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Where Are They Now? Don joined KGFJ as pd in the spring of We found people didn't want to boogie all the time. They didn't want to be assaulted by radio. We took the best of AM radio and fm and mixed and blended them. In that way we could soothe our audience. Don left Capitol Records and L. While at Oakwood, Don helped a budding six-man a cappella group called Alliance begin shaping their careers.

Alliance went on to become multi-Grammy Award winning Take 6. Tami works afternoon drive at the Stevie Wonder station. KFWB , , nd. He began his real career as a news writer for CKLW radio and tv.

It was with this program that he developed his infatuation with Asia. He was transferred to L. He was in charge of eight NBC bureaus. In Bruce formed Global Net Productions, the only full-service, foreign oriented news and documentary production house in Japan. While it made me feel proud to be part of such a legacy it also served as an incredible challenge to create [re-create] the tight family environment in which the early team worked and played. He played in the same backfield at Santa Barbara as Randall Cunningham.

In fact, if anything my respect grew for the man. Reports are that in recent years he was suffering from Parkinson's and Alzheimer's disease. Elmo's Fire , and all three Robo Cop films. One of his passions in life was soccer.

He combined his experience as a former league soccer player in Asia with his broadcasting skills to become an internationally known soccer commentator. He worked there with news icon, Jerry Dunphy. His last assignment was director of network operations at WSB-Atlanta, where he built the largest radio network in Major League Baseball for the Braves stations. Gary retired July 1, and lives in Atlanta. Greg worked morning drive while in Los Angeles radio and currently co-owns a station in Oakland.

He owns a radio station in Fresno and hosts a syndicated show. Greg can be heard doing fill-in at "the WAVE. Terry works at KWVE. Ed joined KNX in the mids, first as a fill-in for legendary traffic and weather guru Bill Keene , and alternating as a news anchor. He became overnight news anchor in early Ed actually began his broadcasting career at age 10, when he was a public address announcer for little league baseball games.

Later he built his own radio station on the campus of Simi Valley High School. Over the years he has worked for a number of Southern California stations providing traffic reports. He was killed in an automobile crash in Malibu in June of His brother Doug was contacted by the management of KFWB and was offered Don's noon-to-3 shift in order to perpetuate a popular broadcasting name; Doug declined. Chuck Blore remembered Don: He had an incredible brain, you never ever heard him say anything that didn't matter.

He was very, very funny about things which mattered. Spider died in Clark was the producer of the Charlie Tuna Show for almost a decade. His title was director of operations. This included selling it, getting stations and securing talent.

Kenny actually dealt with Don King to get the radio rights. He then met with Premiere Radio, who did the selling and cleared the stations. It worked [it was on KNX locally] but it was too much to get advertisers excited about a monthly boxing card, especially with a lot of money earmarked for the World Cup that year.

So we decided to do the same thing, but in Spanish. Clark was also music director at "Arrow Chuck left KNXNewsradio in early He died July 16, , at the age of Chuck had been recovering from a series of strokes and shortly before his death he was diagnosed with leukemia. Born in Rochester, Chuck grew up in Dallas. He graduated with a chemistry degree from Spring Hill college in Alabama. He later studied film and television production and editing at UCLA.

In the summer of , he subbed for the retiring Fred Gallagher and eventually landed a full-time sports slot. Chuck enjoyed working as an actor and voice artist. Derek was appointed pd at KLOS in the summer of He was also on-air middays at KLOS. He was in San Francisco radio for a decade before arriving in the Southland. Born in , Jim was a business administration major at Fordham University. We use no reverb or echo or talk over the music.

Previously, black radio stations were a laughing matter. I tried to find personalities and announcers who liked the music and respected it. Jim's philosophy regarding programming was outlined in a Billboard interview in In Jim joined DMX as vp of programming. He is president of Jim Maddox - Broadcast Consultants. Mel is a voiceover artist.

He now lives in Blue Hill Peninsula, Maine. Charles worked as om at KBIG until late He died of pancreatic cancer, at the age of Chris broadcasts sports at all-News KNX.

Bobby went to work in San Francisco. Then Neil Hefti and Count Basie created this form called 'Cute,' which left some holes in it for me to give the weather. I now have different versions. He wanted desperately to work days.

Johnny said, "I got so tired of getting up from the dinner table and going to work. I wanted more out of life than that. I wanted to be able to go out with a girl at night. In all those years, I never saw a prime time tv show. He also scored in the Jazz category as 2nd most influential. Curt is senior examiner for Chubb Group of Insurance Companies. He and his family live in Valencia. Bill is a licensed clinical psychologist and hosts a weekend show and morning show feature at KFYI-Phoenix. John died of a rare incurable cancer on January 23, I'm grateful to have been able to achieve that goal through radio.

When I started doing radio in South Dakota, we were broadcasting out of a double-wide trailer with a listenership of a few hundred, maybe less. There was never a plan, never a design, but somehow I got a few breaks and things progressed — and that's my career. Val is general manager at "Power Hugh is executive producer at Monarch Productions.

He left the station in late following a series of budget cuts. He played for the LA Lakers. Mancow was born in Kansas City, in He started his radio career in Mancow grabbed national headlines in when he was arrested in San Francisco after causing a huge traffic jam on the Bay Bridge during a radio stunt. Laura Schlessinger's executive producer.

Mando Fresko works overnights at 'Power Ed left Premiere Radio Networks after 11 years in late and formed a new syndication company called MannGroup Radio Services distributing music imaging and production library services to stations across the country. Zeke died October 14, , at the age of

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I'm grateful to have been able to achieve that goal through radio. When I started doing radio in South Dakota, we were broadcasting out of a double-wide trailer with a listenership of a few hundred, maybe less. There was never a plan, never a design, but somehow I got a few breaks and things progressed — and that's my career. Val is general manager at "Power Hugh is executive producer at Monarch Productions. He left the station in late following a series of budget cuts.

He played for the LA Lakers. Mancow was born in Kansas City, in He started his radio career in Mancow grabbed national headlines in when he was arrested in San Francisco after causing a huge traffic jam on the Bay Bridge during a radio stunt.

Laura Schlessinger's executive producer. Mando Fresko works overnights at 'Power Ed left Premiere Radio Networks after 11 years in late and formed a new syndication company called MannGroup Radio Services distributing music imaging and production library services to stations across the country. Zeke died October 14, , at the age of He died of a massive heart attack on August 19, An early heart attack, just like his father.

Disbelief, then stunned support for his wife Roberta, and daughters Andrea, Mychal, Jamie, and Stephanie. The online tributes reverberated throughout the southland, particularly in Orange County, where viewers of the defunct Orange County News Channel, students and colleagues at Chapman University, and fellow broadcasters like me at AirWatch had come to know Bruce.

We knew him on television and as a news anchor on KFI. More recently, he had helped raise money for military vets and others through charity poker events.

We knew his smile and vivaciousness and his unfailing support for his synagogue. Bruce's Facebook page remains active, updated by family.

The tragic announcement just before his birthday last summer included this understatement: He was loved by many and will be missed by all who knew him. Written by Steve Julian. Knox was living in Port Hueneme and died of a heart attack on August 26, Robert Archer was his program director. In , he left radio to care for his ailing father. Manon is a voiceover artist and owns Manomedia, and produces nationally syndicated radio programs for Strand Media Group. Katie is a mother of three and lives in the Southland.

When the PPM measurement service was launched, the non-commercial stations were listed and KPCC has experienced very respectable ratings. The very up-to-the-moment two hour show has four producers who work on the current events magazine-type program every day.

Jackie Oclaray has been with me more than a decade. The producers KPCC hires usually have a track record producing somewhere else, or they've done fill-in in the past. Some have been interns while attending Pasadena City College. Putting together the two hour show is just one part of what Larry and his team have to do on a daily basis. One person is heavily devoted to that, but all four produce segments for the show.

We are constantly brainstorming ideas because we may do six topics in a two-hour show. We often book two or more guests per segment, that's often 12 we have to line up in an average day. The producers also put together all the folders with my study materials for the segments.

It's like a daily conveyor belt - coming up with the topics, lining up the guests, debating how we want to come at the subject and how we can advance the story. It is tremendously challenging preparing for all these topics. How is AirTalk put together every day? We get off the air at noon and then have an editorial meeting about the next day. On the day we had lunch at the Ocean View Restaurant in Montrose, Larry revealed they already had an author booked for the final minute segment the next day.

By later in the afternoon or early tomorrow morning one or all of those may be replaced by other things because when we get in at 8 a. Typically our first half hour is breaking news from the morning and we're booking guests right up until air time. Larry said the show is always in a fluid state.

Mantle has a unique relationship with KPCC's news director. Technically he answers to the program director, Craig Curtis , but so much of how the station sounds - being news oriented - falls to Glickman. He will make suggestions all the time. He comes in every morning with a list of possible stories for us.

His job is the totality of what KPCC is doing. He has to make sure what we are doing on AirTalk is fitting into what Patt Morrison is doing in the afternoon with her show and what NPR is doing with its magazine programs.

Paul has the big picture of what we're doing and how it all fits together. Larry praised Glickman for his ability to figure out a way to take national and international stories and to localize them. People tune into a particular station because they know what they are going to get.

They're looking for consistency and reliability. We don't want KPCC to sound like different stations throughout the day, but the station does want its hosts to be distinct. KPCC is constantly trying to meet the expectations of the listener. Larry emphasized that they are mission-driven and that affects everything they do. We have to be grounded in that reality and at the same time operate as a non-profit.

Our reason for existing is to serve the community and to find ways to do that where other broadcasters are not. This gives us a lot of opportunities. We also have the luxury of significant air time, if we think a topic is worth it, but we don't want to rehash what people have been seeing on cable news. With healthcare on everyone's mind, I wondered how his listeners came down on the subject.

Opinions are all over the place. Some are very disappointed and they wanted a much more robust plan. Others feel that it's over-reaching. I see my job as bringing together all these different points of view so the listener can hear the strongest possible perspectives, then come away with an informed opinion. Larry addressed the issue of an NPR station being left-leaning or politically liberal in editorials and subject matter.

Public radio did begin as community and college broadcasting, with activist and educational roots. I think that established the early-on reputation of public radio as being the bastion of the left. As public radio has grown, and the size of the audience has grown, it's by no means ideologically based. It is much more diversified. The fact that I'm on opposite Rush Limbaugh does mean that many conservative listeners are going to be listening to him.

However, I think it would be a real disservice to say we are going to serve those listeners who don't like Rush Limbaugh. We don't want to limit ourselves in any way. Larry said he is not an advocate for any political point of view. I come out of radio. I've loved radio since I was a kid going to Hollywood High School. Mantle originally wanted to be a minister. In all of his environments he has loved taking both sides of a subject.

He was active in school debates. Our program is a place for exploring ideas from all perspectives, so that our listeners get exposed to the strongest arguments from all points of view.

Larry's pd, Craig Curtis said: That, and the fact that he occasionally bribes me for extra vacation time with Cuban cigars. I get to talk with literally the most interesting people in the world. Jeff is a partner in EditPros, a marketing and communications firm in Davis, California. David has been practicing law for 18 years and since has served as a California workers' compensation judge.

Carolyn is affiliate relations director at Westwood One. Jan Marie is living in Huntington Beach. Since , Radene has been one of Southern California's airborne traffic reporters. He's now a security guard and frequent fill-in at KABC. Greg worked afternoon drive at "Mega Larry is part of the Salem cluster in L. Mike left "Mega" about the time the station switched to "Hot He returned in late Mike was the program director.

Mike is still writing "The Rooster" morning prep service. He is also consulting a couple of stations in Denver and Palm Springs. Mark the Whiffle Boy: Both hosted individual podcasts for a time. Mark now hosts a morning show at KSWD, See Kim Amidon and Mark Wallengren. She was partnered with Graham Bunn. She anchored the news at KABC until late She is now an adjunct professor at California State University Northridge, teaching a voiceover, radio and tv announcing class.

He died January 4, , at the age of The new year was hardly a few days old when we lost one of the most beloved sports broadcasters we have ever known. He always had a story. He was the kind of guy you wanted to be around. He was never a downer. Tim Mead , vp of communications for the Angels, was on the committee to pick the Angels broadcast team prior to the season.

Reflecting back, I know that the committee made the correct decision in selecting Rory. Not really a joke teller but a guy who always said funny things and put a smile on your face. He was a great partner. God bless you, Rory. Gary Marshall, Fontaine J.

Marsi, and Andrew Mollenbeck. The vaudeville performer and classical radio host has been collecting and restoring vintage theatre drapes for the past 15 years. Merrill is writer living in Southern California. Rich is active in boxing announcing.

He was part of the KFI morning show for many years and retired in Al studied at Long Beach City College majoring in nutrition studies. KFWB, and Sue worked at the Whittier Daily News until early Doc now stars in the stage play, Queen of Outer Space.

Roger produces "HomeWord with Jim Burns," a half-hour daily radio program airing nationally in 50 markets daily and over on weekends. KFWB , and She originally wanted to go into tv production, "but I got caught up in radio and it never let me go. Her journey as a KFWB anchor began in Earthquakes and riots, mudslides and celebrity murder trials, and wildfires — and the good times too. On behalf of everyone in the newsroom, thank you L. Chuck runs a film consulting business.

She began her career in news broadcasting at KFWB, first as a news writer and then on-air. By the time she left in she was the news director and lone reporter. When the station added phony teletype sounds to her newscasts, she left for KXL-Portland. She told the LA Times: It's a wonderful, horrible place and it was home for six years.

She's now a contributor at NPR operationl in Vermont. Gary steps down as head of production at "K-Earth" in early March He also hosted Encounters for Fox. John is "smelling the roses," dabbling on the Internet and flying his old biplane. Lee was a booming news voice in Southern California for decades. But that was just one of his many talents — he hosted sports talk, was a featured voice in professional wrestling, ran news bureaus, and hosted morning drive. And maybe, the voice of Tony the Tiger from the Frosted Flakes commercials sounded familiar — indeed, that too was Lee Marshall.

Lee died on April 26, , of esophageal cancer. He has been honored with Golden Mikes and an Emmy. Lee joined KABC in as news director and stayed for more than a decade. In the early s he was syndicating a Notre Dame football pre-game radio show and a syndicated sports-entertainment program called "SportsAmerica. He went on to be executive vp of news and sports programming for Shadow Broadcast Services.

Lee has always been active in broadcasting high-profile traditional sports. In he started providing play-by-play commentary for professional wrestling. For over a year Lee was been splitting his week between L. He became a character himself, as Marshall was known as "Stagger Lee.

In recent years he was teaching voiceover classes at California Lutheran University in Thousand Oaks. She was syndicated until the fall of In October , she joined Internet platform Progressive Voices. Steve is writing for tv and film. He has written a joke book called, LOL: The Humor of the Internet. He's living in Albuquerque. Marsi , Fontaine J.: Fontaine worked for Metro Traffic in Las Vegas. Mando, Mike Mann, and Brad Messer. His son is in the band Lit. Brian worked as part of the KFI news team until late He now lives in Albuquerque.

George passed away September 15, He was one of the early pioneers of modern broadcast journalism, and died of complications arising from a stroke and kidney failure. He was born on May 2, , in Pasadena. One of his later colleagues, George Putnam, said of Martin that "he was one of the real legends of television news reporting George Martin laid the very foundation for tv reporting in this community Los Angeles. There's not a job or assignment he couldn't do. And we have hallways of trophies here at KNX with his name on them that show that he didn't do just a competent job, but an exceptional one.

Martin served in the U. Navy during World War II. Jim passed away in of cancer at the age of In , radio rebel Jimmy Rabbit mixed Rock and "progressive" country, a sound that became known as "Outlaw Country. Ron left the Storer facility when it was sold in and started a syndicated radio show company called Weedeck. He hosted a daily feature called "Country Report. Ron served a few terms as president of the Academy of Country Music. He was one of the founding members of the Academy and was instrumental in getting the Awards show televised.

Ron had a heart attack and died playing golf, a sport he cherished, in the late s. In the summer of , she returned for afternoons. He not only got the job, he later became assistant program director and hosted a tv sci-fi show called Mars Patro l.

His autobiography, Winking At Life , is available at Amazon. She up and left a month later. He's now teamed with Alex Cohen. She left "Power " in the spring of He went on to program stations in Atlanta, Phoenix, and San Francisco. She left the AC station in late and returned to the Northeast to be with family. JL has a mobile dj business in Valencia. Jose Rene Martinez was born on June 14, in Shreveport. At a young age, he moved to Hope, Arkansas, where he and his mother lived until he was They moved to Dalton, Georgia, just prior to his senior year, to the place he now calls his hometown.

After his high school graduation, J. Seeking advice from his football coach about the prospect of joining, he decided to enlist in the United States Army after a visit with an Army recruiter.

Martinez was proud to serve in the 2nd Battalion, nd Infantry Regiment of the st Airborne Division. In March of , J. Three other soldiers with J. Martinez claims that while he was fighting for his life and awaiting medical help in Iraq, his sister Anabel, who passed away when J. After he was pulled out of the Humvee, J. He is called on by a wide-range of groups, including large corporations, veterans groups, non-profits and schools, and has shared the stage with the likes of global self-help guru Tony Robbins and Evangelist Dave Roever.

Martinez has been featured in major newspapers and tv programs. In October , J. Partnered with Karina Smirnoff, they became the early favorites en route to the Mirrorball Trophy, beating out Rob Kardashian. In early , he joined weekends at KFI and left before the year was out.

He starred in the tv drama, SAF3! Patty owns her own advertising agency in Orange County. He's a regional Italian food expert. Monique hosted a weekend show at KFI until the summer of After 14 years as Dick Whittinghill's engineer, Bob worked as a production engineer on game shows and soap operas. He's retired and living in the Santa Clarita Valley.

Cancer had taken over his body. One of the best loved executives in LA Radio history, Gordon wrote his own obituary: I was deposited on Planet Earth a little over eighty years ago.

March 26, and have enjoyed most of my years here thoroughly. I was blessed with Dorothy, a remarkable mother who gave me her love and wisdom. And the companionship, love and respect of Muriel, an older sister. I volunteered for the U. I married and produced a son, Craig, of whom I could not be prouder. But it took me three times to finally get the marriage right — believe me, it was well worth it!

I had the good fortune to select the kind of job that I loved and got paid well to do — the kind of job where you had to operate under a license that forced you to get involved in the people and community you served and really mean it. I learned how to teach others how to benefit by using the fantastic qualities of radio.

Where else could you find such fabulous opportunities. I never felt so good about a job. Half-way through my term, the Coca Cola Bottling Co.

The Coke people were remarkable and I remember them fondly today. I was fortunate enough to be given a number of opportunities by serving with community groups. I chose an opportunity to help rebuild the Advertising Club of Los Angeles as President in and found it greatly rewarding.

Ad Club members into an effective campaign-producing ad agency for Epilepsy treatment. Yes, this member group of L. Good things happened in that organization. A lot of its members formed friendships for life. This remarkable organization raised money from contributions and spent it to address the misfortunes of local ad people suffering catastrophic illness.

If the hospitalized A. And, nobody made a dime. I was involved in a small way but make no claim on starting the A. Their integrity, enthusiasm, humor, sincerity made my job a pleasure.

And yet, at the first sign of a Southland fire, an earthquake rumbling in a distant volcano, or a tragic South American passenger plane crash, the very same people and their successors put together collection centers for disaster victims and use the airwaves to raise millions of dollars for the victims.

Lastly, there was something awesome in presiding over weddings for my friends. I loved it so much I did it forty-three times. I felt the same way about teaching radio management all those extension semesters at UCLA. I met so many warm, bright, responsive people so eager to learn. No funeral services or celebrations, please.

Thanks for your patience in reading this. And to so very many of you — thanks for such a wonderful time! Jerry retired in and is living on Camano Island in the state of Washington. The former wife of James Mason died June 29, , at the age of Scott was the operations director at KROQ and responsible for 45 stations managing their capital requests and dealing with engineering issues.

This veteran broadcaster and executive, died April 19, , at the age of 55 from complications with his kidney. Friends and colleagues of Mason recall a passionate, detail-oriented person. We have lost a cherished friend and co-worker. Mason had engineering and broadcasting in his blood from a young age. He broke into the business as a phone op when he was just 14 and got his first FCC broadcast license a year later.

Through it all, Mason had the rare technical expertise to be an engineer wherever he worked and he also spent two years as a special equipment installer at GTE. Mason told us that his most memorable on-air moment was when the Northridge earthquake shook Southern California in January KROQ will owe Scott a great debt of gratitude for a long time to come for how much of his life he shared with us. Not only was his work ethic unshakable — if it needed to be done, he got it done — but he maintained a constant optimism and good humor throughout.

Most people had no idea of the struggles he was going through. Mason was born in New York. He grew up in Southern California and attended L. Valley College and Cal State Northridge. Gretchen co-hosts a weekend talk show on HotTalkLA. Gretchen was the co-host of House Calls: Born in London to a Jewish family of diamond cutters on April 2, , Roy Reuben Obermeister started his radio show in He is a prolific author and creator of a mindfulness meditation exercise used in the U.

Masters is founder of the Oregon-based non-profit organization, the Foundation of Human Understanding. In his early twenties, he travelled the world lecturing as an expert diamond cutter. After seeing a vaudeville stage hypnosis presentation where the hypnotist easily induced volunteer subjects to do strange and outlandish things, he wondered: In the s, excitement around Bridey Murphy's supposed past life regression drove friends to consult with Masters about hypnosis.

Masters understood hypnosis to be a "duplication of life's errors" and concluded that no good can come from hypnotherapy. He founded the Institute of Hypnosis where, unbeknownst to his clients, he "unhypnotized" them instead of hypnotizing them, according to Wikipedia. In Houston, Masters saw as many as thirty people a day for consultation.

At years-old in , Masters was charged with practicing medicine without a license, a precedent case for the legality of non-medical practice of hypnosis. He was sentenced to 30 days in jail, which received notoriety from his counseling of fellow inmates. His radio show is still heard in syndication. She had been suffering from the effects of Hepatitis C which she contracted as a child. She then took five years off from radio to pursue rock-related posts in various media, only to return to radio in Southern California.

Hal was general manager at KRLA in the mids and one colleague said, "Hal was jovial and had a good sense of humor. He broke his hip shortly before his death. Hal died May 1, , from complications of lung cancer.

George is with AirWatch Traffic. Paula is living in Albuquerque. He continues to be active in Oregon politics. Tom passed away of pancreatitis in early Deedee died September 20, , of an apparent self-inflicted gunshot wound. From early , she's was the web producer at KFWB. She now works at Gracianna Winery in Healdsburg as the hospitality manager. On July 5, , Don died at his Malibu home of complications of polio and paralysis.

Don owned Signal Core Studios. He died of cancer on April 30, Mayberry , Carleton "Corky": Corky is living in the San Fernando Valley. Bill was executive director at Country Radio Broadcasters for many years. He announced his retirement from CRB, effective spring of His resume also includes work in artist development, management and at record labels, where he was Sr. Mayne also serves as current President of the Academy of Country Music.

Danny does voiceover work and lives in Sherman Oaks. He's now at KWVE. Don was a teacher at Los Angeles City College. Mitzi worked with her husband Charlie Brill on Silk Stalkings. Gary is now in San Diego. Dave is the announcer for all NHRA racing events and their commercials. Dave has stood out from the herd all these years in a world of blinding speed and spectacular automobiles, hot rods, cruisers and dragsters.

Holly was the Orange County Register 's family films reviewer. Matt was the original radio voice of the Mighty Ducks hockey team for three years. He's now with the Pittsburgh Penguins. Larry made the most successful transition from radio to television news of any disc jockey who passed through the radio landscape.

He hosted a weekend talk show on KLAC for a year. Larry's on-air presence at KTLA on health and consumer affairs segments as well as the station's weekend newscasts has contributed to its success. In the spring of , Larry was the recipient of the Governor's Award from the Academy of Television Arts and Sciences, saluting his career achievement in Los Angeles television.

Hugh died in the mids. He won 2 Golden Mikes and several AP awards. In the s he made a significant change in careers. He became interested in religious science in the late s. By , he was given the pastorship at a Sherman Oaks congregation and went on to be a pastor for the Santa Clarita Church of Religious Science.

Ron was born January 29, He died of pancreatic cancer on December 10, , at the age of Ronny is in the recording business in Los Angeles.

Sid was the announcer on Soul Train. Don lives in Portland and syndicates "Radio Deluxe," a show prep service. Tom was general manager during block programming days.

Ann co-owned KACE She died February 16, , at the age of She bought the Inglewood station in with her then-husband, former professional football player Willie Davis. Earl, a pioneer in the early days of Los Angeles rock 'n roll radio, died March 26, , at the age of His daughter sent the following written by her father: I typed this earlier so that all Kathy, my daughter, had to do was type in the date and hit the "send" button.

Isn't modern technology marvelous? I am an agnostic. I will be taken to the Neptune Society for cremation. I've told my heirs that I don't care where they let the ashes fly. When it is over, it is over. So thanx to each of you for sharing a part of your life with me.

It has been beautiful, and thank you, thank you, thank you for the times we shared. All of you have contributed in various levels to my happiness, laughter, and sometimes some very stupid things. I have been contemplating all the good times, and the good times were fantabulous. If I've borrowed something I haven't returned or money I haven't repaid, contact my daughter, Kathy.

Don't sing me any sad songs. If I were to have an epitaph, it would be, "Earl McDaniel.. Earl was the first to pair Robert W. Earl was credited with breaking the song nationally. Earl produced and presented live stage shows with the major rock stars of the era.

Earl broke the Chipmunks Christmas Song and lost his job over it. On Thanksgiving weekend he played it twice an hour and the station owner threatened to fire Earl if he played it one more time. Earl did and was fired, however, by Monday it was the hottest record at Wallichs Music City. Earl spent two decades working for Senator Cecil Heftel in Hawaii, as pd, then gm. When he ran KGMB, the population of Hawaii was about ,, yet the million-dollar contest drew over 4 million entries.

Earl lived by the credo: It's the future that counts. Joe cast a big shadow over the sports broadcaster landscape in Southern California for almost four decades. He died on March 13, , at the age of He blanketed virtually every outlet that aired sports reports or programming. Joe was born to be a talk show host. Just ask his mother Josie. At KGIL, he started as an intern at 19 in the news department, quickly moving up to the position of assistant sports director.

A few months later, he began hosting sports talk shows. In his January article about the best of the year, Daily News columnist Tom Hoffarth again named Joe the number one sports-talk radio host. Joe suffered a huge weight problem since high school. After being unable to get up from a fall at his home until paramedics arrived, Joe decided it was time to do something radical. He underwent gastric-bypass surgery, losing over pounds. LA Lakers present Jeanie Buss said: Over all these years, our players, coaches and staff have enjoyed working with and knowing Joe.

He will be sorely missed. He would go through periods of disappointment when he was unemployed. KMPC, and Leo runs a PR and political consultancy firm in Sacramento. Douglas was Dick Whittington's resident critic, Cincinnati Armory. Douglas is writing a book, a tongue-in-cheek ersatz celebrity autobiography, as well as writing humorous articles, and acting.

George lost his Denver job in the summer of Dick lives in the Southland doing voiceovers, composing and appearing with his jazz group. Richard had not lost his New England accent which was evident as he talked about his retirement from a long career in the radio business, back when he was interviewed for Los Angeles Radio People. He lived a handful of miles from the beach in Vista in a house overlooking the third fairway at the Shadow Ridge Country Club.

Richard retired in Tim is the younger brother of Terry. He also worked in the promotion department at KMET. Patrick went on to state politics and acted as press director for various issues and candidates. He ended his radio career in Sacramento. He died March 9, , at the age of A winner of two L. Emmys, eight Golden Mikes and four L.

Press Club Awards and with more than 35 years in radio and tv broadcasting, Judd is best known as a consumer advocate. At 17 he produced and hosted a live television show called Dance Party at the Jefferson City, Missouri tv station and in was the first tv producer to fight for African American teenagers to dance on a so-called white tv show and win.

But for some members of the community that was too much integration and with influence from the Ku Klux Klan, Judd was forced to have one show with black dancers and one show with white dancers. After earning his Bachelors in Journalism, he headed for Central America to be a freelance news reporter.

When there was a riot or a small war, Judd would cover it and then find customers in the U. While working for UPI, Judd was arrested in Venezuela for taking pictures of the secret police beating demonstrators at the trial of dictator Peres Jimenez.

Judd was out of Venezuela the next morning and has not been back since. The obituary that appeared in the LA Times stated: Red died of cancer on January 11, , at the age of Linda died February 27, McI ntosh , Richard: He passed away January 9, JJ is currently doing mornings on Larry did swing at "K-Earth" for many years. He's been on Oldies Channel at Westwood One since Tom is a writer and lives in Maine. Verna was co-host of the Young and Verna morning show at Dial Global.

Over the years he was a dj, nd and pd. During that time, I became affiliated with a county Sheriff's Department and went to work full time in law enforcement. Most of my time is spent doing consulting or working on my book - a fictional novel about a Hollywood dj who decides to become a Deputy Sheriff in a rural Northern California County. Sort of a novel plot line, huh? By his sophomore year in high school he returned home to Lynwood where he broadcast the high school football games.

In the network operation moved to the Washington, DC area. Two years later Gary expanded his horizons and, preparing for the inevitable closing of the network news operation started Ask The Expert Media.

The company produces radio and Internet programming and operates an ad agency which specializes in radio and Internet banner advertising. Gary lives in Pinehurst, North Carolina with his wife Sandy and children with fur coats their four cats. On New Year's Eve at six p. Arriving at KWST with no cart machines nor the right music, in less than a week the station was launched with Jim as pd and morning man.

Born in Springfield, Massachusetts, he grew up in Detroit. In the s, he and John Detz formed Visionary Radio and owned a series of small market radio stations. He married the ex-wife of Steve Dahl in the s. As for living in the Northwest, Jim commented, "I have no intention of ever living anywhere else. While attending Yale University, Kevin worked at the campus station as md and dj. RadioWorks studio in Santa Monica. In late , he was elected mayor of Santa Monica.

He is in his fifth term on the City Council. His signature was a garage full of recorded interviews that he ran, simulating a broadcast from a night club, the " Club" KLAC's dial position. He had every major star on disc, talking about his or her career. An alcohol-related incident on the roof of a Hollywood Boulevard building led to his rapid decline. He died in at age He died September 14, For the past 10 years he has traveled over 11, miles in his motor home, and been to Europe and Hawaii.

Reid is a part-time airport limo driver for executive firms in Orange County. The paper said although KRLA was a rock and roll station, "the station covers the news like no other.

Kennedy was assassinated, we were the only station in Los Angeles to offer hour news coverage until after the funeral. I had every stringer and available newsman working around the clock. We had built a bank of actualities that back-to-back ran 7 straight hours. KRLA was the last station to revert to regular programming.

Bill was born in California and raised in Alhambra and worked for Armed Forces radio from to After KNX, Bill got out of radio. Bill returned to the Southland to run a similar agency in Orange County and is active in commercial voiceovers. Shaune was music director for all the major contemporary stations over a two-decade period.

Shaune is working on various projects to preserve the memory of her late husband, The Real Don Steele. Tara worked morning drive with Paul Freeman at "Lite She is cultivating young entertainment journalists with the Web site KidsPickFlicks. He also voices network tv promos, theatrical trailers and both tv and radio commercials nationally. Jeff is fronting a Classic Rock band, Mrs.

When he left KYNO, he left radio. Lon works early afternoon at KJLH. Lon did overnights, served as production and imaging director, and later moved up to morning drive where he and Russ Parr worked together. In , Lon moved on to Stevie Wonder's KJLH and for the next 30 years has been a main fixture, doing mornings, middays, afternoon and evening drive.

In , Lon was promoted to operations manager while still maintaining a 1 p. Earl is retired and living in San Diego. John was a popular all-night dj at KMPC. He eventually went into politics serving on the city council of Downey. He found enough first-year ABA owners for 11 teams and immediately promoted the new pro sports entry as "The Lively League.

Mike is head of programming for Cumulus Media. Michael was part of Angels baseball corporate sales. He retired in Since leaving the public affairs show, "The Turning Point," she has returned to publishing her magazine of the same name. Medina , Enrique Gonzalez: Enrique is a composer and is writing an opera. He lives in Sierra Madre. Joe died June 17, Oz briefly worked evenings at KACD.

Brooks hosted a popular sports Web site, SportsByBrooks. Melendez , "Slim" Jim: Jim does fill-in at KOLA. Kiki hosted Kiki Desde Hollywood on Galavision. In the fall of she is scheduled to host a one-hour daily syndicated talk show. John passed away July 30, , in a swimming pool incident at his home in Honolulu.

I got to go to Eniwetok. Oh, do I miss it. We've been visiting via phone and email regularly ever since. Paul does not know when Mellen moved to Hawaii, but probably in the late 70s.

He also had a display stand at the U. Bowfin Museum selling patches, pins and other patriotic items. John lived alone, apparently lost his balance and fell into his pool, where he was found by a neighbor. Last heard, Brad returned to his home state, Texas. Jeff has an active voiceover career. He's based in Lantana, Florida.

He was the business reporter at KFWB. Michelle left "Power " in the spring of Born on June 10, , in Bloomington, Wisconsin, he grew up in nearby Fennimore. Jim was the class president at the University of Iowa.

He worked with some of the giants in L. Bob is living in a nursing home in Glendale. Adrienne did a series of ads for the Republican party and senate race in Missouri. Ed was a news anchor at KFWB. He left KNX in late He graduated from USC. Brad is living in San Antonio after 47 years on the air. Sheena is the host of an afternoon drive talk show at LATalkRadio. Dave is a free-lance voiceover talent living in Santa Barbara.

For a time, Jack was program director of the Talk station. In the early s Jack was involved in a serious automobile accident. Some time after the accident he died suddenly.

Joel became the LA Lakers tv announcer after two seasons doing the radio broadcasts. He left the Lakers broadcast team following the season. Tina hosted a public affairs show at John was the apd at AMP Radio. He left the Entercom CBS cluster after 16 years in early summer of In , he was inducted into the television Hall of Fame.

Billy worked in production at KPLS. Dave Michaels, veteran in the 70s and 80s, died April 20, , after a lengthy battle with cancer. Under his meticulous guidance and leadership, the format evolved into Classic Hits and continued to grow in popularity. This provided the same kind of incentive and potential for abuse as modern rules allowing police departments to keep vehicles used for transporting illegal narcotics. In Beecher's case, he may have been exaggerating the amount he got from reselling the half-pounds of opium.

Customs office in Ogdensburg, NY. Gardner apparently gets out of this by claiming that it was part of his official duties but is then arrested again, for arranging the smuggling of another pounds of opium from Canada to Tacoma on the steamer George Starr. At his trial on June 29, he is accused of trying to cover his tracks by sending the opium to Wallula in Eastern Washington by train, then to Portland, then to Seattle. He is further accused of entering into a conspiracy with other customs inspectors.

Beecher, Gardner's superior, is not named as a member of the conspiracy but agrees to be a witness for the defense. On O October 6, Gardner's lawyer, J. Charles Haines of Chicago, is arrested in Seattle for having removed the original pounds from Ogdensburg; he presumably has brought it to Washington State and passed it to Gardner.

No Chinese are mentioned in the relevant newspaper articles. It is then either sold to Chinese of shipped to Portland and San Francisco for transportation East in trunks, valises, etc. It found an undeclared quantity of opium and seized it and the vessel. The sale and use of opium did not become illegal in the U. It was banned in British Columbia a year earlier, in Repackaging of imported opium in Victoria's Fisgard Street Chinatown, mostly for reshipment to the U.

Harbor as secretly and mysteriously as when she sailed from that place six weeks ago, heavily laden with opium and Chinese. Her officers and crew will give no information regarding the cruise, but the United States Secret Service detectives who are in Victoria watching her movements learned through one of he seamen that the vessel had touched on the California Coast and at the Hawaiian Islands since leaving Victoria.

The case turned on events that had occurred two months earlier, in October of the same year, when a pound shipment of opium was loaded aboard the steamer Wilmington in Victoria, British Columbia. Suspicious of the shipment, a Victoria customs agent telegraphed ahead to the Astoria, Oregon customs house, located at the mouth of the Columbia River—the main waterway into the city of Portland. Working on a tip, the owners of the Wilmington headed downriver to retrieve the ship and dump its illicit contents.

But customs agents had already apprehended the shipment. Then began one of the largest nineteenth-century opium and immigrant smuggling cases on the West Coast. Of the Portland-British Columbia operation, one San Francisco newspaper declared, 'the [smuggling] has been carried to an extent and audacity little short of marvelous. As stated above, throughout the 19th century the use of opium was quite legal, though somewhat stigmatized, in both Canada and the U.

When the drug finally became illegal in the latter country in , the criminal penalties involved were aimed almost entirely at opium for smoking, considered to be a vice of the Chinese. Opium for drinking in the form of alcohol solutions, abused mainly by Caucasians rather than Chinese, was not criminalized in the U. Laudanum, every bit as addicting as opium, stayed legal as a prescription drug.

Paregoric a camphorated opium extract continued to be classified as an over-the-counter drug until Until then it could legally be sold without a prescription to anyone who asked for it. Stevens, alias Tuttle, W. Cree, and Alfred Larson, all of Seattle, were arrested. Stevens is charged with being the principal.

His methods, it is stated, were unique. Chinese merchants at Victoria imported the opium, and it was landed during the night at a point near Seattle. Stevens had two skeleton pianos, it is said, and two large iron safes into which the opium was packed. The receptacles were then shipped by freight to four fictitious names in Portland, where the distributors got possession of the opium. Even the dullest customs agent, one would think, would eventually have become suspicious about two large iron safes, not to mention a pair of unplayable "skeleton" pianos, being shipped back and forth repeatedly between Seattle and Portland].

Imagined opium "den" from an publication. Like many such visual and verbal images, it is partly racist in intention, depicting Chinese as being astoundingly and unbelievably depraved. Tray with opium smoking equipment: Pieces of opium cans and sherds of opium pipe bowls are found during just about every excavation of early Chinese sites in the U. Wegars has given us permission to include photographs of some of those items on this webpage.

In the meantime, this drawing, from Louis J. Note that some of: Beck's terms are not understandable to modern Cantonese speakers. Incidentally, readers should be cautious about buying old opium pipes from antique shops or on the Internet. The great majority of such pipes were destroyed long ago by opium sellers and addicts seeking the "yen pox," the tarry residue, inside.

Such residues, though unpleasant-tasting, still contained enough opiate alkaloids to satisfy users' craving for the drug. Hence, almost all "opium pipes" currently on the market are either recent reproductions or for tobacco rather than opium. The lack of erotic behavior or other intense interaction is realistic.

As Emily Wharton says in her testimony: Canada's other opium makers: More opium brand names: Triumph of 19th century chemistry: A public-spirited narcotics cartel? Chinese sources for opium market prices in the U. More smuggling incidents and tales. Diving for opium in Puget Sound: Opium equipment in the U. How much opium did white Americans use? Curing addicts and outlawing the opium trade: The "Smoking Opium Exclusion Act" of What did it actually prohibit? Opium and Anti-Chinese Propaganda.

The growing of poppies and the production of raw opium does not concern us here. It is enough to say that the old Anglo-Indian monopoly had been broken by the late 19th century but that opium from Patna and Malwa in eastern and western India, produced under the tight control of the colonial British government, was still greatly preferred by the world's opium smokers. The Indian products, especially the Patna kind, fetched a considerably higher price than opium from other poppy-growing areas such as Egypt, Persia, Turkey, and China itself.

Even more prestigious were Indian opiums refined in Hong Kong, where the water and master refiners were thought to be the best in the world. This refining process does concern us, because the end result, opium "boiled" or "cooked" and packaged by a small number of Hong Kong firms, had a central influence on the economies and lifestyles of many North American Chinese in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Opium refining was not confined to eastern Asia. Among the places where it was done on a large scale but reputedly with less concern for quality were Victoria, Vancouver, and New Westminster in British Columbia, ideally located for wholesaling or smuggling their products to the United States.

The province's close connections with Britain must have given it an advantage in getting raw opium from the world's most famous opium-growing areas, Patna and Malwa in British India. Whether all British Columbia opium really came from there is not so clear. The low price for which it sold might suggest otherwise. One of the first North American researchers to recognize the importance of brand consciousness in the North American opium trade was Priscilla Wegars of the Asian American Comparative Collection at the University of Idaho, at which the above can seals were photographed.

By assembling a large collection of excavated opium cans, each marked with impressed brand name seals, from archaeological sites in the western United States, she has been able to show that smokers continued to be loyal to Fook Lung and Lai Yuen, in spite of their higher price, for many decades, that cans of these high-prestige brands were often reused, and that a major lower-priced competitor was Victoria in Canada, where a number of companies refined opium and sold most it for smuggling into the United States.

The general subject of opium cans is discussed below. Sheung Wan is a well known part of Hong Kong Island. Refining and Testing Opium in China, The names and stamped seals of Hong Kong opium producers were among the first internationally recognized brand names in the history of Asia.

From the s onward they were recognized in North America as well. These language and regional ties should have given Wo Hang a major advantage in selling opium to smokers in the U. The size of opium cans was standardized. The retailers, although regarded at the time as extraordinarily greedy, seem to have been satisfied with a smaller per-unit profit than any modern seller of alcohol in shops and bars.

Remains of such cans, generally well preserved, are common at archaeological sites where Chinese North Americans formerly lived, both in rural mining districts and in urban Chinatowns.

Christopher Merritt of the University of Montana has recently Note 2 made a discovery that helps to explain why excavated opium cans tend to be in good condition: Merritt analyzed 17 cans of this kind from four sites in Montana. None of the cans were of iron protected by a layer of tin -- hence, they were not the kind of container that was called a "tin" in Britain and in those days, Canada or a "tin can" in America.

Instead, all of Merritt's cans were made of brass, an alloy of copper and zinc. The seams of the cans had been soldered with a lead-arsenic alloy such as was commonly used as soldering material in both China and the West. Merritt suggests that the lead and arsenic might have had negative effects on the health of opium smokers. He is right in theory, and the copper could have had negative effects as well. However, cans of all kinds for instance, salmon cans and corned beef were regularly sealed with lead solder in those days, and those eating the contents of such cans were exposed to much greater quantities of poisonous metals than were opium smokers.

On the positive side, the copper, zinc, and lead had antimicrobial and antifungal properties that must have helped to protect the opium inside the cans. Their resistance to corrosion meant that opium cans could be, and often were, reused. Priscilla Wegars in conversation has suggested that this could mean retail fraud by sellers who repackaged cheap Victoria opium to pass it off as the more costly Hong Kong product.

We do not doubt that in many cases she is correct. However, the re-use and resealing of old cans must also have had more innocent motives.

As shown by the example on the far left of the above photograph, resealing sometimes left so many obvious signs of repair that such cans would not have fooled even the most naive of opium addicts. Opium can from private. Entrance to opium shop in San Francisco? Fake Opium Brands in San. We have also registered in Hong Kong. We have been patronized by customers locally and abroad and are famous among them.

Lately we have heard that some shameless people are using Lai Yuen and Fook Lung marks on counterfeit opium, trying to take away our business and cheat the people of the four quarters.

Now they dare to use our companies' names, falsely claiming that they belong to a San Francisco branch; their intention is to pass as pearls even though they are just fish eyes. If we do not alert the public, customers might buy their products by mistake and suffer no slight losses.

We are here to notify the public by having this announcement in the newspaper. We hope you the honorable readers will know that our Fook Lung and Lai Yuen companies do not have other branches in other cities. The products that are shipped to San Francisco are handled solely by our agent, a Westerner, H. You should find that his name appears on the tax stamp adhering to the opium can. Those who buy Fook Lung and Lai Yuen opium must identify the right stamp, trade mark, and the fragrance of the opium to avoid making mistakes.

This is our profound wish. It purports to be from the memoirs of a retired opium smuggler who formerly had carried the drug by boat from British Columbia to Washington State before making his great discovery. The editors do not doubt that every word of his tale is true. I knew what kind of bottom could be counted on at every practicable landing and whether the shore was shelving or sheer. I learned the location of the most secluded coves and where a smuggler could run in and lay low up a creek when a revenue cutter threw up her smoke too close.

That is a part of the education of the successful smuggler in those waters. I learned all the data well and profited by it. But one day I narrowly escaped being captured. They gave me a hard run and against my better judgment I dropped overboard in deeper water than I judged to be altogether safe.

But I found bottom and my breathing tube was long enough to rise above the water. I found myself walking on a sea bottom paved with cans of opium. At that particular point among the islands the revenue cutters have been accustomed to waylay the smuggler on their return from British Columbia, and there in their frantic haste to remove incriminating evidence, the hard pressed fugitives have been tossing overboard year after year whole boatloads of the expensive cans of poison.

This practice kept up for forty years had resulted in a tremendous deposit of canned opium. The sea floor was literally paved with the precious little cans. You see the point was so well watched that the smugglers dared not return to recover their wealth. So they charged the loss up to bad luck and forgot the existence of the submarine deposit. The next question was the means of converting it into cash. It was a sort of crossroads of the marine tracks and at certain stages of the tide the only practicable route for south-bound boats.

It was obvious that the utmost care must be taken in raising the treasure if my father's son was to profit by the enterprise.

Having never been captured I was not personally known to the revenue officers, hence was able to put into effect a harmless little stratagem which worked perfectly. I secured a large scow decked over and on this I built a handsome cabin making a quite luxurious house boat.

I then enlisted the assistance of a trusty friend. We laid in a prodigal supply of expensive fishing tackle, bird guns, and camping paraphernalia, then rigging ourselves out in modish attire, we had our house boat towed to the scene of the opium cache and anchored close in shore. Soon a revenue agent on watch in that locality came aboard and, after sampling our prime whisky and choice cigars, departed in the best of humor. Nothing wrong about us. We were just a pair of debonair and jolly young fellows--rich young swells--house-boating for pleasure.

Every night I spent hours under water and my partner steadily hauled up baskets full of opium cans which he stowed safely away beneath the deck of the scow. Three months of nightly labor exhausted the field, but by this time the scow was well laden. Towed into a lonely cove near the city of Seattle, the cargo was easily transferred to those obscure channels of trade where vice pays the bills and always seems to be well supplied with money.

Who would suspect a couple of wealthy young house-boating tourists of being implicated in the smuggling of opium? Certainly such a suspicion never crossed the minds of the sapient revenue officials. At one point we came upon a sloop which had been scuttled in about six fathoms of water.

There was a heavy cargo of opium aboard, and what gave us an unpleasant shock, two drowned Chinese. Ugly stories are circulated among the islands as to the propensity of the smugglers to leave the helpless Chinese to drown when the revenue cutters press them close, but this was the only evidence we ever discovered of such tragedies.

Many a revenue agent sampled our good cigars and laughed at our jokes, and each succeeding summer they joyously welcomed us and our hospitable house boat to those remote and loggy wilds.

As we had by this time a million dollars apiece in the Elliott Bay National bank, we sold the luxurious houseboat and returned to the paths of financial rectitude.

While there was considerable profit in the business, I should never have made a competence but for a fortunate chance. Thus my experience disproves the theory that industry and economy are certain to lead to success. But when the goddess Chance smiled upon me my fortune was made.

I had a rubber breathing apparatus fitting over my head. A tube led up to the surface of the water and bobbing around among a lot of seaweed or rushes on a shallow bay it was hard to discover which was the rubber breathing tube and which the innocuous seaweed especially when you did not suspect the nature of the stratagem. When a revenue cutter's smoke loomed up dangerously close to me, I'd drop the cans overboard, then with leaden weights on my feet I d plunge in also and calmly wait while the emissaries of the law confiscated my empty skiff and steamed away.

It was dead easy and reasonably profitable. Man is a curious animal: I couldn't smoke while waiting for the revenue officers to go away. You see, I was like those new coast defense cannon. I was built on the disappearing plan. Mackenzie King, Deputy Minister of Labour and a future prime minister of Canada, traveled to Vancouver to study the opium business. He went partly in response to the fact that two of those making claims for reparations after Vancouver's anti-Asian riots of the previous year were opium "manufacturers" i.

The Canadian government, which for several decades had collected major revenues from imports of raw opium and, indirectly, even more taxes from allowing refined opium to be smuggled into the U. Indignation mounted during and after Mackenzie King's investigation. The Canadian Parliament outlawed the opium trade that very same year. Several paragraphs of Mackenzie King's report are especially relevant: The crude opium is imported from India in coco-nut shells, it is 'manufactured' by a process of boiling into what is termed 'powdered' opium and subsequently into opium prepared for smoking.

One or two of the factories have been in existence for over twenty years, but the majority have been recently established. It is asserted by the owners of these establishments that all the opium manufactured is consumed in Canada by Chinese and white people, but there are strong reasons for believing that much of what is produced at the present time is smuggled into China and the coast cities of the United States.

However, the amount consumed in Canada, if known, would probably appall the ordinary citizen who is inclined to believe that the habit is confined to the Chinese and by them indulged in only to a limited extent. I saw evidences of the truth of these statements in my round of visits through some of the opium dens of Vancouver. Like other Canadian government personnel before him, Mackenzie King was evidently concerned that Americans might react negatively to an official admission that the great bulk of the opium imported by and taxed in Canada was destined for re-export to the U.

This must be why he suggests, implausibly, that quantities of the drug were being smuggled from Canada back to China. His emphasis on opium smoking by white women and girls added a racy and racist fillip to the "social evil" argument. In reality, opium for smoking was insignificant as a threat to Canadian and American womanhood compared to opium as an ingredient in popular patent medicines, and no one was talking about outlawing those.

It seems likely that Chinese Canadians rather than opiate narcotics were the real targets of Mackenzie King's investigation. More Opium Brand Names: The website belongs to Reg and Roy, both of whom have important collections of Chinese artifacts. Most of their opium cans come from a late 19th century gold mining site in British Columbia, on the Fraser River not far from Williams Lake.

They write that the site yielded large numbers of Lai Yuen and Fook Long opium cans, plus a number of others with impressed seals that are unfamiliar to us.

The absence of characters for place names at the top of these seals may indicate that most are local Canadian brands. Reg and Roy are in contact with the finder of an even more extraordinary piece: Judging from this example, the labels were printed in Canada or the U. On this label, the shop name at the top is too broken up to be readable. The rest of the printed text is in reasonable condition, however.

We are surprised that anything like this could survive for long at an abandoned mining site. Yet the interior of British Columbia is not nearly as wet as the coastal areas. Reg points out that a can or "tin" found in Australia also had a paper label, quite similar to the one shown here: Assuming that they worked steadily for nights per summer for five years, and that a typical summer night in those days lasted 10 hours, the pair had to find an average of 80 cans per hour, or perhaps cans per hour allowing for a few short breaks during each working night.

As one would expect, North American Chinese, who were not poor by the standards of Chinese in China, could afford good opium and good pipes to smoke it with. The issue of opium quality is discussed elsewhere on this page. Judging from archaeological finds of cans, the quality seems indeed to have been high enough.

As for pipe bowls, the editors have not yet seen enough excavated examples to reach similar conclusions. Bowls for opium pipes have been found at most excavations of North American sites where Chinese lived during the 19th and early 20th centuries: Such clays, with good insulating properties and excellent thermal shock resistance, were traditionally seen by the Chinese as being especially well suited for making teapots and, in the 19th century, for making bowls for opium pipes as well.

Following this incident, which took place soon after she first reached Shanghai in the s, Hahn deliberately became an addict, the lover of an aristocratic poet, and an expert on the opium habit among China's upper classes. Such bowls therefore had to be easily removable.

Serious smokers usually had many more bowls than pipes, and the best bowls -- almost all of Yixing-type ceramic see below -- became collectors' items, cherished as much as fine teawares in China or the best meerschaum and briar tobacco pipes in Europe.

Certain books and websites insist on calling the bowls "dampers," even though that term was not used traditionally and has a quite different meaning in connection with flues and fireplaces in the English-speaking world.

Our guess is that damper represents a misunderstanding by some non-English speaker, who believed that the bowl somehow made the opium vapor more humid. As that part of a pipe could not have such an effect, "bowl" seems to us a better term. All images are of the same pipe and bowl, Field Museum Bowl inserted in pipe. Bowl removed from pipe. Top with "rimmed" hole in center.

Bottom with maker's stamps. Opium pipe with a Yixing-type clay bowl in the Field Museum's collection. Thus far, the editors have only looked at a handful of opium pipe bowls from Chinese North American sites that have readable inscriptions, in the form of seals stamped into the clay before firing, showing where they were made. We did not expect, therefore, to find that several pipes in this small sample come from ceramic centers that were and are famous for high-quality, high-status products.

Even more surprising are a pair of pipe bowls in the collection of the Asian Archaeological Comparative Collection in Moscow, Idaho. Shekwan , whose kilns were famous for making a low-fired buff- to reddish brown stoneware that competed with the Yixing kilns in eastern China in sculpture, desk equipment, miniature landscape items, and upscale flower pots.

Shiwan was certainly capable of producing opium pipe bowls that would have competed with those from Yixing. And yet, here are not one but two examples from sites in the United States. It would seem that excavations in North America can reveal facts about Chinese history that are little known in China itself. One came from a cache of opium paraphernalia found sealed behind a wall in the former Wing Sang store in Vancouver's Pender Street Chinatown.

The fact that the material had been hidden so carefully indicates that this example dates to the period when smoking opium was illegal in Canada i. The other Yixing pipe bowl was found at a historic Chinese habitation site. It appears to have been used and may be earlier than the other.

Yixing pipe bowl with Pan Shun Xiang trade mark, from Vancouver. The other side of the same Yixing pipe bowl, with composite character logo. Top to bottom, left to right: Shiwan pipe bowl excavated in the U. A second Shiwan pipe bowl excavated in the U. The Caucasians might have owed money to their Chinese suppliers or buyers but were not working for them. White smugglers put up their own money, took their own legal and financial risks, bribed rheir own customs officials, and earned the profits of real middlemen, not the wages of mere employees or "mules.

In only a few recorded cases did Chinese do the actual smuggling. By far the best publicized of these cases was that of a westernized upper-class lady, Suzy Sui'e Ying Kao. Time Magazine reported the story in this way: Watching the San Francisco skyline was a young Chinese woman--Mrs. She was returning from a visit to her homeland. When the liner docked she, a lady of some importance, requested courtesy-of-the-port, that her baggage might be passed and delivered at once.

She pointed to the imposing official seals that marked each of her seven wardrobe trunks and four suitcases, claimed diplomatic immunity. The Customs men communicated with the State Department, which verified their belief that diplomatic immunity is granted only to ambassadors or ministers and their wives, not to vice-consular ladies.

Promptly the agents broke the seals, opened the trunks, lifted out laces, silks, and many a small tin box. Kao, high born and college-bred, daughter of the Chinese Minister to Cuba, expressed polite surprise.

The tin boxes, she explained, had been placed in her trunks by influential friends in China, to be carried as gifts to other influential friends in the U. Asked who these friends were, she refused to tell. She would be killed surely if she did, she said.

The searchers found a total of 2, cans about 1, pounds of opium in her baggage, making it a very large seizure by contemporary standards. Suzy Ying Kao may have been an amateur but was a big thinker anyway. Collector Beecher's haul of 3, cans back in broke all records see above. Ying Kao's 2, cans did not quite equal that but was still enough to put her into the big leagues of opium smugglers.

In his hand are two oval opium cans. Then I saw that what I had taken for yarn between the two needles he manipulated was actually a kind of gummy stuff, dark and thick. As he rotated the needle ends about each other, the stuff behaved like taffy in the act of setting; it changed color, too, slowly evolving from its earlier dark brown to tan. At a certain moment, just as it seemed about to stiffen, he wrapped the whole wad around one needle end and picked up a pottery object about as big around as a teacup.

It looked rather like a cup, except that it was closed across the top, with a rimmed hole in the middle of this fixed lid. Heh-ven plunged the wadded needle into this hole, withdrew it, leaving the wad sticking up from the hole, and modeled the rapidly hardening stuff so that it sat on the cup like a tiny volcano. He then picked up a piece of polished bamboo that had a large hole near one end, edged with a band of chased silver.

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