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Gerdano, the executive director of the American Bankruptcy Institute. The company has said from the start that it has the resources to meet the economic challenge, including strong cash flow and billions of barrels of oil in proven reserves. I like going to acedemic type adult conferences DomCon and Leather Leadership Conference are just two on my to-do list , whereas others enjoy more play-centric conferences.

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If your that person, feel free to email me. One of the things that make a relationship and happy is being good stewards of your money. I follow the Ramsey financial philosophy and I have done well. And, yes not paying them back has a negative impact on your credit! TallGirl, if you have a great career and a great job etc… then it sounds like you guys need to lower your living standards to persevere while hubby is in school. There are few job markets that are hiring right now but I do know the medical field is fairly solid right now.

A transmission could go out, an out of the blue injury could happen, etc… If you are not prepared for these things, finances can grow out of control quick.

I was able to climb out of a massive debt when I was advised to file bankruptcy; I owe most of my thanks to Mr. Ramsey and his financial philosophy… By the way, it is a very easy to read book with tables, tear outs, charts etc… Most people that I give the advice to read Ramsey, take it like a grain of salt and pay no attention to my advice.

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The secret project would see at least two deaths: Osmond doubts that Hubbard would have been associated with such a project "not particularly on humanitarian grounds, but on the grounds that it was bad technique. The researcher would reveal only that Al Hubbard's name "appeared in connection with Gottlieb and White , but the material is heavily redacted. Since Harry always argued that psychology would eventually prove what religion already knew, why bother with psychology at all? The movement believed psychology could help people toward religion, and religion could help them psychologically.

A physician participating in a seminar wrote that he had learned that psychiatry taught, "To be happy you must be properly oriented to your environment and totally integrated, so that every action is a productive one leading to full potentiality. Freudian psychology, which defined religious belief as neurotic, was an example of the first danger. Harry believed that "Freudian psychology leads to a mechanistic view of the universe and to a philosophy of meaninglessness.

Eisner had been a student of Harry's in the business law course. She had attended a Records study group at the Rathbuns' home in and was at the first Sequoia Seminar in She had gone on to earn a Ph.

A parenthetical comment near the beginning of the notes indicate that there were "several sessions during which Seminar participants verbalized their 'seventh veil' matter, their inmost blocks to further growth and progress on the Way. When she told the participants, "nothing that has been said is a surprise, at least to me," she was repeating language she had used to describe her Buchmanite experience.

Emilia assured the group that they became more lovable when they opened up and admitted their "inmost natures and problems," and explained that it was all part of the process of discovering what they could be so that they could see where they were and how they could move toward what God intended them to be. In Emilia and Betty Eisner were coleaders of a group that wrote spontaneously on themes suggested by Emilia, "trying to express their own feelings rather than intellectual concepts. We are learning how such activities can contribute to the process of individual change with which we are concerned.

The most explicit was a seminar entitled "Group Therapy" led by Betty Eisner. It was described as "an intensive group therapy situation and will be conducted on a very personal level aimed at removing barriers within the individual which obstruct his growth in creative living. The use of art materials will play an important role. The announcement letter for the seminar season cautioned potential participants that the leaders were "neither qualified nor intended to perform the function of psychotherapy," and they would not accept anybody who seemed more interested in that than in pursuing a religious life.

About the same time, a handwritten memo from Emilia asked if people should not be "well grounded in the teachings of Jesus and have made the decision to follow the 'way' before they are enrolled in any group which has as its objective the process of introspection therapy.

Although nobody knew it at the time, Sequoia Seminar was one of a stream of sources for what would become the "human potential" movement of the s. Their stress of religious values kept them from total involvement, but for several years in the late s they were the place where some of the California activists in the human potential movement got their start.

One was Del Carlson. Carlson was a Marine Corps veteran who had been attracted to a Records study group at San Jose State College in and who had participated actively in Students Concerned. He stayed with the movement after the demise of Students Concerned and was, for a dozen years, one of the mainstays of the group. A high school art teacher, he had his summers free and devoted them to Sequoia Seminar.

He was the group's registrar, business manager, and leader of art therapy sessions until Carlson was also a friend of Michael Murphy, the man who founded Esalen. In fact, Carlson was a coleader of the first formal seminar ever held at Esalen in , when it was still called Slate's Hot Springs.

Even more important, both to Sequoia Seminar and the human potential movement, was Willis Harman. An engineering professor at Stanford, Harman had attended a study group led by Harry [Rathbun] and then had gone to a Sequoia Seminar in He had not expected the heavy emphasis on meditation, introspection, and self-exposure, but he found that his engineer's rational world view was "permanently destroyed" as a result of his experience there.

He embarked on an extended period of self-education in mysticism and psychic phenomena and moved into the inner circle of Sequoia Seminar. On November 16, , eight of the Sequoia Seminar leadership group accompanied Harman to the home of a physician member of the movement, where Harman took LSD for the first time [Interesting Harman in another interview says ]. In subsequent years almost every member of the Sequoia Seminar inner leadership group experimented with LSD on a number of occasions.

Many of the drug sessions were led by Betty Eisner who was very interested in the psychotherapeutic possibilities of low doses of the then legal hallucinogen. She and Harman disagreed strongly, however, on how the drug should be used since he [Harman] preferred larger doses that would provide the user with mystical experiences , rather than the milder effects that Eisner sought.

It was never distributed to anyone other than group leaders, and their sessions were carefully planned and supervised, usually with the presence of one of the planning group members who was a medical doctor. There appear to have been few if any "bad trips," and the drug-induced mystical experiences and psychotherapeutic sessions are usually remembered positively by those who partook of them.

Experimentation with LSD stopped after because most of those involved felt there was nothing more to be gained from continued use and perhaps also because of a difficult confrontation between Emilia Rathbun and Betty Eisner that may have involved the use of the drug. Those, like Harman, who wished to pursue further interests in the drug left Sequoia Seminar and became active in other groups such as Esalen and the International Foundation for Internal Freedom.

Sharman by the end of the decade is illustrated by the controversy that surrounded the last meeting of the trustees of the Sharman will in Harry was not only one of the trustees of the self-liquidating foundation set up by the will; he was also its executor. In plans were made to dispose of the last twenty-five thousand dollars of the funds from Sharman's estate , and Harry apparently hoped that the bulk of the money could go to Sequoia Seminar.

To convince the others that his group met the intention of the will, Harry invited them out to California for a seminar. Word of the psychological emphasis had spread, and those who toed the orthodox Sharman line were not pleased with what they had heard. One trustee reported that a number of students of his had gone to Stanford and had reported back unfavorably on the Rathbuns' work. Another summed up his objections by telling Harry that he believed Sequoia Seminar was "quite different from those led by Dr.

Very little serious study of the Records themselves seems to be attempted and much time is devoted to the personal problems of the individual members. Training and skill in psychology and psychiatry seem to be very important. This domination could have made the group an ongoing force within the new human potential movement in California.

That course was not followed, however, because in the period between and Emilia underwent a number of severe personal strains that eventually climaxed in a religious revelation. This revelation was the basis for a reclarification of the whole meaning and purpose of the movement. The psychologizing that Emilia had first questioned back in the early s when it was led by Elizabeth Boyden had slowly worked its way into her own group, and by the end of the decade it threatened to eclipse the religious work completely.

The philosophy that had evolved was based in part on the validity of psychology as a means for personal insight, but it also used the evolutionary and mystical theories of Gerald Heard , and always the objective study of the life of Jesus in the Sharman tradition. Emilia's personal crisis of the period after would have the effect of redressing the balance and putting psychology back into a secondary role. Psychology would be exchanged for a new interpretation of the religious message that would finally move Sequoia Seminar from proto-sect to a fully self-conscious religious movement.

The increasing stress on psychology toward the end of the s, and the growing formalization of ideology, were both indications that the group was moving away from the churches both literally and theoretically and toward the sect end of the church-sect continuum. The codification of the movement's ideology decreased the likelihood that they would change to go along with trends in the larger society. The focus on psychology was perceived by members as a "service," exactly the kind of service predicted by the economic model as compensation for the increased cost of sect membership.

The transition was not yet complete. The most obvious component of a sect is its divergence from standard church values. It is that divergence that makes membership so costly. At the end of the s, Sequoia Seminar was still primarily a gospel study group that could operate from within the churches. There were signs of uniqueness beginning to appear, but they would not be fully embraced until after Emilia had her vision of a New Religion for the Third Age.

Eisner worked with LSD, mescaline, amphetamine, ketamine, Ritalin, and carbogen with her patients, both in individual and group settings. Some of the sessions she facilitated in group settings included "encounter group"-style expression, experimental combinations of psychoactive drugs and body work.

She conducted important early research into the the use of LSD to treat alcoholism, notably with colleague Sidney Cohen. Her publications and personal correspondence are archived at Stanford University.

In addition to using hallucinogens like LSD and mescaline in psychedelic therapy, Eisner also gave stimulants such as methylphenidate and the inhaled gas mixture carbogen to her patients. Until much more is known about the personal biochemical and psychological , familial, and social factors that contribute to alcoholism, so it will remain.

Most new therapies are merely adjunctive to AA and will continue to be so until it is shown that they have therapeutic value when used alone. In my view, psychedelic therapy is best used as a preparation for AA. Bob founded AA, alcoholism had not been accepted as a disease, either by society at large or by the medical profession.

Society considered it a moral problem, but found itself confronted with an interesting dilemma, for only a small proportion of the total drinking society drank excessively.

No moral sanctions were required for the majority, who eventually made social drinking an integral part of the culture. The majority who remained moral drinkers could not understand why a minority became intemperate or alcoholic.

Moral sanctions were applied on the premise that excessive drinking arose from defects of character, defects of will, and defects in society. These sanctions included education, persuasion, incarceration, and banishment. Unfortunately, the most stringent measures had little permanent effect, and the proportion of the drinking society a concept developed by Dr.

Osmond remained the same or increased. Medicine also considered alcoholism a non-disease. The founders of AA introduced the medical model first to alcoholics, later to society, and finally to the medical profession. This concept was very appealing to alcoholics because it gave them a satisfactory explanation for their misfortunes.

If they were sick and not evil, then they might expect the same sort of treatment they would receive if they developed pneumonia or diabetes. Bob also introduced the concept of allergy, which thirty-five years ago was incorporated into medicine as a new group of diseases. It also carried strong personal responsibility.

An alcoholic could not be censured for being an alcoholic, but he could be for doing nothing about it. Society resisted the idea that alcoholics are sick, since it got no guidance from a reluctant medical profession. Doctors expect diseases to be more or less definable, to have treatment that may be ineffective but must be in common use, and to have a predictable prognosis.

When they became convinced that AA did help large numbers of alcoholics remain sober, they gradually accepted alcoholics as patients. Even now, the majority of hospitals are extremely reluctant to admit alcoholics who are drunk, and many doctors dread seeing them in their offices. Eventually AA forced the profession to accept the fact that alcoholism, which has been estimated to afflict 5 per cent of the population, is a disease.

This marked the beginning of the final solution to the problem. For, having accepted the disease concept, doctors were challenged by the enormous problems, and, in a matter of a few years, several major therapeutic discoveries were made.

The newer adjunctive therapies developed for alcoholism may be divided into the psychological and the biochemical. Psychotherapy, deconditioning therapy, and psychedelic therapy are examples of purely psychological therapy, while sugar-free diets for relative hypoglycemia, mega vitamin B3, megascorbic acid, and adrenocortical extracts or extracts of licorice are examples of pure chemotherapies.

Psychedelic therapy is the only therapy that has prepared alcoholics to become responsible members of AA, when previously they had been unable to do so. Failure to understand this distinction has led to several futile researches, best exemplified by the study of Smart and Storm , which was widely circulated in an extreme form before publication of the watered-down version. Psychedelic therapy refers to a form of psychotherapy in which hallucinogenic drugs are used in a particular way to facilitate the final goal, which for alcoholics is sobriety.

The drugs may be mescaline, LSD, psilocybin, and many others, as well as combinations. It is therefore trivial to test the effect of LSD or other hallucinogens on alcoholics in such a way that there is no psychedelic reaction. In fact, these trivial experiences have led to trivial data, as reported by Smart et al. Close examination of their report shows that no therapy was given, nor was there any encouragement of discussion of problems.

The experience was not psychedelic, but was more in the nature of an inquisition, with the subject strapped to the bed, pretreated with dilantin , and ill from mcg of LSD. Since no investigator has ever claimed that LSD used in this way does have any therapeutic effect, this experiment suggests that LSD used with no therapeutic intent or skill is not apt to help. One of the subjects given LSD by Smart et al. The experiences and the outcome were quite different. Psychedelic therapy aims to create a set and a setting that will allow proper psychotherapy.

The psychedelic therapist works with material that the patient experiences and discusses, and helps him resynthesize a new model of life or a new personal philosophy. During the experience, the patient draws upon information flooding in from the altered environment and from his own past, and uses it to eliminate false ideas and false memories.

With the aid of the therapist, he evaluates himself more objectively and becomes more acutely aware of his own responsibility for his situation and, even more important, for doing something about it. He also becomes aware of inner strengths or qualities that help him in his long and difficult struggle toward sobriety.

Abramson , contains the best collection of scientific papers on psychedelic therapy. There was a marked similarity between these reactions and schizophrenia and the toxic psychoses. Delirium tremens is one of the common toxic states. It occurred to us that LSD might be used to produce models of dt's.

Many alcoholics ascribed the beginning of their recovery to "hitting bottom," and often "hitting bottom" meant having had a particularly memorable attack of dt's. We thought that LSD could be used this way with no risk to the patient. We treated our first two alcoholics at the Saskatchewan Hospital , Weyburn, Saskatchewan, and one recovered. Other early pilot studies were encouraging, and we increased the tempo of our research until at one time six of our major psychiatric centers in Saskatchewan were using it.

As of now, we must have treated close to one thousand alcoholics. Within a few years after our first patients were treated, we became aware that a large proportion of our alcoholics did not have psychotomimetic reactions.

Their experiences were exciting and pleasant, and yielded insight into their drinking problems. It became evident that a new phenomenon had been recognized in psychiatry. Osmond created the word psychedelic to define these experiences, and announced this at a meeting of the New York Academy of Sciences in Following this, our researches were aimed at improving the quality and quantity of psychedelic reactions. Within the past ten years, major studies, under the direction of Dr.

Unger at Spring Grove State Hospital, Baltimore, Maryland, have added materially to our knowledge of the effect of psychedelic therapy on alcoholism. I will not review the results of psychedelic therapy in detail.

This has been done in the books edited by H. Abramson and in The Hallucinogens by A. The one striking conclusion is that every scientist using psychedelic therapy with alcoholics found the same proportion of recoveries.

Whether the experiments were considered controlled or not, about 50 per cent were able to remain sober or to drink much less. This seems to be a universal statistic for LSD therapy. Walter Alvarez recently told me that when he wrote a paper on food allergies at the Mayo Clinic about fifty years ago, he was severely criticized by his colleagues. Only strong support from one of the Mayos, who discovered that he himself had a food allergy, protected Alvarez from even-more-powerful assault.

Medicine seems very reluctant to take unto itself new diseases. The most common is paper blotter. Other forms include gell caps, liquid, and gelatin. Each form will contain different quantities and purities of lysergic acid diethylamide.

The chart below shows dosages for pure LSD measured in micrograms ug. His father was a local merchant, and the family was prominent locally. Myron graduated first in his class both from his high school and from the local military junior college. He was a student at Stanford when David Packard and Bill Hewlett came back to campus to show off their first commercial oscillator.

Near the end of the Second World War, he received an engineering degree and took a job working as the first employee of Alexander M. Poni-atoff at a small electric-motor company in Belmont, California. He began as a design engineer and later helped Poniatoff prototype the first magnetic reel-to-reel tape recorder , which launched the company that took its name from Poniatoff's initials plus "ex" for excellence.

Ampex Electric and Manufacturing had been founded in San Carlos after Poniatoff had begun looking for new applications for his high-quality motors. Ampex is no longer a factor in Silicon Valley and today is remembered largely because its corporate logo is still prominently visible on Highway , the freeway that slices through the heart of the Valley.

Of course, none of that was apparent from what was nothing more than an invitation to attend a lecture being given by Harry Rathbun , a professor of business law at Stanford. Rathbun was a charismatic teacher who was tremendously popular on campus, where he lectured to overflow classes on subjects that included discussions of personal ethics and values.

Rathbun's presentation was given in a small library in South Palo Alto, and it struck Stolaroff "between the eyes. Stolaroff was transported, realizing that his life had been hollow and that the questions Rathbun was asking and answering mesmerized him. As it turned out, Rathbun's own life had been transformed when he and his wife, Emilia, attended a wilderness retreat led by Henry B.

Sharman , a wealthy retired Canadian. Sharman had written a book entitled Jesus as Teacher , which probed the historical records surrounding the New Testament. After returning to Stanford, the Rathbuns began conducting study groups for Stanford students in their home on the teachings of Christ.

The sessions were later expanded to include a two-week retreat at a center that was established in the mountains about forty miles southwest of campus near the sleepy beach town of Santa Cruz. They became known as the Sequoia Seminars and ultimately, in the s, spun off a series of cultlike groups including the Creative Initiative Foundation, Beyond War, and Women to Women Building the Earth for the Children's Sake that attracted a broad, largely upper-middle-class following.

In many cases, people who joined them sold their homes and personal belongings and dedicated their lives completely to these groups. However, long before the s, the Sequoia Seminars had a less well known but more dramatic and far-reaching consequence, in their immediate impact on Myron Stolaroff.

Although he had been angered by Harry Rathbun's sneaky trick of guiding him to the phi-losophy of Jesus, Stolaroff remained intrigued by Rathbun's ideas. The following year, he decided to set aside his anti-Jesus bias and his concern about what was happening to Jews around the world in the name of Jesus and attend a longer set of discussion groups led by the Rathbuns.

At the seminar, Stolaroff became a convert. By the time it was over, he felt that he had experienced true love for others for the first time in his life and become a believer in "the power of the message" of Jesus. It was during one of his visits in that Heard spoke enthusiastically to Stolaroff about a new drug called LSD. The very idea shocked the young engineer, who couldn't figure out why a world-famous mystic would need to take a drug.

With two passports and with a murky history of connections to both law enforcement and intelligence agencies, Al Hubbard was without question one of the most curious characters in America during the s and s.

There are conflicting accounts of Hubbard's life, but the best summary of his early years appears in Jay Stevens's Storming Heaven: LSD and the American Dream. Born in Kentucky, Hubbard surfaced publicly in Seattle in with the invention of a perpetual-motion machine. And there was an intimation that he had had some loose affiliation with the Manhattan Project as a black-market supplier of uranium.

Even after Stolaroff had come to know Hubbard well, he wasn't certain where the truth lay. But he soon fell under Hubbard's spell, viewing him as an especially powerful and articulate individual. Hubbard is intriguing in part because while most popular accounts of the introduction of LSD in America focus on the roles played by author Ken Kesey and psychologist Timothy Leary, Hubbard was an earlier proponent, and an important influence in the use of psychedelics by a number of Silicon Valley's pioneering engineers.

He found LSD in , and in addition to Huxley, Heard, and perhaps more than one thousand others during the s, he introduced the drug to Stolaroff and indirectly to a small group of engineers who formed a splinter group from the Rathbuns' Sequoia Seminar.

He had decided that experiences like the one he had had in Canada were the answer to the world's problems. LSD would give society a new set of powerful tools to advance human development. Like Engelbart, Stolaroff set off on his own grand quest to augment the human mind. His first stop was his closest friends at the Sequoia Seminar , where he had become a member of the group's planning committee.

He introduced them to LSD in turn and created an informal research group composed of five fellow engineers and their wives. Stolaroff's study group set in motion an unheralded but significant train of events, plunging a small group of technologists into the world of psychedelics almost a decade before LSD became a standard recreational drug on American college campuses.

Fadiman had gone to Harvard and studied social relations. He soon came to consider the field as psychology without rats, and he had instead focused his energy on being an actor. After graduating in , he spent a year in Paris, and while he was there Timothy Leary and Richard Alpert along with Aldous Huxley passed through on their way to deliver an academic paper on psychedelics in Copenhagen.

In Paris, Alpert, who had been Fadiman's professor at Harvard , told him, "The greatest thing in the world has happened to me, and I want to share it with you. Forced back to America by the threat of the draft, Fadiman moved to California a year later and arrived at Stanford as a distinctly unhappy graduate student in He was feeling that school was a waste of his life, which he would have rather spent in more cultured Augmentation Europe.

Moreover, having recently been introduced to psychedelic drugs, the world suddenly seemed like a much different place. Full of self-pity, he began leafing through the Stanford class catalog looking for something that might be interesting to study.

In his new, more highly attuned state, Fadiman thought to himself, There's something here. That morning, he walked across campus to visit Harman. The man to whom he introduced himself looked like a totally straight and conservative engineering professor, and when Fadiman asked if he could take the interdisciplinary course, Harman replied that it was already full for the quarter, and perhaps he should think about it for the next quarter.

The professor walked across the room, shut his office door, and said, "We'd better talk. He was able to talk to the students about things that Harman felt he couldn't. He also soon became the youngest researcher at the newly founded International Foundation for Advanced Study, Myron Sto-laroff's project for continuing his research on the uses of LSD. Experiments were already being conducted at the Veterans' Administration Hospital in Menlo Park, and the Palo Alto Mental Research Institute had also begun introducing local psychiatrists and psychologists, and even writers such as Allen Ginsberg, to psychedelic drugs.

Engineers rather than medical professionals led the project, and the clinic was intent on charging a five-hundred-dollar fee for each experience. An early local newspaper report described the foundation's goals as being "partly medical, partly scientific, partly philosophical, partly mystical. They worked with several psychologists, including Fadiman , as well as the mysterious Al Hubbard, who was a mentor to both Harman and Stolaroff and who became a member of the board of directors.

Fadiman, who soon was teaching at San Francisco State, finished his Ph. The foundation was not far from Roy Kepler's bookstore and a short walk from the hole-in-the-wall store where the Midpeninsula Free University store and print shop were to locate in the mid-sixties. About a mile away from the truck store, the original People's Computer Company settled and in turn was the catalyst for the Homebrew Computer Club in the mids.

The club itself served to ignite the personal-computer industry. Most of the Bay Area was comfortably oblivious. Beginning in , for a period of more than four years, the International Foundation for Advanced Study led more than people through LSD experiences. Among the participants were Dr. Charles Savage, a physician who had conducted medical experiments for the U. Navy in the early s, exploring the use of psychedelics as a truth serum , In his hunt for subjects for the foundation's creativity studies, Fadiman called George Leonard, a California-based editor for Look.

The magazine was at work on a special issue entitled "California: A New Game with New Rules. However, the June 28,, edition of Look introduced the rest of the world to the social and cultural changes that were ripping through California.

On the cover was a photo of Jim and Dorothy Fadiman, locked in a deep embrace amid a field of California poppies. A backlash was inevitable. Fadiman continued to oversee the LSD creativity research with scientists and engineers, until one day, while he was at the office with a group of four scientists lying on the floor listening to music in preparation for work on their technical problems while under a low dose of LSD, he opened an official-looking letter from the Food and Drug Administration.

He knew what was coming. It was July , and the government was looking for ways to show that it was acting to stop teenage drug use. The letter was an order to immediately stop the foundation's research. Fadiman turned to his colleagues and said, "I think we opened this letter tomorrow.

In and , LSD was seeping out of an isolated bohemian niche and into the mainstream of America. It would even permeate SRI, the largely military funded research center that sat just blocks away from offices of the foundation and the Whole Earth Truck Store.

She co-founded the Sequoia Seminar, an organization promoting nonviolent conflict resolution. The organization was a forerunner of the Foundation for Global Community. Stolaroff, the former Ampex executive, noted in that LSD was the most important invention of the last 1, years. No intelligent well-informed person would disagree. Berkeley was world headquarters for LSD, a substance which the government conservatively estimates more than 90 million people have taken.

In a ranking DEA official, Gene Haislip, stated that the entire global supply was controlled by a group of approximately people in the bay area. Mullis famously attributes his invention to the fact that he took LSD in Berkeley. The waitress at the Buttercup was Suze Orman , who went on to become the bestselling financial author.

She was frequently annoyed at the 2 customers, Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak , who were poor and tried to get free coffee.

The reason, of course, was Leary's advocacy of LSD. In the words of a popular song from that time "San Francisco [be sure to wear some flowers in your hair]" by Scott Mckenzie, To produce 5- to million hit of any other psychedelic, you would have to have the resources of Upjohn Corporation.

I mean it's an industrial scale undertaking. Because LSD is active in the microgram range, it is unique in that you're not simply able to get your neighborhood or your campus high, you are a political force at the national level. If you're sitting on to million hits of LSD, you have a gun poised at the head of the establishment, and they react to it that way. You have some strong ties to the Bay Area; tell us about them. In , I came to Berkeley from Illinois and slept in my van on Hearst Avenue for four months while I worked in the hills for a tree service helping cut down eucalyptus trees.

E-mail Carolyn Said at csaid sfchronicle. C San Francisco Chronicle http: Gobind Khorana that allows the amplification of specific DNA sequences. Mullis earned a Bachelor of Science degree in chemistry[2] from the Georgia Institute of Technology in Atlanta in , during which time he got married and started a business. After receiving his PhD, Mullis left science to write fiction, but quit and became a biochemist at a medical school in Kansas City.

A lot of people were doing that in Berkeley back then. And I found it to be a mind-opening experience. It was certainly much more important than any courses I ever took. I seriously doubt it. California Monthly Berkeley, CA: California Alumni Association 1: Yesterday a Hillary operative ate his words faster than a stoner gobbling a smoldering roach when the fuzz kicks in the door.

Did you ever give drugs to anyone? Did you sell them to anyone? She wants no discussion of youthful drug experiments. Reasons that go back to the Clintons' Berkeley Summer of Love in -- if not before. Reasons that I know well because I was in Berkeley in that summer of I was living about four blocks away from where Bill and Hillary were, in the parlance of the time, "shacked up. I know what went down. It was non-stop sex, drugs, rock and roll, and activism.

And while I don't remember everything, I remember a lot. More than I should given the quantity, quality, and diversity of the drugs that were on the scene, on the street, and in the bodies of all of us at the time in that place.

Of course, Mr Gerstein makes no accusations of drug use by the young, hip and activist couple Hillary was clerking for the radical Treuhaft law firm in nearby Oakland. Bill gave up a summer of working for George McGovern to be with her. Instead, he's dug up some charming details of two young politico-hippies in love in the town that was the town to be in if you were young hippies in love in The new couple quickly became quite domestic. Bowing to her future husband's Arkansas roots, Mrs.

Clinton baked him a peach pie. The pair also "produced a palatable chicken curry for any and all occasions we hosted," Mrs. Clinton clerked at the Treuhaft firm in nearby Oakland, Mr. Clinton plowed through books, explored Berkeley shops, and scouted out San Francisco restaurants. According to the future senator, the pair also kindled their romance on long walks where Mr. Clinton occasionally used his southern twang to regale her with Elvis Presley tunes.

One night in July, the couple drove down to Stanford to listen to an outdoor concert by Joan Baez. I know because I was part of the People's Park riots of Shotguns, death, helicopters spewing gas.

The whole stupid shebang that left one man dead. Our own mini Kent State. I was also around for the Free Speech Movement of By I'd been around Berkeley and the Bay Area for some time. And I was there, living in a house on corner of Fulton and Ward streets not more than four blocks from the Derby Street apartment.

If the Clintons ventured outside onto Telegraph Avenue at all we would have passed each other on the street, skulked around Cody's books, and had cappuccino at the Med. On this you can bet your stash of primo Afghan hash. The Green House, today. My apartment, below right.

Acid factory, above right The other thing you can bet the stash on about the Clintons in that summer of in Berkeley is that they were stoned, loaded, blasted, wasted, high as a kite, and just plain baked. At the very least. Assuming that pot and hashish was as far as it went.

And it did not for many in that summer, I assure you, stop at that. Other drugs that were around for the asking and used frequently were LSD and cocaine. Heroin too, but I never saw it. It was on the down low, the QT, very hush-hush and you usually had to go to Oakland to score it. In the house I lived in at the time, there were four apartments. Two in front and two in the rear. I lived in the downstairs front. Above me lived a couple, Ben and Carol.

Carol was great at sewing and macrame. Ben was great at making tablets of Lysergic Acid. Indeed, at the time Ben was one of the main suppliers for the bay area. Every so often Ben would go off somewhere and come back with a trunk which he and a partner would haul up the stairs and into the apartment above us. Yes, like the Clintons I too was shacking up with what we referred to at the time as "my old lady. About one every three seconds or so. Ben had mixed up his LSD and was running the preparation through the pill press.

After a long night of this, Ben and Carol and his partner would emerge from the apart, stoned as poleaxed penguins from the high you got by working around LSD in a less than controlled environment. Bags of small pills in blue or red or whatever color he'd decided on would remain behind to be shuffled out to the Hells Angels or whomever Ben had doing his distribution. You didn't ask about that. It was his business and Ben was the first person I ever knew to keep a number of guns lying around.

And that was the LSD scene in Berkeley at the time. The pot scene was even looser and more available. It wasn't a question of who on the streets of Berkley was baked. It was a question of who wasn't. If you read the Sun article it is clear that there's more investigative reporting to be done on the question of the Clintons' summer of love. But there are a few hints. The pair also "produced a palatable chicken curry for any and all occasions we hosted.

But put that together with a chicken curry and you've got hard core stoner food, dude. And you know I'm right. So unless the Clintons were very, very unhip at the time It was, after all, It was, after all, Berkeley California. If the Clintons, during their first prolonged cohabitation, were at all "normal" for the time their evenings at home would have consisted of 1 rolling a fat doobie, probably three or four; 2 whipping up some chicken curry 3 smoking a fat doobie; 4 getting some dim candles going along with a stick of incense 5 putting on a tried and true series of records; and 6 hopping into bed and, as we said then, "balling" until they passed out.

That was pretty much the standard evening's entertainment in the summer of in Berkeley. And one thing I can tell you is that the non-conformist hippies of that time and that place ran to type.

Glancing at a list of the singles that were hot in , I can probably even guess the songs the Clintons played while they frolicked. Big Stuff for the dinner moment. Then when you really started to get into it, a stoned and hip Lothario such as the young and even-more-randy-than-when-President Bill Clinton would not have left Led Zepplin's Stairway to Heaven off the turntable when he was going to make his move. Indeed, if he planned it right he'd stacked the albums carefully and at just the right moment, the killer platter would fall and it would be The Doors I don't know about Bill, but by I was on my second copy of The Doors album.

Now, I am sure that you will never, ever have the ghost of a chance of getting either Hillary or Bill to, as we used to say, cop to any of this. But it happened that way, a long, long time ago, in a stoner's universe far, far away.

Believe me, the last thing Hillary Clinton wants is for anyone on her campaign or any other campaign to start looking into drug use. Especially for Candidates shacking up in Berkeley, just down from Telegraph Avenue, in the lovin' summer of I know what happened. Not in their bedroom. At least, I don't think I was. But in mine, in the same town in the same summer. And that's what was, as we said then, "Happening, man.

And I'm not stoned anymore either. At least, I don't think I am. Then again, if Hillary was to have an epiphany on the question of dumping the insane laws again marijuana and promise not just a chicken curry in every pot, but a kilo of Acapulco gold in every pothead, she just might get people to vote for her that are usually too stoned to make it off the couch, much less to the polls. It might be the one promise that gets all America to vote. I haven't gotten to some of the underlying "theology".

Could "LSD Therapy" create the "enhanced human"? If you will notice many "engineers" are involved with the early story. Also notice the early "Global Community" push. Located in Palo Alto, California, this prestigious think tank received a number of grants from the US Army to conduct classified research into chemical incapacitants.

Harmon made no bones about where he stood with respect to political radicals and the New Left. And my side is not going to lose. Also, with the many Isomers and production differences it maybe that the LSD of the 's was different from the later incarnations.

Also dosage created wide differences in "mind altering" effects, which I'd like to expand on in another post. The Grateful Dead "heads" were a nationwide distribution network. Jerry's gone but I doubt the GD distribution is. Scully had one more ace up his sleeve. Scully found the ALD formula among scientific papers and books in the specialist library at Berkeley.

It was a compound Hofmann had tested years before. At the University of California Medical Center, Scully uncovered the scientific paper Hofmann and a colleague had published on the drug. The table suggested that ALD might actually have advantages over LSD, reducing any side effects but achieving a stronger trip. Measurements of brain waves while people were taking the two drugs showed that while LSD produced brain waves associated with intense concentration and anxiety, ALD produced brain waves showing a more relaxed mental state.

There was one snag. Although the finished product might be legal, at a crucial stage in its production it was illegal. The solution was a simple reversal in the order of production so that at no time was drug illegal. Hitchcock had been badly burned financially when STP had picked up a bad name on the street.

It was thought he would oppose ALD as yet another innovation that would prove difficult to sell. Willis Harmon was turned on to LSD in the late 's by Captain Al Hubbard , the legendary superspy, who took a special interest in his new convert.

IFAS was the brainchild of Hubbard, who undoubtedly leaned on his political connections in Washington to insure that Harmon and his colleagues would be allowed to continue their drug investigations even after the first big purge of above-ground LSD research by the FDA in the early s. In October he invited Hubbard, then living in semiretirement in British Columbia, to join SRI as a part-time "special investigative agent.

Some of it appears to be present as a deliberate weapon aimed at political change. We are concerned with assessing the significance of this as it impacts on matters of longrange educational policy.

In this connection it would be advantageous to have you considered in the capacity of a special investigative agent who might have access to relevant data which is not ordinarily available. He boasted a great deal of experience both in the law enforcement field and in the use of psychedelic drugs. As a special agent for the FDA in the early s, he led the first raids on underground acid labs , and a number of rebel chemists were arrested because of his detective work.

The Captain was particularly irked when he learned that LSD in adulterated form was circulating on the black market. To Hubbard this represented degradation of the lowest order. The most precious spiritual substance on earth was being contaminated by a bunch of lousy bathtub chemists out to make a quick buck.

The Captain was dead set against illicit drug use. Even though Hubbard took a lot of acid and was a maverick among his peers, he remained a staunch law-and-order man throughout his life. The crew-cut Captain was the quintessential turned-on patriot, a seasoned spy veteran who admired the likes of J. Thus he was eager to apply his espionage talents to a secret study of the student movement and the acid subculture. After conferring with Harmon, the Captain donned a khaki uniform, a gold-plated badge, a belt strung with bullets, and a pistol in a shoulder holster.

That was the uniform he wore throughout his tenure as an SRI consultant, which lasted until the late S. Ironically, while Harmon and Hubbard were probing the relationship between drugs and radical politics , a number of New Left activists grappled with a similar question. Political and cultural radicals from both sides of the Atlantic discussed the drug issue at a conference on "the dialectics of liberation," which took place in London during the summer of In the last report, I mentioned the satisfaction resulting from books I have written which stir up dormant personal connections of the past.

Those who are familiar with the many benefits derived from the responsible use of psychedelics are hard pressed to understand the ardent negative evaluation by many government officials, mainstream scientists, and the public at large. Consequently it is gratifying to hear from those who are willing to speak up and share their personal experiences. Here is a recent letter forwarded to me by MAPS: My interest is very personal.

The two session I had there were some of the most valuable experiences of my life. Though I worked with some wonderful therapists after that, nothing approached the kind of straightening out I got with LSD. Reading The Secret Chief has given me some hope that someday qualified therapists will be able to use these drugs in their practices.

It also made me mourn that I did not know about Jacob and did not try to seek out a place where I could have done it anyway. My life would have been much different. Thank you for all your work in trying to get these substances legitimized for therapeutic use. I'm 68 now, but I yearn for the opportunity to untangle more of my knots. Is it possible to participate in research studies? I also would be glad to write letters to Senators, Congressmen, the FDA, or anyone to help this process along.

It's absurd to have these powerful tools unavailable to doctors, while the illicit drug trade sells everyone else whatever they want. This unfortunately is very loose. Once that connection was established I would continue documenting Leary's operation The son of a wealthy businessman, Pinchot studied law in New York City.

In he married Gertrude Minturn. The couple had two children, Rosamund and Gifford. Pinchot held left-wing views and in helped establish the radical journal The Masses. In Pinchot helped formed the Progressive Party. Later that year Theodore Roosevelt and Hiram Johnson became the party's candidates for the presidential election. The proposed program included women's suffrage, direct election of senators, anti-trust legislation and the prohibition of child labour.

In winning 4,, votes Roosevelt defeated William H. Taft, the official candidate of the Republican Party. However, he received less votes than the Democratic Party candidate, Woodrow Wilson.

Pinchot believed that the First World War had been caused by the imperialist competitive system. This was the point of view expressed by The Masses. Glintenkamp had violated the Espionage Act. Under this act it was an offence to publish material that undermined the war effort. The legal action that followed forced the journal to cease publication. In April, , after three days of deliberation, the jury failed to agree on the guilt of the men.

The second trial was held in September, John Reed , who had recently returned from Russia, was also arrested and charged with the original defendants. This time eight of the twelve jurors voted for acquittal and the defendants walked free on October 5, The couple had two children, Mary Pinchot and Antoinette Pinchot. In two Italian immigrants, Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti , were accused of murdering a shoe factory payroll clerk in Braintree, Massachusetts.

Pinchot and his wife were convinced that the two men were innocent and spent a great deal of time and effort trying to get them released. Pinchot supported his friend, Robert La Follette, the the candidate of the Progressive Party in the presidential election.

Although La Follette and his running partner, Burton K. Wheeler, gained support from trade unions, the Socialist Party and the Scripps-Howard newspaper chain, La Follette only won one-sixth of the votes. However, the books were not published in his lifetime. Initially he supported Franklin D. Roosevelt and the New Deal. However, he was opposed his attempt to control the Supreme Court.

In April, , Pinchot had a letter published in the New York Times where he criticised Roosevelt's style of government "which places the fate of labor, industry and agriculture in a bureaucracy controlled by one man I am forced to conclude that Although she only appeared in one Hollywood movie, she did get parts in several French films. However, she suffered from depression and in she committed suicide.

Pinchot was devastated and never fully recovered from this tragedy. Flynn and Charles A. Supporters of the organization included Burton K. The AFC had four main principles: The AFC influenced public opinion through publications and speeches and within a year the organization had local chapters and over , members. Pinchot grew increasing depressed by the progress of the Second World War and in the summer of he slit his wrists.

He survived this suicide attempt but his health never recovered and spent the rest of his life in hospital. Amos Pinchot died of pneumonia in February, In fact, Pinchot was quoted as saying, "I have been governor every now and then, but I am a forester all the time. Pinchot's great grandfather, Constantine Pinchot, and his grandfather, C. Pinchot, settled in Milford, Pike County, in James Pinchot was born in Milford and built the present Pinchot mansion there in Pinchot was determined to establish forestry as a legitimate occupation, despite the fact that forestry was not a recognized profession at that time in the United States.

Amos Eno offered his grandson a business position that most likely would have made Pinchot independently wealthy , but Pinchot considered forest conservation a more important calling.

With his father's encouragement, he studied forestry in Germany, France, Switzerland, and Austria. In January , Pinchot, at the invitation of George Vanderbilt, created the first example in the United States of practical forest management on a large scale at Vanderbilt's Biltmore Estate, near Ashville, North Carolina.

Proving that conservation practices could be both beneficial for forests and still profitable, the Biltmore arboretum became a model for forest management around the world. From to , Pinchot consolidated the fragmented government forest work under the U. In , Pinchot also became professor of Forestry at Yale University and, in , his friend President Theodore Roosevelt appointed him chief of Forestry.

Under Pinchot's guidance, the number of national forests increased from 32 in to in Pinchot and Roosevelt agreed on many points of conservation and worked tirelessly to end the destruction of U.

Pinchot also visited the Philippine Islands in and recommended a forest policy for the islands. He was also appointed chairman of the Joint Committee on Conservation, by the first conference of Governors at Washington, December In , he was a member of the U.

Cornelia and Gifford both were longtime friends with Theodore Roosevelt, who attended their wedding. As one of the most politically active first ladies in the history of Pennsylvania, she was a very strong advocate for women's rights, full educational opportunities for women, seeking wage and union protections for women and children, and encouraging women to participate in the political process. Her family's wealth, influence from socially and politically prominent relatives, and Progressive Era politics proved to be a great influence on her husband's political agenda.

Her influence among female voters is credited as a key factor in the election of her husband. Cornelia Bryce Pinchot ran for the U. House of Representatives three times and attempted to succeed her husband as governor in the primary of , but lost all four elections.

Shortly after Congressman Louis T. Cornelia Bryce Pinchot, the Governor's wife and no political friend of the President, announced her Republican candidacy for the House from Mr. Last week 15th District voters renominated Mr.

McFadden who returned to the House to receive an ovation from his colleagues. Pinchot had campaigned in a bright blue Studebaker. Often she stepped out wearing mannish knickerbockers. Big posters bearing her sharp profile had blared: McFadden's later career was marked by violent criticism of his party's financial policies.

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