Chatroulette old version at sfgh yesterday afternoon Chatroulette old version at sfgh yesterday afternoon Register Login Contact Us

Horny Chesapeake guy here looking for horny girl


Horny Chesapeake guy here looking for horny girl

Online: Now

About

You don't haveto be a beauty queen or even close, but you should be intelligent.

Kellie
Age:40
Relationship Status:Never Married
Seeking:Want Sex Meet
City:Sandusky
Hair:Ultra long
Relation Type:Grannies Seeking Race Relations

Horny Chesapeake guy here looking for horny girl

Uniondale IN Cheating Wives

(And I do realize posting this is a ridiculous ong shot. Girl with cute pixie style haircut Horny Chesapeake guy here looking for horny girl You were sitting next chair over getting a pixie style haircut.

Any Horny Women. I am also not seeking a quickie, booty, or a FWB situation.

Angyl Stephen Pederson, Tremyus Grand Reopening The Castaway Hotel: Carl Webster Cumfusion, Karl Webster. He Is the Best! Charles Hughes Mike Angelo. Gary Pinto Max the Cat. The Massage The Yard Boy. Jamie Anderson Of Blessed Memory. Tyler Time Unexpected Pleasures: Joe Camp Of Blessed Memory.

Colin's Birthday Cow Boys? Timmy's Extra Credit Second Thoughts: Annual Physicals Special Secrets: Billy and Kevin Special Secrets: Chester the Molester Special Secrets: Extra Credit Special Secrets: Gay Tigers Special Secrets: Motorcycle Commando Special Secrets: Timmy's Penis Special Secrets: Troop Spring Training St.

Return of the Kovz King Book 2: Kewtieboy Justin Woodward, R. Lee Mariner The Mariner. Little Dan Of Blessed Memory. Mad Max Boys in the Hood. His First Weekend in L. The Weeks After Shay's Seduction. Michael Hines Of Blessed Memory.

Miguel Sanchez Of Blessed Memory. Mike Yonge Mikel Yonge. Nexis Pas Of Blessed Memory. Nick Alias Pizza Boy. Enslaved Falsely Enslaved Fighter! Mike Trailer Trash Trailer Trash: Rob Loveboy Of Blessed Memory. Ronald Jr Fortaleza Ronnie, Keith. Van T Zboi Robbie Robot. Young Muscular Eddie and His Teacher. Xavier Lancaster Xavier L. Please see Xavier's complete prolific author listing.

Meet Singles & Swingers WHY DO MEN WANT A MANLY WOMAN.

Extra Credit Special Secrets: Gay Tigers Special Secrets: Motorcycle Commando Special Secrets: Timmy's Penis Special Secrets: Troop Spring Training St. Return of the Kovz King Book 2: Kewtieboy Justin Woodward, R. Lee Mariner The Mariner. Little Dan Of Blessed Memory.

Mad Max Boys in the Hood. His First Weekend in L. The Weeks After Shay's Seduction. Michael Hines Of Blessed Memory. So you'd have to launch into space , people every day just to break even. If you wanted to reduce global population, you'd have to launch more than that. It is a lot easier to use contraception. The other thing to note is that as nations become industrialized, their population growth tends to level off , or even decline.

This removes population pressure as a colonization motive. Some planets might be miserable hell-holes that are poor advertisements for immigration, but might have other attractions. Remember one of the possible MacGuffinites profit-motive reason to colonize space in the first place is Mining. This may occur in a near-future solar-system colonization situation, or in a far-future faster-than-light starship galactic colonization situation.

But in both cases there is the personally-depressing but author-plot-wise-interesting phenomenon of the dreaded Resource Curse. Meaning you personally wouldn't want to live there but science fiction authors delight in such situations for their protagonists to strive against. Since there is a short supply of perfection in the universe, Eden-like paradise planets might be few and far between inside a sea full of zillions of bad-lands mining worlds.

This can also be an entertaining scenario if a paradise planet is discovered to have a valuable deposit of something-or-other. Hilarity will ensue as the greedy faction in search of short-term gain go to war with the paradise faction who like things just the way they are, thank you very much. Naturally if a paradise person stumbles over the resource before anybody else knows and has read the Wikipedia article on Resource Curse they will go to insane lengths to cover up the secret.

The resource curse , also known as the paradox of plenty , refers to the paradox that countries with an abundance of natural resources , specifically non-renewable resources like minerals and fuels , tend to have less economic growth , less democracy , and worse development outcomes than countries with fewer natural resources. This is hypothesized to happen for many different reasons, and there are many academic debates about when and why it occurs. Most experts believe the resource curse is not universal or inevitable, but affects certain types of countries or regions under certain conditions.

The idea that resources might be more of an economic curse than a blessing began to emerge in debates in the s and s about the economic problems of low and middle-income countries. The term resource curse was first used by Richard Auty in to describe how countries rich in mineral resources were unable to use that wealth to boost their economies and how, counter-intuitively, these countries had lower economic growth than countries without an abundance of natural resources.

An influential study by Jeffrey Sachs and Andrew Warner found a strong correlation between natural resource abundance and poor economic growth.

Hundreds of studies have now evaluated the effects of resource wealth on a wide range of economic outcomes, and offered many explanations for how, why, and when a resource curse is likely to occur. While "the lottery analogy has value but also has shortcomings", many observers have likened the resource curse to the difficulties that befall lottery winners who struggle to manage the complex side-effects of newfound wealth.

Common characteristics of these 29 countries include i extreme dependence on resource wealth for fiscal revenues, export sales, or both; ii low saving rates; iii poor growth performance; and iv highly volatile resource revenues.

A meta-study finds weak support for the thesis that resource richness adversely affects long-term economic growth. Dutch disease makes tradable goods less competitive in world markets. Absent currency manipulation or a currency peg , appreciation of the currency can damage other sectors, leading to a compensating unfavorable balance of trade.

As imports become cheaper in all sectors, internal employment suffers and with it the skill infrastructure and manufacturing capabilities of the nation. This problem has historically influenced the domestic economics of large empires including Rome during its transition from a Republic, and the United Kingdom during the height of its colonial empire.

To compensate for the loss of local employment opportunities, government resources are used to artificially create employment.

The increasing national revenue will often also result in higher government spending on health, welfare, military, and public infrastructure, and if this is done corruptly or inefficiently it can be a burden on the economy. If it is done efficiently this can boost economic competitiveness - effectively acting as a wage subsidy. While the decrease in the sectors exposed to international competition and consequently even greater dependence on natural resource revenue leaves the economy vulnerable to price changes in the natural resource, this can be managed by an active and effective use of hedge instruments such as forwards , futures , options and swaps , however if it is managed inefficiently or corruptly this can lead to disastrous results.

Also, since productivity generally increases faster in the manufacturing sector than in the government, so the economy will have lower productivity gains than before. Dutch Disease first became apparent after the Dutch discovered a massive natural gas field in Groningen in The Netherlands sought to tap this resource in an attempt to export the gas for profit. However, when the gas began to flow out of the country so too did its ability to compete against other countries' exports.

With the Netherlands' focus primarily on the new gas exports, the Dutch currency began to appreciate, which harmed the country's ability to export other products. With the growing gas market and the shrinking export economy, the Netherlands began to experience a recession.

This process has been witnessed in multiple countries around the world including but not limited to Venezuela oil , Angola diamonds , oil , the Democratic Republic of the Congo diamonds , and various other nations.

All of these countries are considered "resource-cursed". Prices for some natural resources are subject to wide fluctuation: When government revenues are dominated by inflows from natural resources for example, Abrupt changes in economic realities that result from this often provoke widespread breaking of contracts or curtailment of social programs, eroding the rule of law and popular support. Responsible use of financial hedges can mitigate this risk to some extent.

Susceptibility to this volatility can be increased where governments choose to borrow heavily in foreign currency. Real exchange rate increases, through capital inflows or the "Dutch disease" can make this appear an attractive option by lowering the cost of interest payments on the foreign debt, and they may be considered more creditworthy due to the existence of natural resources.

If the resource prices fall, however, the governments' capacity to meet debt repayments will be reduced. For example, many oil-rich countries like Nigeria and Venezuela saw rapid expansions of their debt burdens during the s oil boom; however, when oil prices fell in the s, bankers stopped lending to them and many of them fell into arrears, triggering penalty interest charges that made their debts grow even more.

It is the devil's excrement. Economic diversification may be delayed or neglected by the authorities in the light of the temporarily high profits that can be obtained from limited natural resources. The attempts at diversification that do occur are often grand public works projects which may be misguided or mismanaged.

However, even when the authorities attempt diversification in the economy, this is made difficult because resource extraction is vastly more lucrative and out-competes other industries. Successful natural-resource-exporting countries often become increasingly dependent on extractive industries over time. The abundant revenue from natural resource extraction discourages the long-term investment in infrastructure that would support a more diverse economy.

This lack of investment exacerbates the negative impact of sudden drops in the resource's price. While resource sectors tend to produce large financial revenues, they often add few jobs to the economy, and tend to operate as enclaves with few forward and backward connections to the rest of the economy. In many poor countries, natural resource industries tend to pay far higher salaries than what would be available elsewhere in the economy.

This tends to attract the best talent from both private and government sectors, damaging these sectors by depriving them of their best skilled personnel. Another possible effect of the resource curse is the crowding out of human capital ; countries that rely on natural resource exports may tend to neglect education because they see no immediate need for it. Resource-poor economies like Singapore , Taiwan or South Korea , by contrast, spent enormous efforts on education, and this contributed in part to their economic success see East Asian Tigers.

Other researchers, however, dispute this conclusion; they argue that natural resources generate easily taxable rents that more often than not result in increased spending on education. A study on coal mining in Appalachia "suggest that the presence of coal in the Appalachian region has played a significant part in its slow pace of economic development.

Our best estimates indicate that an increase of 0. No doubt, coal mining provides opportunities for relatively high-wage employment in the region, but its effect on prosperity appears to be negative in the longer run. Another example was the Spanish Empire which obtained enormous wealth from its resource-rich colonies in South America in the sixteenth century.

The large cash inflows from silver reduced incentives for industrial development in Spain. Innovation and investment in education were therefore neglected, so that the prerequisites for successful future development were given up.

Thus, Spain soon lost its economic strength in comparison to other Western countries. A study of US oil booms finds positive effects on local employment and income during booms but "that incomes per capita decreased and unemployment compensation payments increased relative to what they would have been if the boom had not occurred. Natural resources are a source of economic rent which can generate large revenues for those controlling them even in the absence of political stability and wider economic growth.

Their existence is a potential source of conflict between factions fighting for a share of the revenue, which may take the form of armed separatist conflicts in regions where the resources are produced or internal conflict between different government ministries or departments for access to budgetary allocations.

This tends to erode governments' abilities to function effectively. Even when politically stable, countries whose economies are dominated by resource extraction industries tend to be less democratic and more corrupt. There are several factors behind the relationship between natural resources and armed conflicts. Resource wealth may increase the vulnerability of countries to conflicts by undermining the quality of governance and economic performance the "resource curse" argument.

Secondly, conflicts can occur over the control and exploitation of resources and the allocation of their revenues the " resource war " argument. Thirdly, access to resource revenues by belligerents can prolong conflicts the " conflict resource " argument. A literature review finds that oil makes the onset of war more likely and that lootable resources lengthen existing conflicts.

One study finds the mere discovery as opposed to just the exploitation of petroleum resources increases the risk of conflict, as oil revenues have the potential to alter the balance of power between regimes and their opponents, rendering bargains in the present obsolete in the future. One study suggests that the rise in mineral prices over the period — contributed to up to 21 percent of the average country-level violence in Africa.

Research shows that declining oil prices make oil-rich states less bellicose. Jeff Colgan observed that oil-rich states have a propensity to instigate international conflicts as well as to be the targets of them, which he referred to as " petro-aggression ".

It is not clear whether the pattern of petro-aggression found in oil-rich countries also applies to other natural resources besides oil.

A study finds that "oil production, oil reserves, oil dependence, and oil exports are associated with a higher risk of initiating conflict while countries enjoying large oil reserves are more frequently the target of military actions.

Data for Syria and North Korea were unavailable. The emergence of the Sicilian Mafia has been attributed to the resource curse. Early Mafia activity is strongly linked to Sicilian municipalities abundant in sulphur, Sicily's most valuable export commodity. A study argues that petrostates may be emboldened to act more aggressively due to the inability of allied great powers to punish the petrostate.

The great powers have strong incentives not to upset the relationship with its client petrostate ally for both strategic and economic reasons. Research shows that oil wealth lowers levels of democracy and strengthens autocratic rule.

According to Michael Ross, "only one type of resource has been consistently correlated with less democracy and worse institutions: A study challenges the conventional academic wisdom on the relationship between oil and authoritarianism. Another study finds that resource windfalls have no political impact on democracies and deeply entrenched authoritarian regimes, but significantly exacerbate the autocratic nature of moderately authoritarian regimes.

A third study finds that while it is accurate that resource richness has an adverse impact on the prospects of democracy, this relationship has only held since the s. There are two ways that oil wealth might negatively affect democratization.

The first is that oil strengthens authoritarian regimes, making transitions to democracy less likely. The second is that oil wealth weakens democracies. Research generally supports the first theory but is mixed on the second. Both pathways might result from the ability of oil-rich states to provide citizens with a combination of generous benefits and low taxes.

In many economies that are not resource-dependent, governments tax citizens, who demand efficient and responsive government in return. This bargain establishes a political relationship between rulers and subjects. In countries whose economies are dominated by natural resources, however, rulers don't need to tax their citizens because they have a guaranteed source of income from natural resources.

Because the country's citizens aren't being taxed, they have less incentive to be watchful with how government spends its money. In addition, those benefiting from mineral resource wealth may perceive an effective and watchful civil service and civil society as a threat to the benefits that they enjoy, and they may take steps to thwart them.

As a result, citizens are often poorly served by their rulers, and if the citizens complain, money from the natural resources enables governments to pay for armed forces to keep the citizens in check.

It has been argued rises and falls in the price of petroleum correlate with rises and falls in the implementation of human rights in major oil-producing countries. Corrupt members of national governments may collude with resource extraction companies to override their own laws and ignore objections made by indigenous inhabitants.

The former also pay bribes for permits more frequently, and perceive their local councilors to be more corrupt. The Center for Global Development argues that governance in resource rich states would be improved by the government making universal, transparent, and regular payments of oil revenues to citizens, and then attempting to reclaim it through the tax system, which they argue will fuel public demand for the government to be transparent and accountable in its management of natural resource revenues and in the delivery of public services.

One study finds that "oil producing states dependent on exports to the USA exhibit lower human rights performance than those exporting to China". The authors argue that this stems from the fact that US relationships with oil producers were formed decades ago, before human rights became part of its foreign policy agenda. One study finds that resource wealth in authoritarian states lower the probability of adopting Freedom of Information FOI laws.

However, democracies that are resource rich are more likely than resource poor democracies to adopt FOI laws. Research links gender inequality in the Middle East to resource wealth, and likewise for the problems of " petro-sexual politics " in Nigeria.

A study in the US finds similar results: Research finds that the more that states depend on oil exports, the less cooperative they become: A study argues that the curse vanishes when looking not at the relative importance of resource exports in the economy but rather at a different measure: Using that variable to compare countries, it reports that resource wealth in the ground correlates with slightly higher economic growth and slightly fewer armed conflicts.

That a high dependency on resource exports correlates with bad policies and effects is not caused by the large degree of resource exportation. The causation goes in the opposite direction: When a country's chaos and economic policies scare off foreign investors and send local entrepreneurs abroad to look for better opportunities, the economy becomes skewed.

Factories may close and businesses may flee, but petroleum and precious metals remain for the taking. Resource extraction becomes the "default sector" that still functions after other industries have come to a halt.

A article that examines the long-term relationship between natural resource reliance and regime type across the world from to reports that increases in natural resource reliance do not induce authoritarianism.

With a focus on alleviating the methodological biases of earlier studies, the authors find evidence which suggests that increasing reliance on natural resources promotes democratization, the opposite of what the Resource curse theory suggests. The researchers provide qualitative evidence for this fact across several countries both here, and in another article; as well as evidence that there is no relationship between resource reliance and authoritarianism in Latin America.

The main methodological bias of earlier studies, the authors claim, is the assumption of random effects: The authors claim that the chances of this happening is larger when assuming random effects, an assumption that does not allow for what the authors call "unobserved country-specific heterogeneity".

These criticisms have themselves been subject to criticism. One study re-examined the Haber-Menaldo analysis, using Haber and Menaldo's own data and statistical models.

It reports that their conclusions are only valid for the period before the s, but since about , there has been a pronounced resource curse. Authors Andersen and Ross suggest that oil wealth only became a hindrance to democratic transitions after the transformative events of the s, which enabled developing country governments to capture the oil rents that were previously siphoned off by foreign-owned firms.

A study argues that previous assumptions that oil abundance is a curse were based on methodologies which failed to take into account cross-country differences and dependencies arising from global shocks, such as changes in technology and the price of oil. They found that oil abundance positively affected both short-term growth and long-term income levels. In a companion paper, using data on countries over the period —, they show that it is the volatility in commodity prices, rather than abundance per se, that drives the resource curse paradox.

Mass automation is undermining our democracy in a very specific way: Scholars debate the causes of the resource curse, but one popular theory has to do with the way autocrats fund themselves relative to democracies. Autocrats, it turns out, need a lot of wealth to pay their cronies. No dictator rules alone; they need someone to run the military, someone to collect the taxes, and someone to enforce the laws. Those people have to be paid, and handsomely, or they'll overthrow the dictator or just allow the dictator to be overthrown.

This is called "selectorate theory" and this video is a great introduction. Oil wealth, specifically, undermines democracy because when autocrats have access to oil wealth, they don't need to depend on their citizens very much. Indeed, many oil-rich autocratic countries just allow other countries to come in and drill it, keeping local labor entirely out of the loop. Resource-cursed autocracies tend to democratize when the oil wealth runs out and they need to rely on the people's productivity to deliver wealth to cronies.

When autocrats are forced to allow people to educate themselves and communicate with one another, democracy ensues. It can work the other way, too. In every democracy, there's a group of folks asking themselves a question: As the value of capital increases and the value of human labor decreases, the advantages of staging a coup become more and more enticing.

For years we've thought of human labor as the "ultimate resource. Robot labor that's just as good if not better than human labor is a resource beyond any we've ever seen.

We might use automation to fund universal basic income, or a class of elites could use it to undermine "unnecessary" citizens the "unnecessariat" , establishing a corporate fascism. When the government depends on human productivity for our tax base, the government needs to keep us all well-educated and healthy. But soon, government won't depend on human labor. And, increasingly, the answer is "yes.

The idea is that when extraterrestrial colonies are opened; all the forward thinking, high-IQ, rugged individualist types will flee corrupt, welfare-bloated, decaying Terra and find a new free life in the colonies TV Tropes calls them Space Cossacks. The result is that Terra will become a slum and the colonies will become shining beacons of libertarianism.

Often Terra becomes alarmed at their fall from power, and starts putting pressure on the colonies in order to maintain their dominance. Examples include Subspace Explorers by E. I already pointed out how Charles Stross proves this to be a questionable scenario , at least when it comes to colonies where you need high technology just to make air to breath. The trope seems to be founded on an idealized version of the opening of the American frontier.

Which does not make sense, since according to the trope Britain should have turned into a third world country after the American Revolution. Which did not happen. What it boils down to is: You underestimate the potentials of Earth. You forget that this was the stock of your own ancestors. And half a billion years before that, it was fishes. This is the dregs. Look back over the past century. Rank Has Its Privileges. That had never been more true than during the first decades of space development.

One odd and predictable—yet unexpected—consequence of automation and excess productive capacity had been the re-emergence of the class system. The old aristocracy, diminished but never quite destroyed during the days of world-wide poverty and experimental social programs, had returned; and there were some curious additions to their ranks. It had been surprising, but inevitable.

At the same time, lack of results and impatience with academic studies had squeezed education to a few years of mandatory schooling.

The unemployment rate grew to ninety percent. The available jobs on Earth called for no special skills—so who would get them?

Naturally, those with well-placed friends and relatives. There had been a wonderful blossoming of nepotism, unmatched within the previous thousand years. Meanwhile, away from Earth there was a real need for people. The solar system was ripe for development. It offered an environment that was demanding, dangerous, and full of unbounded opportunities. The rich and the royal were not without their own shrewdness. After a quick look at space, they stayed home on Earth, the one place in the system where their safety, superiority, and status were all assured.

It was the low-born, seeing no upward mobility on Earth, who took the big leap—outward. The result was too effective to be the work of human planners. The tough, desperate commoners fought their way to space, generation after generation. The introduction of the Mattin Link teleportation transport quadrupled the rate of exodus, and the society that was left on Earth became more and more titled and selfconscious.

Earth was the place to be for the aristocrats. The only place to be, on the Big Marble itself. Where else could anyone live who despised crudity, esteemed breeding and culture, and demanded a certain sophistication of lifestyle?

They take anything that's any value to them—brains, slave-flesh, metals. And as many items of higher technology as they can find.

That's why they put down an entire fleet. They strip a planet of anything useful they can carry before they destroy it. They can surely train enough of their own. They appear to be concentrating on ones with a certain specialty—authorities on the patterns of chaos. Seems as though Onaris had one of the top men in that field. That's a classical myth. In fact, the reverse is true.

When the starships started the Great Exodus from Terra they took an unusually high concentration of very high IQ emigrants with them. It's not rare on a settlement planet to find two or three families still breedin' an almost pure genuis strain. Onaris had one family of decidedly genius strain—the Halterns. You're cast as Ander Haltern, direct ninth descendant of Prosper Haltern.

Ander's probably one of the galaxy's top men on the patterns of chaos. But space travel can't ease the pressure on a planet grown too crowded not even with today's ships and probably not with any future ships—because stupid people won't leave the slopes of their home volcano even when it starts to smoke and rumble. What space travel does do is drain off the best brains: That's a tiny fraction of one percent.

That in itself might not have been serious, had not Earth grown steadily more jealous of its offspring during the two hundred years since the dawn of space travel. It was, thought Sadler, an old, old story, perhaps its classic example being the case of England and the American colonies. It has been truly said that history never repeats itself, but historical situations recur. The men who governed Earth were far more intelligent than George the Third ; nevertheless, they were beginning to show the same reactions as that unfortunate monarch.

There were excuses on both sides. Earth was tired; it had spent itself, sending out its best blood to the stars. It saw power slipping from its hands, and knew that it had already lost the future Why should it speed the process by giving to its rivals the tools they needed? The Federation, on the other hand, looked back with a kind of affectionate contempt upon the world from which it had sprung.

It had lured to Mars, Venus and the satellites of the giant planets some of the finest intellects and the most adventurous spirits of the human race. Here was the new frontier, one that would expand forever toward the stars. It was the greatest physical challenge mankind had ever faced, it could be met only by supreme scientific skill and unyielding determination.

These were virtues no longer essential on Earth; the fact that Earth was well aware of it did nothing to ease the situation. No doubt or question. Tellurian labor is a bunch of plain damned fools. So about the only ones with brains left—except for the connivers, chiselers, boodlers, gangsters, and bastardly crooked politicians and that goes for most Tellurian capitalists, too.

One of the most important effects of this migration, although it was scarcely noticed at the time, was the difference between the people of the planets and those of Earth. The planetsmen were, to give a thumbnail description, the venturesome, the independent, the ambitious, the chance-taking. Tellurians were, and became steadily more so, the stodgy, the unimaginative, the security-conscious.

Decade after decade this difference became more and more marked, until finally there developed a definite traffic pattern that operated continuously to intensify it. Young Tellurians of both sexes who did not like regimentation—and urged on by the blandishments of planetary advertising campaigns—left Earth for good. Conversely, a thin stream of colonials who preferred security to competition flowed to Earth.

This condition had existed for over two hundred years. And, by the way, it still exists. And after they were gone, the farms and ranches and factories would go on, almost but not quite as before. Nothing on Gram, nothing on any of the Sword-Worlds, was done as efficiently as three centuries ago.

The whole level of Sword-World life was sinking, like the east coastline of this continent, so slowly as to be evident only from the records and monuments of the past. He said as much, and added: The best Sword-World genes are literally escaping to space, like the atmosphere of a low gravity planet, each generation begotten by fathers slightly inferior to the last. It wasn't so bad when the Space Vikings raided directly from the Sword-Worlds; they got home once in a while.

Now they're conquering planets in the Old Federation for bases, and staying there. He turned to Basil Gorrarn. That's what happened to the Terran Federation, by the way. The good men all left to colonize, and the stuffed shirts and yes-men and herd-followers and safety-firsters stayed on Terra and tried to govern the Galaxy. Look what happened after the gravitic drive came along.

They could see the way things were going here, and wanted no part of it. They sold all they had , cut all their ties, abandoned everything that held them back, and headed out. Not many had the guts or gumption to do that — it automatically culled all but the strongest candidates. The intelligence level on most colony planets still trends higher than on Earth. There is an ideology that they are attached to; it's the ideology of westward frontier expansion, the Myth of the West, the westward expansion of the United States between the start of the Lewis and Clark expedition and the closing of the American western frontier.

Leaving aside the matter of the dispossession and murder of the indigenous peoples, I tend to feel some sympathy for the grandchildren of this legend: The west was inhabitable; it supported a healthy set of interlocking ecosystems in most of which a lone human being could find food and sustenance.

These conditions do not apply in space. You don't get to breathe the air on Mars. You don't get to harvest wheat on Venus. You don't get to visit any of these places, even on a "plant the flag and pick up some rocks" visitor's day pass basis, without a massive organized effort to provide an environment that can keep the canned monkeys from Earth warm and breathing. I postulate that the organization required for such exploration is utterly anathema to the ideology of the space cadets, because the political roots of the space colonization movement in the United States rise from taproots of nostalgia for the open frontier that give rise to a false consciousness of the problem of space colonization.

In particular, the fetishization of autonomy, self-reliance, and progress through mechanical engineering — echoing the desire to escape the suffocating social conditions back east by simply running away — utterly undermine the program itself and are incompatible with life in a space colony which is likely to be at a minimum somewhat more constrained than life in one of the more bureaucratically obsessive-compulsive European social democracies, and at worst will tend towards the state of North Korea in Space.

It began to be perceptible in the late s, and was certainly recognized in the s, that the intermix of frontier imagery, popular culture expectations, and Cold War concerns was beginning to break-down.

This was true across broad swaths of American culture, but it was also very apparent when it came to understanding the history of spaceflight. First, the construct of the frontier as a positive image of national character and of the progress of democracy has been challenged on all quarters and virtually rejected as a useful ideal in American postmodern, multicultural society. Conservative politicians became the bearers of the frontier mythology increasingly used to justify the space program as the Cold War slipped away, while liberals grew increasingly restless with the exploitation and oppression that the frontier myth seemed to imply.

NASA leaders have largely ignored the negative images conjured up in an increasing number of Americans minds by the metaphor of the frontier. For all their hard-headed practicality, for all their understanding of science and technology, they have been caught up in frontier allusion even to the present.

For instance, James C. Astronaut, then senator, John Glenn captured some of this same tenor in when he summoned images of the American heritage of pioneering and argued that the next great frontier challenge was in space. Our spirit as a nation is reflected in our willingness to explore the unknown for the benefit of all humanity, and space is a prime medium in which to test our mettle. The image of the frontier, however, has been a less and less acceptable and effective metaphor as the twentieth century became the twenty-first century.

Progressives have come to view the space program from a quite different perspective. To the extent that space represents a new frontier, it conjures up images of commercial exploitation and the subjugation of oppressed peoples. Implemented through a large aerospace industry, in their view, it appears to create the sort of governmental-corporate complexes of which liberals are increasingly wary.

They also assert that space exploration has also remained largely a male frontier, with room for few minorities. The frontier metaphor has continued to inform space policy to the present. This same metaphor found ready expression in the present-day effort to develop the Space Exploration Initiative to return to the Moon—this time to establish a permanent colony—and to go on to Mars.

In tandem with the metaphorical frontier of the nineteenth century, NASA also subscribed to an intellectual frontier that fostered scientific activities.

Indicative of this reality of the frontier experience in regard to the Shuttle, if not to the myth, Fletcher fell victim to the political pressures of individuals and groups who wanted him to use his office to further the economic well-being of his intermountain region and the people of his religion. For the space program, as for the earlier experience, the frontier myth presents in a cyclical form the essence of what Americans want to believe about themselves.

There are four basic stages of this cycle. Second, there is a regression into a form of order that is something less than what had been known in the previous civilization. Frontiersmen had to learn to live in the new environment in which the ideas and even the tools they had mastered in civilization were no longer applicable. Like Jeremiah Johnson in the Robert Redford movie, the frontier taught hard lessons about life and death, survival and freedom. If these were not well received, there would be no success on the frontier.

At the same time, the people who participated in the process were changed forever. The space program has a similar learning experience—how to stay alive in a vacuum, how to deal with weightlessness, etc. If we move outward, we will indeed evolve in the process. Many of them are online right now! And there is never any shortage of women on the site. Like so many sites designed for adult dating and finding local sex, you will see that the membership leans heavily towards males.

Well, that's ok if you are into gay dating, but if when looking for NSA action with a female or groups that have many available wives, you'll simply be wasting your time.

Again, you will do well for gay and lesbian dating, but there will be limited success in other areas. Many consider the site an alternative to Craigslist or backpage without the escorts and the scammers. And that's a good thing! You'll also find married women in search of affairs, as well as young women in search of a sugar daddy in your area. Many of these women are looking for men to date on the weekends, or they want to have casual encounters during the workday.

These hookups are more commonly called a " nooner ," so that is a good thing to search for when you are into married women or females who are currently attached but in the market for casual encounters.

They are in places like your town. Hot areas for BBW wife swapping are growing every day. Or anywhere around the world for that matter. Soon you'll be chatting with real members and getting the ball rolling on getting laid tonight. Most hookup sites these days lead to a lot of frustration when looking for friends with benefits using no strings attached techniques. With the fakes screened out, that is not a problem here. As many have found out, free sex personals are a waste of time.

They are worthless for locating true friends with benefits with a BBW or lesbian woman. They can also be dangerous because you don't yet know who know the person chatting with.

Then it could be too late. That's something to think about. So it goes without saying that free sex sites like those are to be avoided at all costs. They also contain a number of police stings. How would that look, even if you were married for a swinger wife? All initial memberships are free, so you get a good chance to look around and see if the site if for you. What do you have to lose? The answer is, "absolutely nothing.

And, again you don't have to worry about encountering escorts like those on backpage. From the second you have been approved, we get you chatting, having fun, and hooking up in our sex posts for adult dating.

You search can be as local as you want it to be. And that includes cities large and small. Think of it as a kind of an alternative to Craigslist, but one that works and is not full of people wasting your time or trying to scam you.

These are real members searching for real action right now.

Beautiful blondes to fuck in Chesapeake, Beautiful nude wives in West copake car fun m4w Attractive, tall, fit, nice, clean, chill white guy here, looking for a cute Beautiful woman ready horny sex xxx sex women Lady searching fucking orgy . Blindfolded Chesapeake Virginia and asian top seeks tops Who wants to smoke Hot horney wanting woman that fuck good friend looking 4 best friend 4 love . Looking for a Female to live with. there gotta be one dude on here who s hot. Louise Want hookers Not important + New here and wanna fuck. horny woman wants seeking for sex. Hot blonde want sex on the side 8" BIG MAN DICK .