II. An American Mystery His essay "The White Negro" was an early study of the American hipster. Malkin attended Cornell University in the early s. Attended Jack's surprise 17th birthday party. Joined army, , spending three years in Germany in Counter-Intelligence Corps. Left army and moved to Mexico City on the G.

Bill, where he met William Burroughs, The pair travelled to South America together. Burroughs dedicated his novel Junkie to A. Began writing poetry, which was published by LeRoi Jones in his magazine Yugen.

Settled in New York, Allen Ginsberg stated that the poem was the source of inspiration for his own "Kaddish. Edward Martin, born in Boston, Mass. Lived in Brooklyn, New York, and worked in trucking warehouse.

Joined Horace Mann School as history teacher in , becoming head of department. Later moved to Brooklyn, New York, with her mother. Married painter Ezio Martinelli, early s. In became the long-time muse and mistress of Ezra Pound in Washington, D. A volume of their correspondence was published as Beerspit Night and Cursing in Had fling with Neal Cassady, January President of the Debating and French Clubs.

Moved to Los Angeles to become a practising physician. Later member of Army football team, and an army colonel. A poet, playwright, songwriter, and novelist. Moved to San Francisco as a young man and found fame as one of the poets who read at the famous San Francisco Six Gallery event in His first book of poetry, Passage , was published in , and subsequent works include the poetry collections Dark Brown , Ghost Tantras , Little Odes , Rare Angel , Jaguar Skies , and Antechamber McClure's controversial play The Beard was banned in California in the s, but won awards when it transferred to New York in He also wrote "Visions of Locke.

Author of How to Make Love: The Spiritual Nature of Sex Played in the soccer team there, and later studied at Syracuse University. Of Sicilian-American descent, the son of the secretary treasurer of the eastern seaboard Mafia.

A sailor and autodidact who later took to writing, with novels such as Typee , Redburn: His First Voyage and Moby Dick The critical and financial failure of his books at the time forced him to spend his last twenty years as a customs officer in New York. They sometimes looked after Charley's young daughter Linda when he was away at sea. In Desolation Angels , Kerouac describes him as just 4ft. Born in Varennes, Quebec, but moved with her family to Nashua, New Hampshire in and remained there for the rest of her life.

She was crippled when hit by a car when young. Married Philippe Michaud, a weaver, in He died in and in she remarried, to Magoire Belanger, but they divorced six months later, due to "impotency. Played in jazz bands from age Winner of several prizes. Principle works include six symphonies; piano concerto; flute concerto; Theme and Variations for orchestra; oboe concertino; and many chamber works, some involving jazz groups. Accompanied poet ruth weiss at poetry and jazz sessions in at the Cellar, North Beach, which he partly owned.

Composer of the melody "So Beautiful. His father a contractor involved in building the gym. Later studied at Williams College. Pianist who was one of the most original and unorthodox composers and performers in jazz. Contributed to the development of bebop in the s. John worked for 14 years as a librarian, and 17 years for the U. Met Kerouac in when they climbed a twelve thousand foot ridge of the Matterhorn Mountain in Yosemite, California with Gary Snyder.

A Modernist poet and writer noted for her irony and wit. A painter who majored in art at Washington Irving college. Became the second of Norman Mailer's six wives in , and the mother of two of his children.

Mailer stabbed her at a party in and they divorced Her autobiography, The Last Party: Attended Lusk High School from One of Allen Ginsberg's first girlfriends, with whom he had an on-off affair in New York, commencing autumn Worked for the Merchant Marine in the s and '60s, often serving as a ship's receptionist. In she married Stephen Stackowski in Manhatten, and after the dissolution of that marriage continued to live in New York City, eventually settling in the Bronx.

Worked as a clerk at Lucien F. Turcotte's liquor stores, Lowell. First husband of Jack's sister Caroline Kerouac, they married in May With his wife, hosted Kerouac's surprise 17th birthday party in their house at 45 Crawford Street, Lowell. According to Father Spike, the Morissettes were a family with English roots, originally called Somerset. Her maiden name was James and she claimed to be descended from the outlaw Jesse James. Later, a member, with Kerouac, of the Young Prometheans, an intellectual discussion group.

Studied nuclear physics and worked at Brookhaven laboratories before becoming a doctor in Washington DC. Murphy was the author of the novel The Sergeant and worked for many years as a Hollywood screenwriter, serving as an early inspiration for Gonzo-journalist Hunter S. Murphy was co-owner of Slates Hot Springs bath house near Big Sur, and in helped co-found the Gestalt Practice and retreat centre Esalen Institute with his younger brother Michael. Jack stayed with the Nadeaus one summer when his parents went on holiday to Canada.

Army in and took part in the Normandy invasion, Launched the Greenwich Music Shop with Seymour Wyse, , and also founded the record labels Esoteric and Counterpoint, on which he released some of the recordings he'd made in the jazz clubs. Met Kerouac during this time. They became good friends, and Newman recorded Kerouac singing in his studio. Involved in the Woodstock, NY theatre and writing arts scenes in the s. Later interned in asylum. Supplied Burroughs with stolen tommy gun and morphine syrettes, late Kennedy's staff in Boston.

Football colleague of Kerouac's at Horace Mann School, , and also pitched for the baseball team. Jack spent weekends at his parent's house. Wise-cracking colleague of Kerouac's at Horace Mann School, Member of soccer, basketball and athletic teams. Member of Music Club, president of Glee Club, and also a fencer. Went on to study at Brown University. Worked as a pinboy in a Bowery bowling alley.

Worked as an orderly at Creedmoor State Mental Hospital, then in was drafted into the United States Army to served in the Korean War but was transferred to work as a medic in a San Francisco hospital.

While working as a model for the painter Robert LaVigne he met Allen Ginsberg, December , and they became lifelong partners. Began writing poetry in when the pair were living in Paris. With his brother Julius , a catatonic schizophrenic, and Allen Ginsberg, he appeared in the movie Me and My Brother , a documentary directed by Robert Frank.

Member of the tennis team and Stamp Club. Later worked as a machinist and part-time in the clubhouse of the Lowell golf course. Played in the football team. The Paquette family lived on Sarah Avenue, where the Kerouacs also resided, Attended Colby College, Maine. He worked as a machinist. Brother of Tom Parker. Alto sax genius jazz musician who was to play a major part in the introduction and development of bebop in the s.

Early death due to heroin and alcohol dependence. Moved to New York with her sons in and worked in publishing. Two American Tragedies , by John Leggett. Helen became the first girlfriend of Allen Ginsberg's, spring , and had brief affairs with Kerouac and folksinger "Rambling" Jack Elliott. Married Charles Jeremiah in Sarasota, Florida in , and lived there until her death, eleven years later.

Brother of Bruce Parker. A girlfriend of Kerouac's in New York, Modelled for artist Alan Wood-Thomas. Married to Italian mechanic. Had spent time in Soledad State Prison for attempted robbery. Artist, caligrapher, writer and translator, he edited the Berkeley Bussei and published some of Kerouac's haikus and an extract from Mexico City Blues. Left for Kyoto, Japan in the fall of A friend of Ginsberg's at Columbia University in the s, he later studied for a Master's degree at Berkeley University and had the occasional poem published in academic journals and anthologies.

Attended University of Kansas. Married Gene Pippin, whom she left for William Cannastra. Later married Eldred Mowrie and lived on Cape Cod. A neoconservative and a critic of the Beats. Spent time in Lowell, s. Poet, journalist and short story writer specializing in tales of mystery and imagination, such as The Fall of the House of Usher and The Pit and the Pendulum Most famous poem, "The Raven" His father was Lord Portman, who died suddenly when Michael was twelve years old.

He then received a regular allowance from his godfather, Lord Goodman, political advisor to the Labour party. Portman became infatuated with William Burroughs and was with him in London and Tangier A longtime alcoholic and heroin addict, he succumbed to a heart attack at the age of He was the editor of the Times Literary Supplement from to Also known as "Uncle Dunc.

Pyne was an English teacher at Lowell High School, s, who took great interest in Kerouac, and his "appreciation of Emily Dickinson and general American poetry. In a new school named after Joseph G. Pyne was opened on Boylston Street, Lowell. Football colleague of Kerouac's at Horace Mann School, , and also member of the basketball team. Studied at the Art Institute of Chicago and became involved in the anarchist movement. Spent some time in Greenwich Village, New York, then hitched around the country before settling in San Francisco.

A central figure in the San Francisco Renaissance, he helped organise the famous Six Gallery poetry event where he acted as master of ceremonies. Rexroth's poetry is published in Complete Poems Classmate and close friend of Kerouac's at Horace Mann School, Skilful pianist, and member of Music Club and Speakers' Forum. Jack spent weekends at his home. Went on to Colorado College. Later to become captain of the Columbia varsity, and a doctor. Member of Dracut Tigers football team, Athletics, football and swimming star.

Went on to Dartmouth College. Ginsberg VD , Dr. Rosenthal resigned and moved to New York where he founded Big Table and published the same material in full While in Morocco, Rosenthal was deeply affected by the death of a friend he had met there and began writing Sheeper.

He hoped that his novel would reveal the true cause of Mohammed's death and serve as a memorial to him. Sheeper was published in and contains references to many Beat characters.

Classmate and friend of Kerouac's at Horace Mann School, A member of the baseball and soccer teams. Jack spent weekends at his apartment on Riverside Drive.

Occasionally worked as high-class call girl to support her heroin habit. Ginsberg kept a portrait of her on his mantle, painted by Little Jack Melody. Later returned to Detroit, married, and had two children. Spent his final years in Hawaii.

Navy during World War II as an aviation radioman. Later worked as shipper and receiver for the W. Grace chemical company at Acton, Mass. Graduated from Boston College, , with degree in journalism.

Columnist on the Lowell Sun , and later news editor. A career diplomat in the U. Inherited the Kerouac estate from Stella upon her death in Owned a dry cleaning business. Sister of Kerouac's third wife, Stella Sampas. Obtained Master's degree in psychology from Marietta College, Ohio. Inherited Kerouac's On the Road scroll following the death of his sister Stella, His poetry includes the collection Smoke and Steel Their partnership was dissolved in June Manuel was born in Portugal.

He and his wife Esther raised two sons; he was also actively involved in Portuguese-American civic and political life in Lowell. Made recordings in Chicago, s. Neal considered taking saxophone lessons from Ed Saucier in , but it did not happen. A friend of Kerouac and Ginsberg, and boyfriend of Vickie Russell in the s; "a nut on Reichian Analysis," "a writer of 'lush' rococo novels.

After retiring from the film industry, he relocated to Prescott, Arizona, for a number of years, and thereafter to Ajijic, Mexico, where he spent his final years.

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