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Would you like to go back to college? Are you in need of financial aid? If so, the federal Pell Grant can help you to pay for your education expenses. For many students, the Pell Grant has been an essential resource to help offset the cost of tuition and books.

The Pell Grant has relatively few restrictions and the award does not have to be repaid or included as taxable income. What are the requirements to receive a Pell Grant? How can you apply for one? What kind of assistance does it provide?

This article will answer all of these questions and provide information about an additional educational grant you may want to consider.

The Pell Grant is intended to provide students from low-income households with access to higher education, and eventually, an opportunity to gain a successful job. The program is entirely funded by the federal government and the grant can be applied for once during each academic year. Most public technical schools, colleges and universities offer disbursement of the Pell Grant, but you will want to check with your school to make sure it participates in the program.

Since the grant is provided by the government, individual schools do not set any restrictions on who is eligible for the program. This means that, unlike a scholarship, you will not be required to compete against other students to apply for the Pell Grant. The maximum award amount is increased yearly. Your school has the option of applying your Pell award to any outstanding educational expenses you may have.

But, if you do not have a balance due, you will receive your award as a check. The school is legally required to pay you at least once each school term. This means that if you attend an institution that operates on the quarter system, you will receive your annual award separated into four checks. You will be issued one check during each quarter. If your school operates on the semester system, your aid will similarly be divided by semester.

There are a few requirements to apply for the Pell Grant. Your financial eligibility for the Pell Grant will be determined according to the income information you provide for you and your family. If you meet the eligibility, a mathematical formula is then used to calculate exactly how much aid you will receive that year.

The amount of the award you receive is also affected by other factors. To receive the maximum amount of the grant, you must be attending school full-time. If you are attending school part-time or if you will be enrolled for less than a full academic year, your award will decrease dramatically. Your personal costs to attend school will also have an effect on your award.

If you are receiving assistance from family members, your grant will likely be lower than someone who is personally paying for school. Generally, the Pell Grant is only available for students who are currently pursuing an undergraduate degree. Pell Grants are available for postgraduate education, but on a very limited basis and with several restrictions. While you are not required to maintain an excellent GPA, you will have to have the minimum in order to qualify for financial aid.

At most institutions, the minimum is a 2. Maintaining this GPA is generally enough to show that you are making satisfactory academic progress. If you are having trouble meeting this requirement, talk to the Financial Aid Department at your school. They will usually provide assistance that can help you to bring your grades up to meet the standards. You will also have to show documentation of your legal eligibility for the Pell Grant.

In order to qualify for federal financial aid, you must be a United States citizen, a legal immigrant with a U. If you currently meet the requirements to receive a Pell Grant, how do you apply for one? Since the Pell Grant is provided by the federal government, you will already have applied for one as soon as you complete your FAFSA form.

There are no additional forms for you to fill out. If you are currently being claimed by your parents on a tax return, it may be helpful to complete this form along with them so that you will have access to all of the information you will need.

Your parents will also have to sign the form along with you. The school will then process it and send it in for review. Once your form is reviewed, you will be informed of your eligibility and how much your award will be. This notice will be mailed out before the funds are made available to you. This grant is extended to students who demonstrate exceptional financial need and to those who are expecting little or no assistance from their families.

It will be automatically offered to you if you meet the income eligibility requirements. Im interesting in applying for your pell grant. Do I need an application? I am interested in your pell grants. Would like more information on how to enroll. Or, can I go online? Im needing help with my college funds. Ive already had to pay hundreds out of my own pocket. Im so hopeless it seems like theirs no way to get help.

Everyone told me their are plenty of places to help me get through college. Ive loooked for hours trying to apply for things and still nothing. I want to become a Teacher so bad. Something we are in desperate need of, but I havent got any hellp. Is their anyway for me to get help? Can you Help Me? For a first time college student, will i be eligible? They require min gpa ect.

And other factors that seem to exclude me until i have actually attended. Will i face problems not having attending for the first time. What are they, how do i over come them? I am a first time college student and I have applied for FAFSA but I am currently interested in receiving pell grants and as well as applying for them. Your help is very much needed. Thanks for your information. I am a Nigerian with B. I need to apply for pell grants and i am not sure if I am eligible on either the financial or acedemic requirements.

How do I know befor I turn in the application if I meet the requirements and I am attending school enough to even qualify. I am a low income working student who is in need of the Pell Grant. Will be very Thankful if you could send me a link of application through email if possibly or in the mail. Thank you so much! I have been trying to figure out how to apply for any type of grant including the pell grant. I start school in feb. I need help with some things b4 I start. Where can I go to get some money b4 school..

Can u email me at thaessley hotmail. I would be glad if can assist me in my undergraduate education. I am handicapped radial club arm three fingers and cannot seem to get any help. Trying to keep on going to art school. I would like some information on how to obtain a pell grant application.

And any schools in Maricopa, Az. Thanks — renejenalex yahoo. I was wanting information on the best way to get your tuition paid for with a low income. Any info on this would be greatly appreciated. I really, really want to go back to school. Nothing would make me more happier, I love school, I love to learn. Im a single mother with three boys, I been out of school for eight years now time to make a change for a higher education. How can I go about getting this pell grant.

Can you email me at kateea22 yahoo. I need assistance in pursuing music production and business. Im also waiting for a kidney transplant and going to school keeps my mind of needinng transplant.

So, the school requested the parent-plus loan for my mother to apply for but she wont. She is not interested in me going to school at least at her expense. Help if you can please help.

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With military aid exact numbers are harder to find, but much of the aid money goes to U. This raises the question whether Congressmen favor the aid more to support contracts in their district or as a way of supporting military allies -- or, in the case of Egypt and Israel, as a reward for signing the Oslo Peace accords, which triggered the U. Also, people working in the U. S often send sizable checks to assist their families living in poorer nations. And, finally, not all foreign aid gets budgeted as foreign aid.

As I write this, U. In , President Richard Nixon signed legislation that created the Title X family planning program and noted that, "this landmark legislation on family planning and population has had strong bipartisan support.

On the other hand House Republicans recently tried to strip birth control coverage from the Affordable Care Act, otherwise known as "Obamacare. It violates their religious rights. It's led women to be promiscuous and men to be gay. It's even contributing to the terrible dearth of babies some writers see lurking just around the corner, even though we are expected to grow to 9. Family planning is one of the most cost-effective investments the United States can make in developing countries.

If we are able to meet the Millennium Development Goals, - including eradicating extreme poverty and hunger - there will be less need for foreign aid spending. Thailand and the Philippines had two similar economies in the s. But Thailand began a national program to provide its citizens with voluntary access to contraception, while the Philippines passed a law to finally do that late last year, now on hold by the nation's very conservative Supreme Court.

By , Thailand had Birth Control Stabilizes Nations. Very young populations - characteristic of nations with high birthrates - can be very unstable because the competition for jobs among young people is fierce, and unemployment is epidemic. When you're hungry and desperate, turning to crime - or even terrorism - might feel like your only option. Birth Control Reduces Human Suffering.

By allowing women to time and space their pregnancies, family planning could prevent up to one in three maternal deaths in the developing world. And spacing pregnancies adequately also reduces infant mortality and improves the health of children. And access to family planning also prevents abortions. More than half of all abortions in the developing world are unsafe, which killed around 47, women in An estimated million women around the world who want to delay or end childbearing don't have access to contraception.

This number will grow as today's young people. We're spending 30 percent less in inflation-adjusted dollars on international family planning now than we did in When a single investment can save money, boost economies, stabilize nations and reduce human suffering, thoughtful people of all political persuasions should give it a second look.

On July 19, the House State-Foreign Operations Appropriations Subcommittee approved a slight funding increase for global health programs. The cutback was approved as part of a larger appropriation measure funding the U. State Department and U. The House bill also prohibited any U. The Subcommittee's action is the first step in the annual appropriations process for the fiscal year. The final appropriation bill must be approved by both houses.

This Reagan-era rule forbade U. All Democrats and three Republicans on the committee supported Shaheen's amendment. Was international reproductive health and family planning part of the government shutdown? I can find no news on this item since July. Click on the link in the headline to read the report. Anna has five children, and wants to plan her family, but her mother-in-law, said she didn't have enough children.

Emphasis on family planning, and women's sexual and reproductive health, is completely a multiplier investment for nations. We write to urge your support for international family planning and reproductive health programs in the FY State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs Appropriations bill. This level of funding would meet the U. In addition, any increased investments in international family planning and reproductive health will help rectify the disproportionate cuts this program has faced in the last several years in addition to the impact of sequestration.

Based on an analysis of the powerful impact of U. Our nation's investment in international family planning has had a significant sustained impact. These investments are also highly cost-effective. Agency for International Development USAID has found that in Zambia, for example, one dollar invested in family planning saves four dollars in other development areas. Despite this investment, every year , women die from largely preventable complications related to pregnancy and childbirth. For the health of women around the world, we firmly support international family planning programs and urge you to provide this level of funding in the FY Appropriations Bill.

Signed by 96 members of Congress. Our aid to international family planning programs is facing devastating cuts due to the sequester. Instead of this kind of mindless slashing of funds, we need to increase our investment in family planning programs overseas.

It will bring huge returns in terms of improved global health, expanded economic empowerment of women, increased educational opportunities for girls, protection of resources and greater political stability.

Please act quickly to stop the disastrous cuts the sequester will bring. Since , PAI has taken eight Members of Congress and over 70 staff members to Africa, Asia, and South America, showing Members of Congress and their staff, donors, and advocates the need for and value of international family planning and reproductive health programs. This trip also expands upon a more recent PAI initiative to galvanize new voices in target U.

Congressional districts to support the U. Peru has extremely high rates of teen pregnancy and recently the Peruvian courts declared unconstitutional a law which made sex illegal for people under eighteen. This law had made it illegal for a teen to purchase or receive information about condoms or contraceptives. Also Peru's has "graduated" from USAID's family planning program now that its economy has improved and it is now a middle income country and its government can provide access to contraceptives and reproductive health care.

With a long history of underfunding and repeated attempts in the last U. Congress to cut funding for international family planning programs, USAID is left to make tough decisions on where to invest its inadequate resources. Many worry that politics and a lack of solid health infrastructure will cause setbacks in the gains made with USAID'S support. Inequalities still exist between rural and urban, poor and rich, and educated and uneducated women. PAI believes that "seeing is believing" and are excited to continue to work with all of our trip participants and partners to advance the funding and policy needed to expand access to family planning and reproductive health services worldwide.

The Senate Appropriations Committee has passed a bipartisan International Affairs Budget, nearly unanimously, that provides critical funding for foreign assistance in key areas. By contrast, the House is considering a spending plan that calls for significantly less funding for the International Affairs Budget, particularly for poverty-focused programs.

InterAction and our members are urging Members of Congress to support the Senate funding levels in all budget negotiations. The difference in spending will quite literally mean the difference between lives saved or lives lost. Contact your elected officials and tell others to do the same. For super storms like Sandy, giant floodgates might be part of a long-term solution, but we need to find others that address the looming consequences of climate change, and recognize that family planning is part of the mix.

Since , world population has grown sevenfold, while per capita CO2 emissions have increased times. This multiplies out to about 1, times as much emissions.

And that doesn't even take into account the fact that emissions will rise dramatically if and when billions of people are able to escape from poverty. All of these luxuries will increase per capita emissions. We must cut our own emissions even as emissions of the poorest people increase to a level that yields a decent quality of life.

To insure that the reduction of emissions in the developed countries is not cancelled by increases from the developing world, we must slow the growth rate of our human family. Over million women in developing nations do not want another child right away or not at all, yet they are unable to prevent pregnancy because of a host of obstacles, such as lack of information about modern contraception and cost, or misinformation about side effects of birth control methods, including the false notion that they lead to sterility.

In many societies, women - especially young brides - have no power over their own lives because their husbands, clerics or mothers-in-law make their decisions for them. Women who do not procreate may suffer violent consequences.

If each American were to invest one additional dollar per year in awareness-raising and education campaigns, we could help break down these barriers in partnership with other nations.

This would amount to one billion dollars per year. One third of the growth of Asian "tiger" economies is attributed to a demographic shift in which the number of income-generating adults was higher than those who depended on them for support. This shift was a consequence of family planning and brought increased productivity, leading to economic development in the region.

On the other hand, the costs of ignoring the right to family planning include poverty, exclusion, poor health and gender inequality. By enabling individuals to choose the number and spacing of their children, family planning has allowed women, and their children, to live healthier, longer lives.

If an additional million obtained access to family planning, the report estimates 3 million fewer babies would die in their first year of life. Babatunde Osotimehin said "Not only does the ability for a couple to choose when and how many children to have help lift nations out of poverty, but it is also one of the most effective means of empowering women.

Women who use contraception are generally healthier, better educated, more empowered in their households and communities and more economically productive. Women's increased labour-force participation boosts nations' economies. The report says that governments and communities have the responsibility to protect the right to family planning for women across the spectrum, including those who are young or unmarried.

While financial resources for family planning have declined, contraceptive prevalence has increased globally by only 0. As we approach the target date for achieving the Millennium Development Goals, I call on all leaders to build on this momentum, close the funding gap, and make voluntary family planning a development priority. Instead of reflecting the best public health practices of the day, it reflects the worst politics of the day.

Standing on the side of science, good public health, and women is the right thing to do. This is true whether she is HIV-positive or not. World Health Organization WHO guidelines identify contraception as one of four essential components of programs that prevent mother-to-child transmission PMTCT , known as "prong 2" -preventing unintended pregnancies among HIV-positive women.

It also reinforces the centrality of "prong 2" and sets the ambitious goal of reducing unmet need for family planning to zero by When President Ronald Reagan introduced the policy in , it was known as the Mexico City Policy - which says the United States can provide no assistance to foreign non-governmental organizations that even discuss abortion or provide referrals for their clients. Ever since it has negatively affected women every time it's reinstated. President Barack Obama overturned it again in one of his first presidential actions.

When the Global Gag Rule is in effect, organizations that receive foreign aid from the United States are forced to choose: They can accept funding but censor the programs they've developed to serve their populations. Or they can refuse to comply and lose funding, at the risk of going bankrupt and being forced to shutter their doors. Under President George W. In Kenya alone, three clinics were forced to close, leaving 56, clients out in the cold. In either case, it's the world's most vulnerable women who suffer.

For some women overseas it's a matter of life and death. Meanwhile, 20 developing nations saw shipments of U. Family planning protects natural resources, reduces maternal and child mortality and allows women to pursue education and careers. Under the Global Gag Rule, organizations are not even allowed to discuss the dangers of unsafe abortion with their clients.

While the Global Gag Rule has been called "pro-life," it's anything but, leading to more unintended pregnancies, more unplanned births, higher maternal mortality, worse outcomes for infants and children and more deaths due to unsafe abortion and inadequate resources. Suzanne York of HowMany. Not only will Americans lose access to free contraceptives under Obamacare's mandate to provide birth control without a co-pay.

Many women and their families in developing countries will suffer. Romney doesn't care that million women in developing countries want access to family planning services but do not have that access, and doesn't understand that helping them is both critical to helping them More than 20 developing countries made commitments to increase spending on family planning.

UNFPA's programs include health care for women refugees, where one in five women are likely to be pregnant. Female refugees are often exposed to trauma, malnutrition, disease and violence. They desperately need maternal health services and proper clinics for childbirth.

Another program educates married men on reproductive health in order to improve access to maternal and newborn health services. Well-respected men in the community are brought together to discuss concerns centered on reproductive health.

Romney as president would likely cut U. While presidential hopeful Mitt Romney has said he opposes abortion, except in instances of rape, incest and when the mother's life is threatened, he recently said no abortion legislation is part of his agenda, but by executive order, not by legislation, he would reinstate the so-called Mexico City policy aka Global Gag rule that bans U.

In the Reagan administration officials - under pressure from its antiabortion and increasingly overt anti-family planning constituency - prepared a position paper for the U. The position went far beyond the Helms amendment, which had passed in - in the wake of the U.

Supreme Court's decision in Roe v. Wade - to ban the use of U. An example of the effect this policy has had on women is Josephine, who at 29, was raped during the Congo's conflicts, became pregnant.

She wanted an abortion, but didn't know where to get one, despite the many health services NGOs that operated in and around Congo, and had to carry her baby to term and raise him. I am hungry; I have no clothes and no soap. I don't have any money to pay for medical care. It would be better if I died with the baby in my womb," she told Amnesty International. Thousands of girls and women raped and impregnated in armed conflict are routinely denied abortions with devastating consequences. President Barack Obama dropped the Mexico City policy on his tenth day in office.

World Contraception Day is tomorrow, 26th September and on this occasion UK Parliamentarians call attention to the million women who lack access to basic family planning services in the developing world.

The unmet need for contraception in the developing world is increasing due to population growth. Baroness Jenny Tonge said: It will reduce unintended pregnancies, help women and couples attain their desired family size and prevent many deaths and disabilities related to pregnancy. Millennium Development Goal 5, to improve maternal health, remains the hardest to reach. Investing in contraception benefits women, families and society, ranging from increased education for women and better child health to greater family savings, lower rates of population growth and stronger national economies.

Baroness Tonge chairs a cross-party group of parliamentarians who have been lobbying for equal access to sexual and reproductive healthcare in the developing world for over 20 years.

She added that, "allowing people in developing countries to choose when, where and how to have children is a fundamental right. It is crucial to the health and economic development of the world's poorer nations and underpins women's empowerment across the globe. Costs and Benefits of Contraceptive Services, Estimates for ". About half of this increase was due to population growth. For example, in Tanzania in , billboards depicted a "Faithful Condom User" as a skeleton in a blatant attempt to discourage condom use as an effective HIV prevention method.

HLI is staunchly opposed to contraception, abortion, stem cell research, in vitro fertilization, sex education, and homosexuality. Christian Right group peddling corrosive reproductive politics in Africa is Family Watch International, a small Arizona-based group, which condemns the United Nations' efforts to support family planning services and reproductive health options for women.

One of the groups claims is that vaccine distribution is really a secret sterilization program designed to destroy the African family. Abortion is already illegal in most African countries, bans first passed decades ago under colonial governments, and even where there are some exceptions the complications of the law often drive women to obtain illegal and dangerous procedures, such as "drinking surf washing powder , using wires, and poisonous herbs. However, when it comes to enforcement, both police and individuals seem to shy away from invading the "personal" decisions of women who seek abortions, even when they disapprove of the procedure.

Population Action International believes the U. Those who object to funding international family planning must think it is much better to let them breed poverty, misery and terrorism and then kill them with drones apparently. It is unconscionable that the majority insists on including these provisions, which run counter to our shared goals of saving mothers' and children's lives, and reducing unwanted pregnancies and abortions.

The Guttmacher Institute determined that a cut to overseas family planning of this magnitude will result in 7. During markup, the committee rejected on largely party-line votes three pro-family planning and reproductive health amendments that were offered by Democratic family planning champions in an attempt to rectify the bill's most blatant attacks.

Her amendment was rejected on a vote of 23 to The Senate Appropriations Committee's version of a FY State Department-Foreign Operations bill is widely expected to be the complete opposite of the House legislation, with a robust family planning funding level, a permanent legislative repeal of the Global Gag Rule, and a U. These diametrically-opposed bills from the House and Senate will set the stage for the high-stakes negotiations on a final bill, not anticipated to occur until after the November election during a "lame duck" session of Congress.

This will help recover some of the millions of dollars cut by congressional contraceptive critics over the last two years as part of the globalization of their war on women.

The funding restoration is especially significant in light of the difficult economic and budgetary climate and the fact that other bilateral health sectors are slated for cuts below current enacted levels. Imams in Senegal have become champions of birth control, calling it "Family spacing.

We want healthy societies," they say. In contrast, two weeks ago Barack Obama met with Roman Catholic leaders to discuss the feasibility of including religious and moral exemptions to birth control coverage in a new healthcare bill. Dozens of health and finance ministers from across the African continent gathered to extol the virtues of family planning and strategise better ways of delivering it to those in need. But in the US the Secretary of Health and Human services overruled the Food and Drug Administration's recommendation that emergency contraception be available to individuals under the age of 17 without a prescription.

Other countries get it: When people can choose whether or when to become pregnant, women are healthier, and their babies and children more likely to be fed, educated and healthy; the workforce is more robust; the government spends less on healthcare, studies show. And yet million women around the world want, but lack, access to birth control. Other plans to undermine reproductive health included gutting family planning programs in the US and reinstating the "global gag rule" to punish developing countries for addressing unsafe abortion.

This year, we must do better. Women in sub-Saharan Africa and south-east Asia, where the vast majority of maternal deaths and unmet need for birth control lies, are struggling with the burdens of preventing or spacing pregnancies, dodging HIV risks, chronic lack of health services taboos around sexuality. Obama's Global Health Initiative launched in , gave a modest bump to US global family planning program, but more is needed.

By not prioritising birth control access within US borders or worldwide, the US is sending a message that contraceptive access is not important. Nothing could be farther from the truth. More and more developing country leaders are committed to improving women's lives, and access to birth control is the first stop. Progress is imminent, especially in Africa.

Robert Walker, the President of the Population Institute, said, "There is still a large unmet need for family planning in the world. With the largest generation ever of young people entering their prime reproductive years, the U. While acknowledging the tight budget constraints facing Congress, Walker said, "Lawmakers need to recognize that family planning is an exceptionally cost-effective program.

Investments in family planning and reproductive health do more than pay for themselves. Measured in terms of improved health, reduced mortality, gender equality, educational attainment, and poverty reduction, family planning is one of the best investments we can make.

Joy Phumaphi, the Bank's vice president for human development, said that greater financial resources are necessary to help women in developing countries avoid raising families that are larger than they can manage.

Between and , U. Greater levels of assistance were needed, advocates claimed, in order to meet the United Nations' Millennium Development Goals, targets for reducing poverty, expanding healthcare, and protecting the environment.

Among the targets is universal access to reproductive health by Based on health surveys, at least million married women who do not currently use contraception would do so to prevent or delay pregnancy if they had access to trusted forms of contraception and counseling on how to use it.

Avoiding unintended pregnancies helps reduce population growth rates that are unsustainable, the UN notes. With more people, consumption levels rise, greenhouse gas emissions increase, and already-depleted resources are further stressed.

The world is projected to be home to 9. Despite the significant funding for AIDS-related programs, the number of infections worldwide continues to rise. The UN estimates that by nearly 3 million people in low- and middle-income countries received antiretroviral treatments to limit HIV infections.

The Center for Global Development estimates that U. Obama pledged during his campaign to double total U. Women are the focus of attention.

It's talking about sex. Seems like we should be talking about [reproductive health and AIDS] together," said Levine, who formerly worked as a World Bank health economist. UN Secretary-General Ban ki-Moon said that the economic crisis may lead to greater numbers of women dropping out of school or losing a job, but that funding population and family planning programs may avoid unintended and unsafe pregnancies.

As early as today the Senate will be debating a "minibus" appropriations bill. It contains funding for the State Department and various foreign assistance programs, including international family planning and reproductive health. The Senate Appropriations Committee version was a victory for women. Unfortunately, next week a number of amendments are expected that would most likely reduce the amount of money for international family planning and reproductive health, eliminate funding for the United Nations Population Fund, and block the language that would permanently repeal the global gag rule.

To help, call , tell the operator what state you are from, and ask to be connected to one or both of your U. Tell your Senators that you support full funding for international family planning and a permanent repeal of the "global gag rule. Pollyanna thinking tells us that population issues are not in need of attention, that asking our planet to support 1.

After all, despite the fact that we went from 1. However, leaders listen to the pollyannas and consequently funding for family planning information and services has been reduced significantly since the Cairo conference on population. Beyond morally failing the women of the world, this has caused unplanned and unwanted childbearing and a terrible toll on health. Funding for family planning information and services needs to increase dramatically.

Entertainment-education programs, like radio and televisions soap operas, are particularly powerful in modeling daughter education, child spacing, and family planning use to mass audiences. Not because they were forced to, but because they wanted to. Unfounded fears of side effects, male opposition, religious intolerance, and traditions of large family size are the main reasons for non-use of contraception. Many of the global problems that confront us have a solution.

It's called family planning, but it is starved of resources due to America's religious wars, which are partly responsible for the world's population to reach seven billion so soon after reaching 6 billion 12 years ago. It took humans hundreds of thousands of years to reach the first billion, in It took another years to reach two billion, in Since then, we've been passing these milestones like billboards along a highway.

In , the United Nations' best projection was that the world wouldn't pass seven billion until , but we reached it two years early. Youth bulges in rapidly growing countries like Afghanistan and Yemen makes them more prone to conflict and terrorism. Booming populations also contribute to global poverty and make it impossible to protect virgin forests or fend off climate change.

Women in India average 2. Mexico's average is 2. There are women in rural Africa who have never heard of birth control. The Guttmacher Institute, a respected research group, estimate that million women want to avoid getting pregnant but have no access to contraception. It's not just contraception that's needed, but girls' education and women's rights - starting with an end to child marriages.

Educated women tend to have fewer children. The Population Institute came out with a report that said gender inequality has replaced lack of access to contraceptives as the biggest barrier to reducing birth rates. We also need to find better contraceptives.

A new breakthrough is an inexpensive vaginal ring that releases hormones, lasts a year and should not require a doctor. It could even contain medication to reduce the risk of an infection with the AIDS virus. Republican presidents like Richard Nixon and George H. Bush provided strong support for birth control, even though the Roman Catholic hierarchy was opposed, but then family planning became tarnished by overzealous and coercive programs in China and India, and contraception became entangled in America's abortion wars.

Many well-meaning religious conservatives turned against it, and funding lagged. The result was, paradoxically, more abortions.

When contraception is unavailable, the likely consequence is not less sex, but more pregnancy. Republicans want to cut more money from international family planning, resulting in more abortions and more women dying in childbirth. The Guttmacher Institute estimates that in a year these domestic programs avert , unintended pregnancies, of which , would end in abortions.

The good news is that a group of evangelical Christians, led by Richard Cizik of The New Evangelical Partnership for the Common Good, is drafting a broad statement of support for family planning. It emphasizes that family planning reduces abortion and lives lost in childbirth. As we greet the seven-billionth human, let's try to delay the arrival of the eight billionth. We should all be able to agree on voluntary family planning as a cost-effective strategy to reduce poverty, conflict and environmental damage.

If you think family planning is expensive, you haven't priced babies. How's this for an idea? In an open letter to President Obama, the group urged him to reaffirm U.

Global reproductive rights activists are asking world leaders attending the United Nations in New York this week to deliver on promises made 17 years ago at the UN International Conference on Population and Development in Cairo, when they agreed to make contraceptive services available for women all over the world by World population will soon hit 7 billion, and more than million women in the poorest nations of Africa and Asia are in need of the family planning services they would gladly use to delay or space their children, if modern contraceptives were available.

Mary Robinson fought her first political battle in the s as a member of the Irish Senate, pushing for legislation to legalize family planning. Then not even married women could use the contraceptive pill, unless they had cycle regulation problems -- and many married women lied to their doctors saying they had such problems.

While Robinson thought it would be easy to draft a law legalizing contraception, it was a difficult battle, but contraception was finally legalized for married women by the Supreme Court in Every year, more than , women die in the developing regions of the world from pregnancy-related causes.

The failure to support the health needs of developing countries is now a global problem, one with long-term implications for the economic, environmental and political health of the entire world. Women who have access to family planning have fewer children, and the ones they do have are healthier and better educated. Investments in reproductive health are reflected in lower carbon emissions and a reduced likelihood of civil unrest, as smaller families help lift communities out of poverty and reduce pressure on food security, scientists report.

In some countries, including the United States, reproductive health has become a hot-button political issue domestically, and it is often incorrectly associated with support for abortion. Although traditionally family planning services have been funded by donor countries, now the largest increases in money for these services come from developing nations, which have learned that this investment is cost-effective and can provide an immediate dividend in economic development and peace and stability.

We are fighting for the rights of millions of women who have no doctors and no tools with which to prevent unwanted pregnancies -- as many as 75 million of them every year. In those countries, it's a matter of life and death. As we look down the road to sharing the world with 10 billion people -- projected to happen in -- it may someday be a matter of life and death for all of us. Five countries will receive new funding from Canada for International Planned Parenthood Federation for maternal and child health projects: Planned Parenthood provides abortion services, counselling and training for health providers through local organizations in developing countries, but tailored its request to provide services only in countries where abortion is already illegal, to conform to the Harper government's "no abortion overseas" criteria.

The deep cuts were a result of fears of a new fiscal crisis sparked by a possible U. Eight billion dollars for non-military aid to Iraq and Afghanistan were relatively untouched. The cuts also included U. Framework Convention on Climate Change. The operating budgets for the State Department and the U. Worthington, president of InterAction, a coalition of nearly U.

The subcommittee's bill also imposed stringent conditions on future aid to Egypt, Lebanon, Yemen, Pakistan, and the Palestine Authority PA and further provided that the Palestine Liberation Organization PLO , which represents the PA in foreign capitals, would be forced to shut down its office here if it pursued its efforts at the U.

The subcommittee's bill will almost certainly face substantial opposition in the Democratic-led Senate and eventually by a veto-wielding Obama later this year.

Nothing would make me more happier, I love school, I love to learn. Im a single mother with three boys, I been out of school for eight years now time to make a change for a higher education. How can I go about getting this pell grant. Can you email me at kateea22 yahoo. I need assistance in pursuing music production and business.

Im also waiting for a kidney transplant and going to school keeps my mind of needinng transplant. So, the school requested the parent-plus loan for my mother to apply for but she wont. She is not interested in me going to school at least at her expense. Help if you can please help. I need grants or even somewhere i can get accepted for a loan. I would like assistance with going back to school for Human Services and Education. If ther is anything available please let eme know.

Can it be mailed to me or emailed? Does someone here reply to these postings? I am very interested in getting more information about the Pell Grant. Please contact me at the email address provided and I would be more than happy to do whatever it takes to continue my education. I recently had to drop out of community college due to insufficient funds.

And they said the deadline was tomorrow August the 6th?!?!?! SO now what do I do?!?!?!? Been trying all week to get it done. I am a returning student who needs help for school. Can anyone help me I need it very soon. The school say that I owe 6 hundred dollars in order to continue my education, can i get another pell grant to pay this off to continue my education?

I have an appointment at Pima Medical Institute in September to possibly sign up for classes. It would be greatly appreciated if you would consider me for a pell grant.

I would like to apply for a pell grant. I have filled out fafsas in the past. At that time I was living at home with my parents and they supported me.

Now I am on my own, a full time college student, and my only job has been a little substitute teaching. Will I qualify…and if so….

You go to http: It is completely free and if you go to another site to fill it out, they could charge you… so just go to the federal website at http: You will need to enter your income tax to determine how much of the grant you can get. It may take some time, but its worth it. Also if you are 24 or younger, you will need to include your parent s income setting, which will have an affect on your pell grant as well. In the end you may not get the full pell, but you can still get a partial pell grant.

I receive social security dissability. My kids do also. My daughter will be a senior next year. Is there any help she can get since she is my dependant on social security? My husband makes to much for a grant but we do not make enough to pay for her school. She would like to go into drug rehab councelling. Any information as to were I could go to help her would be greatly appreciated. Thanks for your help Amy Cook. I am schooling at Ahmadu Bello University studying veterinary medicine in Nigeria.

But i want to transfer to a usa vert school due to my financial problem. Please how can i get pell grant to start the application? Still great full for financial aid can you please help me out. I have been trying to get in the nursing program for years. This year I finally get accepted and I do not have the money to pay for it. Im working per diem at a hospital.

I would be grateful if I am chosen as one of the candidates that get help. Hello, I am inquiring on getting a grant to go back to school. How can you help? The program helps high school students get a head start in the medical field, and even get their nursing assistant certification. This would help me to earn more money, as well as help with improving on my teaching abilities and help my students. Thank you for any help you may give, Cathy Thomas,RN.

Tech will start in Sept. I am seeking a grant to help me finish my last semester of college so that I can graduate December 11, and would like more information on how to get Pell Grant. Pretty sure this is an informational sight intended for you to read. They gave everyone information on the Pell Grant above, along with instructions on where to go and how to apply.

We all grow up. We all move on. Scott was going to move on. Jean was dead get on with your life. And it was close to a happy ending. They lived happily ever after, and it was to create the impression that maybe if you came back in ten years, other X-Men would have grown up and out, too. Would Kitty stay with the team forever? Would any of them? Because that way we could evolve them into new directions, we could bring in new characters.

There would be an ongoing sense of renewal, and growth and change in a positive sense. Then, unfortunately, Jean was resurrected, Scott dumps his wife and kid and goes back to the old girlfriend. So it not only destroys Scott's character as a hero and as a decent human being it creates an untenable structural situation: So ultimately the resolution was: Madelyne Pryor was brought back in as a supporting character in X-Man , a marginal X-Men related title.

In , exactly 25 years since the character's debut in Uncanny X-Men , Madelyne Pryor was brought back in the flagship X-Men title for the first time since Madelyne Pryor was a cargo pilot in Anchorage, Alaska working for Scott Summers' grandparents when she and Scott meet during a Summers family reunion.

Scott, still recovering from Jean's death, becomes obsessed with the idea that Madelyne is her reincarnation, eventually confronting her with his suspicions. Madelyne, furious and hurt, punches Scott and runs from him. To defeat him, Storm summons a violent storm which nearly kills Madelyne, but Scott resuscitates her. After the conflict, Scott comes to terms with the fact that Jean Grey is dead and that Madelyne is not her, and that he loves her all the same.

The two are married, and Scott retires from active duty with the X-Men. Giving up the life of an adventurer proves harder for Scott than imagined. Early in Madelyne and Scott's marriage, they along with Alpha Flight and the rest of the X-Men are taken to an abandoned city by the Asgardian trickster-god Loki. Entirely for his own purposes, Loki endows mystical powers on a small group of non-powered humans, including Madelyne, transforming her into a healer of virtually any injury, illness, psychological issue, or physical defect.

She adopts the name "Anodyne" and cures Scott's childhood head injury, enabling him to control his optic blasts without the use of ruby-quartz lenses. When it is discovered that Loki's gifts are extremely flawed, and fatal to some, everyone assembled reject the gift.

Madelyne and the other beneficiaries are reverted to their original states, as are all those who had been healed by Madelyne. During this adventure Madelyne reveals that she is pregnant. This in effect forces Scott to accept his new role as a husband and father. Although Scott tries to live a normal family life in Alaska, he often thinks of Jean Grey, and of his life with the X-Men.

Maddie tries her best to make Scott happy, but her efforts seem wasted. Finally Scott receives a call from his former teammate Angel that Jean Grey has been found alive. Without explaining himself, Scott abandons Madelyne and their son to reunite with his lost love, and forms X-Factor with his old friends from the original X-Men. Alone and threatened, Madelyne calls the X-Men for help; they arrive and fight off another attack by the Marauders. Madelyne's brother-in-law, Alex Summers Havok , talks her out of it, and the two of them grow closer.

A reporter video-interviews them before their death, and Maddie uses this to deliver a message to Scott, pleading that he find their child. Madelyne serves as the team's technical support. Monitoring news transmissions, Madelyne learns that Jean Grey is alive and with Scott.

She punches the computer monitor's screen, breaking it and causing electrical feedback that renders her unconscious. Madelyne keeps the existence of the original X-Men as X-Factor secret from the others, filtering in only information and news showing X-Factor as an anti-mutant group. Later abducted by the Genoshans and taken to their island-nation, [28] Madelyne is subjected to psychic torture intended to transform her into a docile slave of the state.

Madelyne instinctively lashes out with her developing abilities, which cause the deaths of her torturers. During this time, she and Alex become lovers. To keep his end of their bargain, N'astirh takes Madelyne to the orphanage in Nebraska where Scott grew up, actually a front for Mr.

Sinister 's genetic laboratory. Sinister appears and tells Madelyne about her origins. However, the clone failed to develop any mutant powers. When Phoenix took her own life, a part of the Phoenix Force entered and awakened the clone, giving her sentience. Sinister then conceived a plan to use the clone to facilitate selective breeding between her and Scott. Sinister named her "Madelyne Pryor", and created a false background, implanted memories, and a personality designed to attract Summers.

He then planted her with Scott's grandparents' company, thus ensuring the two would eventually meet. Broken in spirit to insanity by the revelations, [35] although Madelyne then regains her son, she now willingly aids N'astirh in his demonic invasion of Earth. X-Factor and the other X-Men work together to defeat N'astirh.

Cyclops rescues his son, but Madelyne commits suicide in an attempt to telepathically take Jean with her. The Phoenix Force appears to Jean and offers to save her, but in order to survive Jean has to integrate the essence of both the Phoenix and Madelyne, gaining their memories and personalities. Sinister attempts to entrap all of the X-Men and X-Factor in Madelyne's dying mind, but forced to choose between having revenge either on the X-Men or Mr.

Sinister, Madelyne ejects Mr. Sinister from her mind. With her personality influencing Jean's, she then prompts the X-Men and X-Factor to attempt lethal retribution against him.

Jean, having inherited Madelyne's maternal feelings for Nathan Christopher, becomes his proxy mother. They would raise Nathan Christopher until Apocalypse , seeing the potential threat in the child, infected him with a techno-organic virus. Dying, the child was taken 2, years into the future by Askani to be saved. Madelyne mysteriously reappears years later as an amnesiac to Nate Grey X-Man — the "genetic offspring" of Scott Summers and Jean Grey from the alternate reality known as the Age of Apocalypse — when he comes to Earth It is revealed that Madelyne is a " psionic construct" inadvertently resurrected by Nate Grey's psionic powers.

Madelyne "Maddie" Jennifer Pryor-Summers is a fictional supervillainess appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics, primarily featured off-and-on as an antagonist of the exposition-universelle-paris-1900.comally the love interest and first wife of X-Men leader Cyclops (Scott Summers), she became a long-standing member of the X-Men supporting cast, until a series of traumas—being abandoned by her. We visit with Greg Ibach, USDA undersecretary for marketing and regulatory affairs on the announcement for animal disease traceability. Nigel Gopie spoke at the Feeding Quality Forum, and he tells us what exactly Blockchain is and how producers can use it. Enabling women to control the number and spacing of their children is essential to reducing maternal deaths and human misery. Over million women, mostly in the least developed countries, want to use modern family planning methods but can't access them, facing cultural barriers or family resistance, or not having access to contraceptives, or there is a lack of information or trained workers.