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Sunday clothing was washed infrequently. Usually, they were spot cleaned and hung up to air out. There were no dry cleaners for non-washable fabrics, nor would they have spent the money for such frivolities.
His dress shirts were washed perhaps after every second or third wearing. Their first electric wringer-style washing machine was purchased after they obtained rural electricity. Prior to electricity, earlier styles utilized kerosene to run their motors, but my great aunt and uncle never owned one of those machines. Ironing was another all-day chore. They were placed on top of the wood stove to get hot, so it was beneficial to have two irons in order to have one hot iron to work with while the other was re-heating.
Later they had hollow irons, so that hot coals could be placed inside. All of these irons were very heavy and were never reliable insofar as how hot or cool they were. Oftentimes, these irons left spots of soot on their clothing, which created more work for my great-aunt. Laundry and ironing practices have changed drastically through the years. Fortunately, I still have a couple of old scrub boards and irons in my possession to remind me that I should never complain about having to press a few items of clothing after removing them from my clothes dryer that has a wrinkle-free cycle.
On the 8th instant a rowdy of the neighborhood passes through the camp of the company and deliberately shot off his revolver among the soldiers, fortunately doing no damage, he put spurs to his horse and succeeded in making his escape, although the men fired their guns after him. Refusing to surrender the troops fired a volley at him, and think him killed, although he and his horse disappeared in the brush, and night prevented further pursuit.
There have been seven murders committed in Round Top within the past twelve months, all owing to the fact that the civil authorities are impotent against a few lawless vagabonds. We believe the above to be true, because it accords with explanations given at headquarters of the frequent escape of these outlaws. Red tape so binds our military that with thousands of revelers rusting in the arsenals and cords of carbines, our soldiers cannot get hold of them, but must borrow from citizens when going into a fight.
Imagine a scene like the above and then think how inexpressibly funny it must be to see soldiers running to all the corner for groceries for weapons, because a fight is on hand. Horses innumerable scour the plains of Texas and yet soldiers ride borrowed nags--this red tap, this is system, this is downright nonsense. We have no patience with this way of doing business. In these days of emancipation, we ought to emancipate our offers from the bondage of red tape.
During the second year of the Republic of Texas, Fayette County was created out of Bastrop and Colorado Counties on December 14, and officially organized in January of But beginning in , some seventeen years prior to that, the land that would make up Fayette County was a part of Stephen F.
Austin's first colony, granted in early by the Spanish Governor of Texas. Austin had been given the right to settle three-hundred Anglo-American families in Texas, and almost immediately the first of those settlers began arriving to lay claim to land, mostly along the Colorado and Brazos Rivers. Then in , after only about one hundred of those families had arrived in Texas, the Mexican Revolution successfully overthrew the rule of Spain.
Suddenly Austin's colony was in jeopardy and he was forced to leave Texas and travel to Mexico City to convince the new Mexican government to approve his grant of land. While Austin was in Mexico City for over 16 months in and , his first settlers were not finding Texas a very hospitable land. A crop failure and increased problems with various tribes of Indians seriously threatened the success of the venture. There were also no Mexican Army troops in Texas to help guard against increasing instances of theft, intimidation and the attack on the few settlers by hostile Indians.
New immigration into Austin's colony stopped. Luckily for all concerned, the Mexican Governor of Texas, Jose Felix Trespalacios, recognized the delicate balance between success and failure of the colony. As a result, Governor Trespalacios sent Baron De Bastrop to the settlements on the Colorado River in December of , authorizing the settlers to organize a militia command to defend against hostile Indians and also elect two alcaldes, or Justices of the Peace.
One of those magistrates was elected in the "Colorado District" and the other in the "Brazos District" to rule on civil and criminal matters. The Colorado District was the first governing body organized in what would eventually include Fayette and Colorado counties. When taken with other records, it is confirmed that a constable, not a ranger, a marshal or a sheriff was the first lawman in Anglo-American Texas, and that the attitude of "a few" toward this office has not changed in almost years.
In , the family moved to Texas and settled with a large number of slaves near the site of present-day Victoria. Four years later, the Ledbetter family moved to Fayette County and established a small plantation there. William, the third of nine children, was educated in Fayette and Washington counties and began to study law in He was admitted to the bar in and set up a lucrative practice in La Grange, the seat of Fayette County.
In he was commissioned a lieutenant in Company I of Col. Flournoy's Sixteenth Confederate Texas Infantry. In he was captured by Union forces at the battle of Pleasant Hill; he was freed in an exchange shortly thereafter. Later that year, having been mustered out of the Confederate Army, he went to Austin as a representative in the lower house of the Tenth Legislature.
He returned to Fayette County in , nearly bankrupt as a result of losing twenty slaves and a good deal of valuable property in the war. He once again took up the practice of law and in was elected as a Democrat to the Texas Senate, where he served until He thereafter served several terms as mayor of La Grange.
Ledbetter was one of the most prominent citizens of Fayette County. Ledbetter was married twice. William Ledbetter was found dead on April 24, , in his home in La Grange by his wife upon her return from a trip to Virginia. His family had been away from home and he been taking his meals at the hotel in La Grange. He had also been out and about the day before he passed away.
Death was believed to result from heart failure. It is this man that town of Ledbetter, Texas is named after. Generosity and appreciation are two qualities which have always been abundant in American soldiers as they served around the world in various wars and police actions. Lev of Praha, Texas was no exception. Private Lev was twenty-six years old when he was a soldier serving in New Guinea.
He was shot in the stomach by a Japanese sniper in late July, As he lay dying, Lev begged a soldier friend of his to write his parents a letter regarding his last will. He wanted all the money that was his life saving to be given to the missionaries in New Guinea.
Lev had personally been witness to the hard work and extreme conditions under which the missionaries worked. The letter received at the headquarters of the mission in Illinois was from the Reverend John Anders. The letter explained that Private Lev had always had a great interest in foreign missions and was an ardent supporter of their work.
Private Lev has a marker in the cemetery at Praha. The marker states that he was killed in action on Luzon Island. Luzon is an island in the Philippine archipelago. This is several hundred miles from New Guinea. This cemetery is located on the east coast of the Huon Peninsula, approximately 50 miles north of Port Moresby, New Guinea.
Robison was the first to represent this district in the First Congress that convened at Columbia, on the Brazos, in the latter part of and in February, He had just returned home when he and his brother, Walter Robison, were both on their way to see a gentleman on business and were killed by the Indians on Commings Cummins Creek. The same day Mr. Spalding, who married the young lady. Moore, had the pleasure of guarding the captured Santa Anna.
He was the first justice of the peace commissioned in the county. Monroe Hill of Fayetteville; I. Hill of Round Top; Col. Robison of Warrenton; and John E. Lewis of La Grange. Cars commenced running to that place on the first of January, last It is a two-story building and very convenient for businessmen. Bradshaw, Holloway and Bryan, and is edited by the able editor, Lewis R. The Journal is a weekly newspaper…. It is a splendid forty column paper, well supported. After graduating from the University of Virginia, he moved to Hopkinsville, Kentucky where he studied law.
After practicing law a short time, he moved to Princeton, Kentucky and taught school. In , at the age of 54, Lindsay moved to Texas and began practicing law in La Grange.
The move was not centered around his career, but rather because he intended to join his daughter there. The society was organized to aid families whose fathers and sons had left their farms and homes to go fight during the Civil War.
Lindsay had a son-in-law Ben Shropshire who was fighting in the war. Shropshire later became known as a popular Confederate hero. While in La Grange, Lindsay had a clash with a townsman. One August morning at about 9: Brown in front of G. The ordeal must not have had much of an impact on his reputation. He was appointed an associate justice of the Texas Supreme Court about a month later. After the war in , US military authorities replaced the current members of the Texas Justices of the Supreme Court who had been Confederate supporters of secession and were considered hindrances to reconstruction with justices that would adhere more to the needs and orders of the U.
Lindsay was appointed as one of these new justices on September 10, by the occupying Union forces because of his moderate views and general dislike for slavery.
Together, these justices formed a Military Court of justices in Texas during the Reconstruction era. At that time, the area was occupied by federal troops, but there were many confrontations between the troops and the ex-Confederate soldiers of Fayette County. It was at about this time fall of that the Yellow Fever epidemic hit La Grange. Livingston himself was affected; several of his family members contracted the disease. His concern can be seen in his letter written to Governor Pease in October of Our mutual friend, Dr.
Evans, and his daughter, very unexpectedly to me, and to my great surprise, from the report I had heard of their cases, both departed this life last night, and will be buried to day. The Epidemic has not abated here, so far as there are subjects left for its actions. I have three new cases, in the past thirty-six hours, in my own family. Whether they will be fatal, or not, I cannot judge, till further developments. This leaves only two in my family yet to have it -- a grand child and a servant.
I don't know certainly -- but it does appear to me that this favor [sic] has proved more fatal here -- than it has ever been anywhere in the South, or even in the West Indies. Just to think of it -- one hundred and seventy deaths, in a period of a little over four weeks, in a population, all told, of not more than , when all the re-sidents were at home; and during the Epidemic, more than half; yea, I believe, two-thirds of the population, had fled their homes!
I trust the malady has nearly spent its force, and our afflicted people may soon be relieved from this awful visitation. With my best wishes for your health and happiness,. I am almost worn down with care and nursing, and I am fearful I shall not be able to reach Austin as early as I anticipated. But, as soon as I can come, in justice to those dependent upon me, I will come. The Yellow Fever disease first hit Galveston repeatedly, but in the fall of , it came inland, wrecking more havoc.
The disease could strike quickly too; a person could be healthy one day and then dead three days later. In La Grange, people died so quickly that the funeral homes had no room to store the bodies. Sometimes they were piled inside the cemetery grounds where they were later buried in large, circular shaped mass graves.
However, there were instances in which Lindsay stayed conservative. Southwestern Historical Quarterly explains a case involving the selling of slaves in in which Lindsay allowed the sale of slaves despite the arrival of the Emancipation Proclamation in Texas in June of Generally though, Lindsay was against slavery.
It is noted that in , local Fayette County blacks marched military style and with arms into La Grange to vote. Their response to those asking why they came this way with weapons was that Lindsay had warned them it would be needed for their protection.
Lindsay was one of the more moderate members of the Constitutional Convention when he attended it from Lindsay served on the Texas Supreme Court as a justice until when the court was reorganized and the number of judges was reduced from five to three. Lindsay was a member and Senior Warden of St.
He also served as Fayette County Attorney in the s. Henry Charles Loehr was born Jan 30 , in the Bluff community. As a 16 yr old, he rode a freight train to the state of Illinois. There, Henry attending the Weltner School of Healing and supported himself by working on a farm growing corn. After graduation, he returned home. He worked on the family farm for a while and courted Anna Hausmann. Henry then traveled to West Texas, settled near San Angelo and engaged in sheep farming.
One year later, he returned home to claim his bride, Anna, whom he married in He took his new bride and returned to West Texas. The couple was blessed with one son, Robert, born in in Irion County.
After several more years of ranching, Henry decided to return to La Grange. His success in the sheep industry allowed Henry to rent a complete train to relocate his homestead.
In one railroad car, he put all his sheep, and another he loaded with his horses, buggy and wagon. A third car was filled with his household items and supplies. Henry, Anna and Robert enjoyed the ride in a Pullman car all to themselves.
They arrived at the La Grange stock pens, and were met by Anna's brother, Louis. He quickly resumed his ranching business, where Henry, an expert with a rope, was known by all as "Being Born in the Saddle. Henry's reputation as a faith healer took root. From ledgers handed down through the family, the clientele list was very large. His healing was much like acupuncture and chiropractic medicine.
Patients would come from miles around and wait their turn sitting on his front porch, to receive healing. He was strong in his convictions and stressed daily to all his patients that "all healing came directly from God.
He also gave "absent" treatments, whereby he would sit and meditate on a patient who might not be able to come to him for treatment. He healed people for over 40 years until his death. Loehr had a very gentle nature, but was stern in idealistic values. He was in love with nature and went to all means to protect it and taught his son, Robert, to do the same.
Henry died in and Anna died on June 3, Both are buried with the Loehr family members at Williams Creek Cemetery. The home in which he practice is still located on the bluff and is owned by the Lloyd G.
Loehr family and is being restored to its original state as much as possible. You've heard of people being in the wrong place at the wrong time. A travelling couple's stop to rest at Carmine in could have cost them their lives at the hands of local law enforcement. It had all started with an attempted robbery at the Round Top State Bank.
Very early on the previous Saturday morning, A. Krause, who lived across the street from the Round Top bank, was awakened by the steady noise of a hammer coming from the direction of the bank. He tried to call Sheriff Will Loessin in La Grange, but no one was awake to make the connections for the call. He then began firing his shotgun to rouse his neighbors and three men were seen running toward their car, leaving their pliers, crowbars, etc.
They had entered through the back door and had been attempting to dig through the seven-layer brick wall of the bank vault. The sheriff was finally reached by telephone "in a round about way" and found fingerprints and other clues, but did not catch the culprits. This set the scene for what happened in Carmine the following Friday morning. Local newspapers differed on whether the couple had traveled from Illinois or Indiana, but on Thursday evening, November 13, Mr.
Day, a traveling salesman, and his wife, Doris, were en route from Houston to Austin. A storm was approaching and Mr. Day stopped at Carmine to rest. Parking near a filling station seemed like a safe place to spend the night, so Mrs. Day took the rear seat while Mr. Day slept on the front seat. The storm came through after midnight, accompanied by lightning that struck a wire leading to the burglar alarm in the Carmine State Bank.
Sheriff Will Loessin was alerted and, with Deputy T. Flournoy, sped over to Carmine where they noticed the out-of-state license plates on the parked Day automobile.
Sheriff Loessin approached the auto and demanded that any occupants get out. The travelers were awake by this time and, while trying to sit up, Mr. Day accidently set off his car horn. Having just dealt with the attempted robbery in Round Top, the sheriff thought Mr. Day was signaling accomplices. He opened fire on the car, hitting the wife with buckshot in the back and hip as she rose from her prone position.
Much to Sheriff Will's distress, her wounds were serious enough to summon an ambulance to take her to La Grange. Surgery was performed and a week later she was still recuperating in the hospital, while the embarrassing story made the rounds in area newspapers. The episode was just a false alarm, but the Carmine bank was indeed robbed in , in , and again in On April 16, , "Commissioners' court met in special session Monday morning, having several important matters to be acted upon and without much delay set to work.
Unanimous was the decision of the members to buy a modern machine gun for the sheriff's department. This will enable the sheriff and his deputies to cope with the situation, should it materialize, when bandits invade a section and drive all opposition before them because of their machine gun fire.
Apparently the procurement processes in were a lot more streamlined than today because three weeks later in the May 3 edition of the journal this article appeared:. All had to take a look at the fast repeater, and see how it "worked. The Journal desires not to be funny, in mentioning this, but Jim did not notice what several others noticed. Out in the street, and standing near to an automobile, was a salesman, he had probably placed some groceries in the vehicle.
When he saw the machine gun pointed directly at his body, and Jim Flourney wafting it from sided to side, this salesman became nervous. Maybe it will not have to be put to use, can't say; but, the reader will remember the remark of the old woodsman who had neglect a part of his raiment: Nellie was born in La Grange one hundred twenty-five years ago on September 25, to Mr.
Lane, a Methodist preacher and farmer who later became a Flatonia merchant. Jonathan Lane served two terms as a state senator, while his brother, Charles E.
Lane, served two terms as a state representative. Mann, a native of Illinois, married in and made their home in La Grange. A daughter, Vivian, was born in and then Nellie arrived two years later. She was described as a bright and merry child, both lovely and loving.
On the Christmas Eve that she was five years old, Nellie, her sister, and another little girl were playing near a fireplace in her home on South Main Street when her clothing caught fire. Her mother heard her screams and rushed in and wrapped her in a foot mat to extinguish the flames, but Nellie's back had been burned raw and part of her hair was burned to her scalp.
Local newspapers reported the accident and, for a while, it looked as though she would recover, but on Monday night, January 3rd, , Nellie passed away at her home. According to The Journal , the sad words, "Nellie is dead," passed from lip to lip. She was laid to rest in the Old City Cemetery the following day. Nellie's heartbroken parents had a fanciful gazebo-like structure built over her grave.
Reichert told me that it had curtains that were drawn on stormy nights, because little Nellie was afraid of storms. Its corner posts held shelves for small toys that might amuse her.
A younger brother, Roy, was born in , but the family was soon split even further apart. Though the couple remained married, Ridie moved with her children to Houston where she lived for the rest of her life. Adam Mann stayed in La Grange, boarding in other people's homes as he served Fayette County as deputy county clerk and then deputy tax collector. Mann died in and his wife passed away in In death, the couple was reunited next to Nellie's grave.
The curtains and toys are long gone, but Nellie's unique playhouse is occasionally painted and re-roofed. Every few years her grave is featured on the Ghosts and Gravestones cemetery tours and the story of little Nellie Mann is shared once again.
Manton, soldier and writer of an eyewitness account of the Dawson massacre , was born at Johnston, Rhode Island on September 16, In , he came to Texas with his brother, Henry, and settled in central Fayette County. For this service he received a acre bounty grant of land.
In September of the same year, Gen. Nicholas Dawson who assembled Fayette County volunteers to help repel the invasion. There were about fifteen men who met and gathered under the historic oak tree in La Grange, where valiant men continued to muster in subsequent wars. The volunteers crossed the Colorado River on a ferry run by a Mr. Kornegay, Richard Barckley, N. Faison, Joel Robinson, Allen H. Cunningham died at Leona on the 19 th September, At the intercession of Gen.
Waddy Thompson , Manton was released on March 23, and returned to his plantation near La Grange, where he wrote an eye-witness account of the Dawson massacre. He renamed the spring, Manton Spring, and resided near that location until his death on August 20, Dawson and the men under him who fell at the battle of Salado on September 18, , and also to the Mier Prisoners, who drew black beans and were executed on March 23, , after including an amendment by Mr.
Appearing before the committee urging the appropriations were Hon. Edward Manton, widow of Edward T. Lane of Fayette County. That monument honoring those brave men still stands on the east side of the Fayette County Courthouse. A provision of Stephen F.
There being only one known priest that visited the colony, Father Miguel Muldoon, who spent a lot of time in Mexico. So to keep the colony growing spiritually, morally, and population wise, Austin authorized Marriage Bond ceremonies to be performed between a couple who could not wait the sometimes year or more for the priest to show up to perform a proper Catholic wedding, which was not high on their list of rituals. The following is a Marriage Bond issued in concerning the offspring of two families of Fayette County colonists.
All original punctuation and spelling has been retained. Austin then issued a proclamation that he had witnessed the ceremony and it was legal, at least in the eyes of the colonists. It has been noted that more than one Catholic wedding was attended by the children of the bride and groom. Two brothers born in Fayette County in the latter half of the 19th century pursued architectural careers that took them from humble origins to being recognized as successful, highly-acclaimed designers of outstanding homes and buildings.
Their story begins with the emigration of their grandparents, George H. Originally from Liegnitz, Silesia, they moved to Oldenburg, Prussia and then immigrated to Texas in and settled in Fayette County. Wertzner, who supposedly influenced Joseph Biegel to select his league in Fayette County, then purchased 1, acres from Biegel in and sold it in parcels to new settlers.
By , George, Jr. In , he married Sophie Steves, the year old daughter of Siegbert Steves, a cabinetmaker in Fayetteville, and wife, Hendrina Zeuven.
The Steves were some of the earliest German settlers in Fayetteville, having emigrated because of the Revolution of and economic pressures in Germany. Their home is still standing behind the two-story Masonic Lodge building located on the northeast corner of the square in Fayetteville.
In , George Mauer, Sr. He apparently had died by mid, when his wife, Emilie, sold their acreage in the Biegel settlement. After that transaction, Emilie and her son, George, Jr. At some point, George, Jr. He was also a county commissioner for four years from to Louis Mauer, their eldest son born in , became an architect, most likely being influenced to do so by several family acquaintances through marriages, all of whom were well-established businessmen.
Axel was not only educated as an architect in Heidelburg, Germany, but also studied law and became an attorney, and then a real estate developer. It is quite possible that Axel mentored or assisted Louis with his aspirations to become an architect.
He later received his law degree and joined Axel in the real estate business in San Antonio, where they developed the Meerscheidt Riverside Addition, as well as other early subdivisions. Louis first worked on his own in La Grange and designed the magnificent H.
Luckett House, a Queen Anne-style room house with double wraparound galleries and ornately carved interior woodwork. Mauer then partnered with a Mr. Wesling after ; their office was located on the second floor in a building on West Colorado Street that was built by Axel Meerscheidt and John Schumacher, a local bank owner.
The post office occupied the east half of the first floor of the building from to After a jewelry store vacated the other side in , the First National Bank took its place. Eventually, the bank purchased the entire building. The architectural firm of Mauer and Wesling designed an impressive, innovative two-story brick building that was built in for Fey and Braunig, photographers, in Hallettsville on the south side of the square.
The second floor was used as their photography studio, and a stationery store was housed below. With its unique glass skylights and curved front windows, it was the first building of its kind west of the Mississippi to be used exclusively as a photography studio.
Mauer was also a supplier of building materials in La Grange in the s, but that business went bankrupt. He eventually moved to San Francisco, where he worked as an architect and associate editor for an architectural publication, contributing articles on waterproofing methods.
He later moved to New York City, where he had a successful career until he retired. In his earlier years there, he designed a four-story family apartment building in the Bronx and a nine and a half-story store and office building in Then in , he designed the Hotel on the Hudson in Nyack, NY, followed by a six-story warehouse in New York City in and a five-story tenement building in He never married and died in Philadelphia, PA at the age of 81 in Apparently, his brother and other family acquaintances influenced his decision to pursue a career in architecture as well.
He may also have had their financial assistance to be able to attend the prestigious Pratt Institute in Brooklyn, NY, where he received his education in architectural design. After returning to Texas, Henry Mauer moved to Beaumont, TX, where there was a building boom due to the successful lumber and shipping industries, as well as the wealth generated by the discovery of oil at Spindletop in They had one son, Henry Conrad, Jr.
He incorporated local materials with the most advanced electrical, heating and plumbing systems of the time. His most outstanding design was for the striking and distinctive McFadden-Ward House, a 12, square foot, three-story Beaux Arts Colonial Style home built in Di Vernon Averill commissioned Mauer to build the home; however, she then traded homes with her brother, William H.
The Averills had considerable wealth from the cattle business, rice farming and commercial real estate, and McFaddin also owned part interest in the land where oil was discovered at Spindletop. The home was occupied by the same family for 75 years and was added to the National Register of Historic Places in It is one of the few house museums in the United States in which the original furnishings are still intact and on display.
Henry Conrad Mauer died at the age of 66 years in Beaumont in He and his brother, Louis, each left an impressive legacy of architectural accomplishments in three different states, but their story began on a farm in Fayette County.
The coming of electricity is probably the most important event that changed people's lives, especially in rural areas.
Electricity not only brought electric lights and water pumps, but also perhaps the most single important appliance, the refrigerator. However, the evolution of refrigeration also brought about the end of meat clubs, also known as beef clubs.
A meat club generally consisted of a group of five to seven individuals, but there could be as many as ten in a group. One member of the group was designated to be the butcher.
Clubs were organized for the purpose of having fresh meat weekly, and the process was fairly straightforward. Each week one of the club members donated a steer or a heifer to be butchered. The butcher did not have to contribute an animal; his participation in the group was the butchering process.
There were occasions when inferior calves were delivered to the butcher. If the same group member continued to deliver inferior calves over a long period of time, then that person was asked to leave the meat club or produce a better steer or heifer. After the calf was butchered, the meat was divided into as many portions as there were members. If there were seven members in the group, including the butcher, then the calf was divided into seven portions. Butchering was usually done on Friday or Saturday, so that there would be fresh meat for the weekend in case company were to come.
If the butchering was done on a Friday, however, it was more challenging for Catholics, who did not eat meat on Friday. Once the meat arrived home from the butcher, some of it may have been prepared for the evening meal, but most of it was fried up and then placed in large containers of lard. Usually, crocks with lids were used for preserving meat in this manner. Lard preserved the meat for a long period of time, because it served as a barrier against bacteria. Oftentimes, the lard-covered meat was stored in a cistern house to keep it cooler.
Some individuals would take a portion of their meat, wrap it up and place it in a bucket down into the water well to keep it cool for a day or two.
The entire process changed with the coming of electricity and refrigeration. Most people then butchered their own calf at home.
Once the calf was butchered, the meat was wrapped and placed in the freezer compartment of the refrigerator. Because of limited freezer space, most people butchered a calf with their relatives and then divided the meat. Just think how wonderful it was for people to have meat every single day of the week throughout the year. The Fayette County Medical Society was formed in Although the meetings were held in La Grange all doctors of Fayette County were invited to join including general doctors as well as surgeons, dentists and other specialty doctors.
The society met annually to compare notes, give an account of their experiences during the year and discuss matters beneficial to both themselves and their patients. Though the membership of the society was not large it was composed of gentleman who stood high in their professions and who took great interest and pride in promoting its usefulness.
Many well-known doctors of Fayette County were members of this society. Some of the more prominent members included W. Just as many patients question the fees of medical doctors and hospitals today, many in the community thought that the society was formed for the purpose of fixing the fees of the physicians in the county.
But the society members firmly stated that the group was formed merely to enhance communication and cooperation among the different physicians, which in the end would help patient care in the county. At the annual meeting, usually held every January, the physicians would discuss many topics including some that are still controversial today.
For example, at the meeting in , Dr. Renfro read a paper that discussed abortion that created considerable discussion between himself and Drs. Lunn, Smith and McKinney.
They would also discuss new treatments as well as different illnesses that were affecting Fayette County. They would talk at length about the necessity of maintaining sanitary conditions in Fayette County towns so there would not be another yellow fever outbreak like the terrible tragedy of The doctors also discussed what medical issues were affecting surrounding counties and how these could impact Fayette County.
Each doctor would speak of medical cases that he had and what treatment he gave so that they could try to improve patient care. After the discussions the members would vote on officers and decide who would be the delegate to the Texas State Medical Association.
After the meeting was adjourned the members would meet at a local La Grange eatery where a banquet was prepared for them and a lively discussion with members, as well as invited guests, was had over bottles of fine wines and liquors. While browsing through old newspapers, the advertisements are oftentimes the most entertaining. In a November edition of The Fayette County Record, there were multiple ads for physicians, dentists and druggists, some of which were quite amusing.
Another ad by Hermes explained that if a customer purchased one item at their sale, another item from their special selection could be purchased for one cent — what a deal! Those were the days before antibiotics, FDA regulations and research studies, so there were many products that may have been palliative, but not curative, and surely did not fulfill all of the advertised promises. Many times, the various tonics were a blend of alcohol and various herbal elixirs, some of which were sold by charlatan traveling salesmen.
Of course, the alcohol was the primary ingredient that had a definite effect on numbing the pain. Thank goodness that we have our modern day medical technology and pharmaceuticals. Our family physician thought that I was too young to have my tonsils removed due to the fear that the use of ether as an anesthetic would be harmful at such a young age. Having to take that nasty tonic left an indelible imprint in my brain.
In the 19th and early 20th centuries, many people resorted to home remedies to treat their ailments. If their medical conditions worsened, they may have summoned a country doctor to come to their homes.
Unfortunately, that might have been too late, especially for conditions like bacterial infections, pneumonia, appendicitis or post-partum hemorrhaging. Some of the old home remedies have been proven to actually help certain conditions.
For example, eating two or three cloves of garlic a day was recommended to control hypertension. Studies have shown that garlic actually does have a positive effect on blood pressure. Eating honey was a remedy for hay fever. We now know that local honey helps build up immunity against pollens that can cause allergies. There were a variety of remedies for boils and other pustular lesions.
If an infection was very superficial, cleaning the area with soap and water and covering it with a clean bandage would have definitely helped. An ointment made of goose grease and sulfur powder, or applications of prickly pear cactus pulp were also used. Sore throats were treated in a variety of ways. I recall being given two or three drops of kerosene on a teaspoon of sugar twice a day. Gargling with warm water with salt and baking soda, or sipping on a mixture of honey and lemon juice were simple remedies that are still used today.
That probably acted as a rubefacient, which is something that causes capillary dilation and warmth in the area. Mustard plasters that were applied to the chest for colds and bronchitis had the same effect. Eventually, Vicks Vaporub and Mentholatum replaced mustard plasters. Chicken noodle soup has always been a recommended remedy for the common cold. Although not a cure, the steam from the hot soup helps loosen congestion, the salt and warmth soothes a sore throat, plus the soup may also have anti-inflammatory properties.
Rheumatism and backaches were treated with a liniment made with shaved camphor dissolved in alcohol or with a mixture of one part turpentine to two parts sweet oil. Earaches were also treated with warm sweet oil or smoke blown into the ear through a paper funnel. Both of these remedies provided warmth inside the ear, which had a short-term palliative effect, but provided little long-term relief.
Oil of cloves was used for a toothache; it is still a remedy that provides some numbing relief until a dentist can tend to the problem. A spoonful of honey or sugar was supposed to cure the hiccups. Insect stings were treated with a moist tobacco product or baking soda paste. Raw garlic or onion was also rubbed on bee stings for relief. A mixture of buttermilk and salt was used for poison ivy, although if it had progressed to the open blister stage, salt would have been more of an irritant than a remedy.
Castor oil was often used as a laxative. I can still recall being given that awful-tasting stuff mixed in orange juice. Paregoric, which is a camphorated tincture of opium, was used as an antidiarrheal, an expectorant and cough medication, as well as a calming remedy for babies with colic.
When rubbed on the gums of babies, it provided a soothing relief from teething pain. Eventually, over-the-counter and prescription medications replaced most of the home remedies that were used by our ancestors, who depended upon their ingenuity or traditions passed down from generation to generation to take care of their minor health needs. Some of the remedies may have been effective, but unfortunately, the prompt attention that certain conditions required was oftentimes delayed by the prior use of a variety of non-effective concoctions.
We now have an abundance of non-prescription products to take care of every minor medical need, but thankfully, we also have the resources to obtain prompt professional attention when the need arises. Doctors traveled from house to house on horseback or in a horse drawn buggy. There were few hospitals, no fancy equipment or insurance companies. They hoped to get paid in cash for their services but many times they had to accept bartered payments or none at all.
Manly was a physician and an ordained minister. He was most likely the first practicing doctor in this area. He set up an office in La Grange in where he performed surgery and midwife duties.
He was upfront about his fees and expected payment in cash. He presumed no one would be dissatisfied with these fees, as he would give his entire attention to the business of his profession by serving the people promptly by day or night, without regard to distance or weather conditions. Kenzie Routh settled in Fayette County around He visited his patients astride either his horse or mule carrying his medicines in saddlebags. Routh was widely consulted for eye trouble; and he more or less converted his home into a hospital for patients who came a great distance with such ailments.
When a patient arrived he never asked, "What about the money? If he wasn't paid, he had the satisfaction of knowing he had rendered a worthwhile service. On one occasion he was called to an obstetrical case twelve miles from home.
After caring for the patient all night and well into the next morning, he was asked the amount of his fee. It was only ten dollars. The farmer replied, "Well doctor, that is nice; it just balances my charge for your board and horse feed while you were here. Routh seeing the humor agreed that it was quite nice. His practice in Schulenburg provided him with several challenging cases. A local businessman was shot in the abdomen.
Walker was treating the wounded man, his assisting physician fainted so Dr. Walker called upon his three-year-old daughter, Mary Ann, to wipe away the blood as he removed the man's watch and fragments of his chain that had been blown into his abdomen. He sewed up the man's intestines; he recovered and lived for many years.
There were no hospitals outside of the cities and Dr. Walker was probably the only surgeon between Houston and San Antonio who used his home to accommodate his patients. Accidents always occurred during the ginning season and many a man was brought to the doctor with his arm in shreds. The patient was placed in an elegantly upholstered operating chair where Dr. Walker would do what he could. Few arms could be saved and many had to be amputated. Surgery was often crude but usually effective.
Walker was most careful, having the reputation of rarely losing a case to blood poisoning. He did everything from removing cataracts to major abdominal operations, with a record of success that favorably compared to any of the city doctors. It began with medicine shows.
In those days, there was hackberry trees all around Round Top, all around the square. A show put up a tent right there. At that time, it was customary anybody that uses the Square pays a dollar and the town Marshall has to collect it. This outlaw just happened to be the town Marshall. In prohibition times, he made whiskey.
So he come up there to this Austrian who ran the medicine show who had rattlesnakes tattooed all over his chest and arms and everything. The man was choking him and all the Marshall did was I never learned what happened to him. He had a long beard and he had about nine kids. He had a son Snoogie and he was the same way. Back in the 20s through 40s there was great excitement, usually once or twice a year when the news was announced that the show on wheels, The Medicine Show, was coming to town.
Some of the owners of these shows rented the Ellinger auditorium or the Pastime Theater building to sell their wares, including medicines that were a sure cure for all ills, as well as candy, popcorn, snow cones, etc.
Others set up their tents, bleachers and stages on the outside. Kermit also remembers when in the s Mr. Melcher showed silent movies behind the Roznov store in Roznov area of the Ben Halamicek home. They were in black and white, and music would accompany the movie. Schiege traveled around and showed movies in Park, Roznov, Ellinger and Fayetteville. In Fayetteville, the movies were shown in a tent on a vacant lot across from the fire station on the corner of Franklin and Washington Streets near the railroad track.
Schiege and his wife lived in a two-story house that was located where the Fayetteville Bank has its parking lot today. Eugene Michalsky remembers in the fifties that Snoogie Schiege was a short fellow, white-faced probably from a lack of sunshine for he did most of his work in the evenings into the night , smoking a cigar and bringing movies to the Dawn Theater in Fayetteville and the Pastime Theater in Ellinger.
Theater tickets were from 15 to 25 cents. Michalsky owned the Pastime Theater building when it burned in The first drive-in movie theater opened in Camden, NJ in Originally, audio was provided by speakers on the screen. Later patrons parked next to a post which had a speaker attached to it, and viewed the movie from the car.
Before the war, there had been approximately major drive-ins nationwide. The drive-in craze began to build very strongly following the end of the Second World War.
At their peak, which most experts agree was in , there were almost drive-ins. Teenagers with limited incomes developed an ingenious method to see drive-in movies for free: To ensure one person was not continually stuck with paying, the ticket cost was often rotated or split among the friends.
Modern drive-ins were built after the war. The SkyHigh was very popular, neat, and exceptionally clean. Destroyed by Hurricane Carla in , it was located where Dr. The concession stand, also called a snack bar, is where the drive-in made most of its money. The typical snack bar offered any food that could be served quickly, such as hot dogs, pizza, hamburgers, popcorn, soft drinks, candy and French fries.
They also sold mosquito repellant coils that could be burned. The smoke would keep mosquitoes out of the car. Today, there are fewer than drive-ins in the United States.
Investment costs in land have made it harder to invest in drive-ins. Meyer, owner of the Pastime Theater, was the projection man, and his able assistant, Robert Roesler, ran the theater back in the 20s and 30s with Mrs. Norma Meyer being cashier. According to Norbert Vrazel, Mr. Meyer went out of the theater business, its operation was taken over for few years, first by C. Schiege and later by Bernard Stojanik. Many indoor theaters have not survived for one reason or another.
I went to many movies there throughout the Fifties and into the Sixties. My cousin, Tom Rohde, operated the popcorn machine for years. Years ago in the late s, and in the summer, before cars had air conditioning, my friends went to see a movie at the Cozy Theater in La Grange.
Traveling to town, the car ran over a skunk. When they got seated in the theater, they noticed that people got up and moved away from them and sat in a different part of the theater. Herbrich writes after a fire destroys the Cozy Theater in La Grange: I knew those walls well. The Plexiglas ticket window was scratched and foggy.
Two double glass doors connected outdoors to indoors. The popcorn machine in the corner glowed beneath the homemade price signs.
Movie preview posters always lined the walls. The entrance was split, allowing for access by going either right or left, and introduced viewers to three sections of seating. There was even a balcony, rarely used, but there nonetheless. The bathrooms were tiled a banana yellow and always smelled of pine.
Above part of the lobby lay a quiet apartment flat, occupied, normally. The theater had always been a town staple, not unlike cotton of the 40s, Chicken Ranch hookers of the 60s, or oil of the 80s. It was a prime hot spot. It was the Friday night hangout, the Sunday afternoon retreat, the weekend default. If ever there existed a legend involving La Grange High School, the one that immediately comes to mind is that of Rosa Meinecke.
She sent many a student off to college with such advanced knowledge of English grammar and literature that those fortunates, although quaking in their seats at the time, placed out of college freshman English. She was of the Old School in teaching methodology and curriculum content, as well as personal conduct. She was the oldest of four children, followed by sister Lula and brothers Walter and Arthur.
She was evidently earning funds to further her college education, as records show that after four years of teaching at these small rural schools, she entered Southwest Normal College now Texas State University at San Marcos, Texas, graduating in She joined the high school faculty of La Grange High School in Miss Meinecke, as she was forever known and remembered by her former students, tolerated no nonsense, in or out of the classroom.
Her trademark appearance included long-sleeved shirtwaist dresses in dark hues, adorned with prim white collars and cuffs, sturdy flat-soled walking shoes, and always white cotton gloves and a broad-brimmed hat—straw for summer and felt for winter.
She walked everywhere, including the Bon Ton Restaurant in downtown La Grange, where she took daily breakfasts and suppers. She usually carried an umbrella to fend off both rain and sun, depending upon the demands of the moment. Over the years, speculation arose as to whether she wore a wig or if she did, indeed, possess only her own hair.
The question was laid to rest when this author, in the company of another classmate, spotted her one evening on the balcony of her rented room in the home of Miss Mary Kaulbach, brushing out her own very long hair.
Another portion of the legend concerning her hair is the often-circulated story that she had been engaged to a soldier and had promised him that she would not cut her hair until he returned home. This did not happen, as he was killed in battle, thus her hair continued to grow.
No proof of the validity of this story exists; it remains an intriguing rumor. She expected excellence from her students at all times, both on and off of the campus. Multiple-choice or true-false tests did not exist in her classroom. The Japanese are not planning to relinquish Hokkaido to its original owners, the Ainu. The tall, white and fair-haired Chachapoyas of the Andean forest have, alas, no remnants left to sue the Incas for genocide in a Peruvian court of law.
However, even that great moral abyss of Western civilization — the Holocausts — stands out more in its industrialized and organizational features than it does either in the quality of its hatefulness or its relative or even absolute volumes. In relative numbers, in just one year, , the Hutus and Tutsis in Rwanda, killed off a total of one million, in a population of 7 million.
Is it more humane to go by a stroke of a blunt machete than by a whiff of Zyklon B? The Khmer Rouge murdered at least 2 million Cambodians between and Is it more humane to die by wallops from a Cambodian pickaxe handle than by a bullet from a German Mauser? Inscription on the back in German: There is a special horror attached to the Third Reich, because those were 20 th century Europeans, Christians, and in many ways the smartest, most civilized people on Earth.
But the Holocausts do not prove that Whites are worse than other people, just that they are no better. The history of the Third Reich also proves that with the right formula of economic blowup, misery and humiliation, sparked by charismatic evil, no people are immune to such horror, at no time.
Our Norwegian correspondent The Observer sends his translation of an article and interview with two respectable high-profile Muslim leaders in Oslo, who have strongly negative opinions about Jews and the worldwide Jewish conspiracy.
A new trend seems to have developed in the Islamic community in Norway: It should also be pointed out that this is the same mosque that the Norwegian police apologized so profusely to last year for the fact that we have freedom of speech in Norway. The translated article from Dagsavisen:. Many Norwegians have a negative view on Islam due to Jewish domination of the media. We are visiting Central Jamaat-e Ahl-e Sunnat, the mosque with the largest member base in Norway, to talk to its spiritual leader.
The mosque was founded in and currently has more than 5, members. The Imam begins by explaining that all three heavenly religions, Judaism, Christianity and Islam, are sacred to them. Many people are unaware of this fact, says Sarwar. Both of them believe that the school visits confirms their views that Norwegians in general have an inaccurate impression of Islam and Muslims. People are ignorant because they get their information from the media, and the media only write negatively about Islam.
Only a handful of people were behind the movie about Mohammed in the U. So who was financing them, who was backing them? A big tip of the Bodissey pickelhaube to our commenter Jolie Rouge, who has provided us with a brand new acronym. Note the aggressor is not named other than by geographical location e. North Africa, Afghanistan and surprisingly the inclusion of Turkey. I think JIM could have great utility for our enterprise: Who will be the first major Western politician not counting Geert Wilders to break the greatest cultural taboo of our time, and mess around with JIM?
Yesterday a group of Al Qaeda terrorists assaulted a natural gas plant in Algeria and killed two foreigners while taking 41 other hostage. Today Algerian special forces staged a helicopter raid on the plant, killing a number of the hostages — between six and 34, depending on whose figures you believe — in the process of taking out the terrorists.
Among the foreign hostages were American, British, French, and Japanese nationals. In other news, Germany has begun repatriating its foreign gold reserves, which are stored in vaults in Paris, London, and the United States.
The following article tells a brief tale about immigrant-on-immigrant violence in Cologne, with Muslims of immigrant background dealing it out and Russian immigrants as victims. It shows the attempts by a Turk to protect a Russian family and being killed for his trouble.
The translated article from Quotenqueen:. Two criminal foreigners, free to terrorize their neighbors despite drug-related and violent crimes, killed a Turkish husband and father who tried to get them to behave. It happened in a sector of the city called Bickendorf — a district notorious for years for immigrant violence and bordering on the thoroughly Islamized Ehrenfeld. But no one was killed. The Spanish government recently revoked his status as a political refugee in Spain, and he is due to be deported to Pakistan, where he will face the death penalty for blasphemy.
There is currently a push to persuade the Canadian government to grant him and his family political asylum. Firasat was interviewed recently on Alerta Digital TV. The video below shows the third part of the interview, and includes segments in English of a statement by Terry Jones. Part 1 , Part 2. Many thanks to our Spanish correspondent Hermes for the translation, and to Vlad Tepes for the subtitling:. That means I am watching big, fat flakes accumulating on everything — though the driveway is still clear.
Prior to that, we awoke this morning to heavy rains. It is our good fortune that there was never any period of transitional ice.
Why am I talking about the weather, you ask? Because this heavy wet snow may well eventuate in a power outage. Should that happen we would have no way to tell you why when, once again, no one seems to be home. And thanks to the generosity of our donors several years ago, we installed a gas cook stove so we can cook and have — thank heavens, again — hot coffee during the outage. Yes, we are careful regarding the possibility of carbon monoxide poisoning if we were to use the stove for heat.
Yesterday we reported on a group of young Muslim men who accost pedestrians in certain parts of east London. The original post included an embedded video taken by the group and posted on their YouTube account. As you all know by now, our blog was suddenly removed last night between 8 and 9pm EST for no apparent reason. Blogger never provided any explanation before, during, or after the outage. I assume it was an internal technical problem at Google.
Below is a portion of a mass email I sent out earlier today to dozens of people who had written to us to ask what happened:. One second it was there; the next it was gone. If we had violated their terms of service, we should have received an email, according to their own established procedure.
But we received no email. And, as you can see, I still have the gmail account. Late last night I began the process that one always goes through with Blogger: We actually received a response, which is unusual with Google. Based on the replies, there seems to have been a major problem with Blogger last night. Many other blogs disappeared in the same fashion. But we should know for certain within another day or two. If it was a deliberate take-down, we will migrate to another platform with our own domain.
We back up the entire blog frequently, so only a few posts will be missing when we restore. After being taken down twice by Blogger within a single week, we got the message: Gates of Vienna has moved to a new address: Saturday, January 19, Seduced by Palestinian Propaganda. Babel on the Danube.
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